Skip links

Arabian Sea Facts for Kids and Students

  • The Arabian Sea is a region of the Indian Ocean bounded on on the north by Pakistan and Iran, on the south by northeastern Somalia, on the east by India and on the west by the Arabian Peninsula.
  • The biggest river flowing into the Sea is the Indus River.
  • The Arabian Sea has two important branches — the Gulf of Aden in the southwest, connecting with the Red Sea through the strait of Bab-el-Mandeb; and the Gulf of Oman to the northwest, connecting with the Persian Gulf.
  • There are also the gulfs of Cambay and Kutch on the Indian coast.
  • The countries with coastlines on the Arabian Sea are Somalia, Djibouti, Yemen, Oman, Iran, Pakistan, India and the Maldives.
  • There are several large cities on the Arabian Sea coast including Karachi, Gwadar, Pasni, Ormara, Aden, Muscat, Mumbai, Mangalore, Kochi, Keti Bandar, Salalah and Duqm.
  • The Arabian Sea historically and geographically has had many other different names and it has also been given names by Muslim travelers and European geographers such as: Akhzar Sea, Persian Sea, Sindhu Sagar, Erythraean Sea, and Sindh Sea.
  • The Arabian Sea has been an important marine trade route since the era of the coastal sailing vessels from possibly as early as the 3rd millennium BCE, certainly the late 2nd millennium BCE through the later days known as the Age of Sail.
  • By the time of Julius Caesar, several well-established combined land-sea trade routes depended upon water transport through the Sea around the rough inland terrain features to its north.
  • The geographic position of the port places it in close proximity to major shipping routes such as the Strait of Hormuz.
  • The history of the port is intertwined with that of the city of Karachi.
  • There is a reference to the early existence of the port of Karachi in the “Umdah”, by the Arab navigator Sulaiman al Mahri , who mentions “Ras al Karazi” and “Ras Karashi” while describing a route along the coast from Pasni to Ras Karashi.
  • Karachi is also mentioned in the sixteenth century Turkish treatise Mir’ât ül Memâlik (Mirror of Countries, 1557) by the Ottoman captain Seydi Ali Reis, which is a compilation of sailing directions from the Portuguese island of Diu to Hormuz in the Persian Gulf.
  • The gate facing the sea was called “Kharadar” (salt gate), and the gate facing the Lyari River was called “Mithadar”.
  • Port of Salalah in Salalah, Oman is also a major port in the area.
  • There are several islands in the Arabian Sea, with the largest being Socotra, Masirah, Astola Island (Islamic Republic of Pakistan) and Andrott.
  • The rugged terrain of the island and surrounding rough coastline has led to the appearance of many wrecked dhows on the beaches of the island, most of them well preserved by the salt water and intense heat.