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Andrew Johnson Biography and Facts For Kids

Andrew Johnson was the 17th President of the United States. No president, not even Lincoln, rose from lower depths of poverty and deprivation to reach the height of that office than did Johnson. He was born on 29 December 1808 in a two-room shack in Raleigh, North Carolina; his parents were illiterate tavern servants; and he never attended school. Following the assassination of President Abraham Lincoln, Johnson presided over the Reconstruction era of the United States in the four years after the American Civil War.

On 29 May 1865, Johnson announced his Reconstruction program in the form of two proclamations. The Amnesty Proclamation pardoned all participants in the rebellion, restored their property except slaves, and required them to take a loyalty oath. The other proclamation dealt with North Carolina, but its provisions set the pattern for all of the seceded states except VirginiaTennesseeArkansas, and Louisiana, where pro-Union governments already existed. Johnson followed the North Carolina Proclamation with identical declarations for MississippiSouth CarolinaFloridaGeorgiaAlabama, and Texas. During the summer and fall of 1865, all of these states held constitutional conventions. His tenure was controversial as his positions favoring the white South came under heavy political attack from Republicans.

Fun Facts and Trivia about Andrew Johnson

When was Andrew Johnson born: December 29, 1808
Where was Andrew Johnson born: Raleigh,NC
What was Andrew Johnson’s job before becoming president: Tailor
Who was Andrew Johnson married to: Eliza McCardle Johnson
What number president was Andrew Johnson : 17th
What political party did Andrew Johnson belong to: National Union – Democrat
Who was Andrew Johnson’s vice president: n/a
When was Andrew Johnson president: 1865 – 1869
How many terms did Andrew Johnson serve as president: Less than 1
When did Andrew Johnson die: July 31, 1875
How old was Andrew Johnson when he died: 66
Where is Andrew Johnson buried: Greeneville, TN

Timeline of the life of Andrew Johnson

1808 Born in Raleigh, N.C.
1827 Married Eliza McCardle.
1843 Elected to the U.S. House of Representatives.
1853 Elected governor of Tennessee.
1857 Elected to the United StatesSenate.
1862 Union armies won control of western Tennessee.
1864 Elected Vice-President of the United States
1865 President Abraham Lincoln assassinated.
1865 Succeeded to the presidency.
1866 Mendel announced his law of heredity.
1867 The British created the Dominion of Canada.
1867 Emperor Maximilian of Mexico was executed.
1867 Austria and Hungary untied to form Austria-Hungary.
1867 Alfred Nobel of Sweden invented dynamite.
1867 Alaska was purchased from Russia at a total cost of $7,200,000.
1867 The first practical typewriter was developed.
1867 The Bureau of Education was established.
1868 Acquitted in impeachment trail.
1868 The first railroad refrigerator car was used.
1875 Died at Carter Station, Tenn.

The Impeachment of Andrew Johnson

The Impeachment of Andrew Johnson was one of the most dramatic events in the political life of the United States during Reconstruction, and the first impeachment in history of a sitting United States president.

The Impeachment was a lengthy political battle, between the moderate Johnson and the “Radical Republican” movement that dominated Congress, for control of Reconstruction policies after the Civil War.

When was Johnson impeached? In May, 1868, the Senate came within a single vote of taking the unprecedented step of removing a president from office. Although the impeachment trial of Andrew Johnson was ostensibly about a violation of the Tenure of Office Act, it was about much more than that. Why was Andrew Johnson impeached? He was brought up on eleven articles of impeachment detailing his “high crimes and misdemeanors”, in accordance with Article Two of the United States Constitution.