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Abraham Lincoln Biography and Facts For Kids


On Feb. 12, 1809, Abraham Lincoln was born in a log cabin in backwoods Hardin County, Kentucky. Lincoln served as the 16th President of the United States from March 1861 until his assassination in April 1865. He successfully led the country through the American Civil War, preserved the Union, and ended slavery. He became a country lawyer, an Illinois state legislator, and a one-term member of the United States House of Representatives. Still, He failed in two attempts at a seat in the United States Senate. Finally, accepting the nomination, Lincoln gave a ringing declaration supporting the Union: “A house divided against itself cannot stand.” Though Douglas won the senatorial election, Lincoln had made his mark by the debates; he was now a potential presidential candidate. As time passed, Lincoln became more and more the object of adulation; a full-blown “Lincoln legend” appeared. Paintings, sculptures, and architectural works; the most famous shrines are his home and tomb in Springfield, Illinois., and the Lincoln Memorial in Washington, D.C.

Fun Facts about Abraham Lincoln

When was Abraham Lincoln born: February 12, 1809
Where was Abraham Lincoln born: Hardin County, Kentucky
Where did Abraham Lincoln go to college: he was one of the only presidents who didn’t attend college
What was Abraham Lincoln job before becoming president: Clerk, Store Owner, Military, Lawyer
Who was Abraham Lincoln married to Mary Todd
What number president was Abraham Lincoln: 16
Who was Abraham Lincoln’s vice president: Hannibal Hamlin – Andrew Johnson
When was Abraham Lincoln president: 1861-1865
How many terms did Abraham Lincoln serve: 2
When did Abraham Lincoln die: April 15, 1865
How old was Abraham Lincoln when he died: 56
Where is Abraham Lincoln buried: Springfield, Illinois

Abraham Lincoln Quotes

  • “A house divided against itself cannot stand.”
  • “All my life, I have tried to pluck a thistle and plant a flower wherever the flower would grow in thought and mind.”
  • “My great concern is not whether you have failed but whether you are content with your failure.”
  • “Books serve to show a man that those original thoughts of his aren’t very new at all.”
  • “Always bear in mind that your own resolution to succeed is more important than any other.”

Timeline of Abraham Lincoln’s Life

1809 – Abraham Lincoln, born February 12, 1809, in Hardin County, Kentucky.
1817 – Settled in Perry County, Indiana; father, mother, sister, and self.
1830 – Lincoln family move into Illinois, near Decatur.
1831 – Abraham Lincoln works for himself: boatbuilding and sailing, carpentering, hog-sticking, saw-milling, blacksmithing, river-pilot, logger.
1832 – First political speech.
1834 – Elected to the State legislature as Whig.
1835 – Postmaster, New Salem; appointed by President Jackson.
1838 to 1840 – Reelected to the State legislature.
1842 – Married Miss Mary Todd of Kentucky.
1844 – Proposed for Congress.
1846 – Elected to Congress, the single Whig Illinois member.
1856 – Organized the Republican Party and became its chief.
1859 – Placed for the presidential candidacy.
1860 – Nominated for President.
1861 – Inaugurated sixteenth President
1863 – Emancipation proclaimed, Gettysburg Cemetery address, and pardon to rebels proclaimed.
1864 – Unanimous nomination as Republican presidential candidate for re-election, June 7. Reelected as president on November 8.
1865 – Inaugurated for the second term.
1865 – Assassinated in Ford’s Theater, Washington, by a mad actor, Wilkes Booth.
1865 – Body lay in state at Washington.