Einstein, Albert was a theoretical physicist, born in Ulm, Germany. Einstein’s 1939 letter to President Franklin D. Roosevelt urging that the United States develop an atomic bomb gave rise to the Manhattan Project. Einstein himself, however, played no role in that undertaking. He received the Nobel Prize in physics in 1921 for his elaboration of the quantum theory. Below you will find a timeline of Einstein’s life and accomplishments. The German-born American physicist Albert Einstein revolutionized the science of physics and is best known for his theory of relativity. He was not a child prodigy as some might think based on what he accomplished; in fact, he was unable to speak fluently at age 9.
Timeline of Albert Einstein’s Life
1879: When and where was Albert Einstein born? On March 14th, Albert Einstein was born in to Jewish parents in Ulm, Württemberg, Germany .
1884: In this year Albert Einstein is first introduced to a compass which triggers his quest to investigate the natural world. Einstein later stated that this experience made a deep and lasting impression on his mind as a child.
1889: At age 10, Albert Einstein started studying subjects like math science and philosophy.
1891: Einstein understood the deductive reasoning From Euclid and by the age of twelve, he had learned Euclidean geometry.
1894: When did Einstein write his first scientific work? Albert Einstein was fifteen when he wrote his first scientific work The Investigation of the State of Ether in Magnetic Fields.
1895: Albert Einstein attempted to skip high school and directly apply to the ETH Zurich.
1896: What school did Albert Einstein go to? Albert Einstein graduated from high school at the age of 17 and enrolls at the Federal Polytechnic in Zurich (ETH).
1898: Albert falls in love with Mileva Maric, a Hungarian classmate at ETH.
1899: Albert Einstein applied for Swiss Citizenship
1900: When did Einstein graduate from ETH? Albert Einstein graduated from the Federal Polytechnic in Zurich.
1901: Albert became a Swiss citizen.
1902: In January, Mileva gave birth to their daughter, Lieserl.
1903: Albert Einstein and Mileva got married in January.
1904: This is the year in which Mileva gave birth to their first son, Hans Albert.
1905: When did Einstein start his Theory of Relativity? This year is known as Annus Mirabilis or Albert Einstein’s Miracle Year which saw the birth of Einstein’s Special Theory of Relativity. When did Einstein create the equation e=mc2? At the age of 26 Einstein applied his theory to mass and energy and formulated the equation e=mc2
1907: Einstein begins applying the laws of gravity to his Special Theory of Relativity.
1911: The Einsteins moved to Prague where Albert Einstein was given a full professorship at the German University.
1912: The Einsteins moved to Zurich where Albert was given a position as a professor of Theoretical Physics at the ETH.
1915: When did Einstein finish his Theory of Relativity? This was the year in which Albert Einstein completed his General Theory of Relativity.
1917: Einstein was seriously ill when his cousin, Elsa, nursed him back to health after which he went on to publish his first paper on cosmology.
1919: On May 29 a solar eclipse proved the fact that Einstein’s General Theory of Relativity works.
1922: When was Einstein awarded the Nobel Prize in Physics? This was the year when Albert Einstein was awarded the Nobel Prize in physics.
1927: This was the year when he began to develop the foundation of quantum mechanics with Bohr.
1928: Einstein began pursing his idea of a unified field theory.
1932: Einstein was a popular man at the age of 53, when he began to feel the heat of Nazi Germany, owing to his Jewish origins.
1933: Albert Einstein and Elsa, moved to the United States, where they settled in Princeton, New Jersey.
1939: This was the year that marked the beginning of the WW2. Albert Einstein wrote a famous letter to President Franklin D. Roosevelt warning him about the possibility of Germany’s building an atomic bomb and urging nuclear research.
1940: Albert Einstein becomes an American citizen, however he retains his Swiss citizenship.
1955: On April 17 Albert Einstein experienced internal bleeding caused by the rupture of an aortic aneurysm. How old was albert Einstein when he died? He died in Princeton Hospital early the next morning at the age of 76.
List of Popular Albert Einstein Quotes
- “Not everything that counts can be counted, and not everything that can be counted counts.”
- “Imagination is more important than knowledge.”
- “Gravitation is not responsible for people falling in love.”
- “I want to know God’s thoughts; the rest are details.”
- “Reality is merely an illusion, albeit a very persistent one.”
- “The only real valuable thing is intuition.”
- “A person starts to live when he can live outside himself.”
- “I am convinced that He (God) does not play dice.”
- “God is subtle but he is not malicious.”
- “My religion consists of a humble admiration of the illimitable superior spirit who reveals himself in the slight details we are able to perceive with our frail and feeble mind.”
- “Weakness of attitude becomes weakness of character.”
- “Sometimes one pays most for the things one gets for nothing.”
- “Science without religion is lame. Religion without science is blind.”
- “Anyone who has never made a mistake has never tried anything new.”
- “Great spirits have often encountered violent opposition from weak minds.”
- “Everything should be made as simple as possible, but not simpler.”
- “Common sense is the collection of prejudices acquired by age eighteen.”
- “Science is a wonderful thing if one does not have to earn one’s living at it.”
- “The secret to creativity is knowing how to hide your sources.”
- “The only thing that interferes with my learning is my education.”
- “God does not care about our mathematical difficulties. He integrates empirically.”
- “The whole of science is nothing more than a refinement of everyday thinking.”
- “Peace cannot be kept by force. It can only be achieved by understanding.”
- “We can’t solve problems by using the same kind of thinking we used when we created them.”
- “Education is what remains after one has forgotten everything he learned in school.”
- “Two things are infinite: the universe and human stupidity; and I’m not sure about the the universe.”
- “As far as the laws of mathematics refer to reality, they are not certain, as far as they are certain, they do not refer to reality.”
- “The fear of death is the most unjustified of all fears, for there’s no risk of accident for someone who’s dead.”
- “Too many of us look upon Americans as dollar chasers. This is a cruel libel, even if it is reiterated thoughtlessly by the Americans themselves.”
- “Heroism on command, senseless violence, and all the loathsome nonsense that goes by the name of patriotism — how passionately I hate them!”
- “Yes, we have to divide up our time like that, between our politics and our equations. But to me our equations are far more important, for politics are only a matter of present concern. A mathematical equation stands forever.”
- “The most beautiful thing we can experience is the mysterious. It is the source of all true art and all science. He to whom this emotion is a stranger, who can no longer pause to wonder and stand rapt in awe, is as good as dead: his eyes are closed.”
- “A man’s ethical behavior should be based effectually on sympathy, education, and social ties; no religious basis is necessary. Man would indeeded be in a poor way if he had to be restrained by fear of punishment and hope of reward after death.”
- “The further the spiritual evolution of mankind advances, the more certain it seems to me that the path to genuine religiosity does not lie through the fear of life, and the fear of death, and blind faith, but through striving after rational knowledge.”
- “Now he has departed from this strange world a little ahead of me. That means nothing. People like us, who believe in physics, know that the distinction between past, present, and future is only a stubbornly persistent illusion.”
Until his death on April 18, 1955, Einstein continued to work on a unifying theory of physics that would join gravity with other forces of nature. He never succeeded, but scientists today are continuing this work. Time magazine in its Dec. 31, 1999, issue proclaimed Einstein as the Person of the Century for his scientific work as well as his humanitarian contributions.