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Armenia Facts for Kids

  • Hayastan, officially the Republic of Armenia, is a landlocked country in the South Caucasus region of Eurasia.
  • Located in Western Asia, it is bordered by Turkey to the west, Georgia to the north, the de facto independent Nagorno-Karabakh Republic and Azerbaijan to the east, and Iran and the Azerbaijani exclave of Nakhchivan to the south.
  • Armenia is a unitary, multi-party, democratic nation-state with an ancient cultural heritage.
  • An Armenian principality and later a kingdom, known as Cilician Armenia, existed on the coast of the Mediterranean Sea between the 11th and 14th centuries.
  • Between the 16th century and first half of the 19th century, the traditional Armenian homeland composed of Eastern Armenia and Western Armenia came under rule of the rivaling Ottoman and successive Iranian Empires, passing between the two over the centuries.
  • During World War I, the Armenians living in their ancestral lands in the Ottoman Empire were systematically exterminated in the Armenian Genocide.
  • In 1918, during the Russian Revolution, all non-Russian countries were granted independence from the dissolved empire, leading to the establishment of the First Republic of Armenia.
  • In 1936, the Transcaucasian state was dissolved, leaving its constituent states, including the Armenian Soviet Socialist Republic, as full Union republics.
  • The Republic of Armenia recognizes the Armenian Apostolic Church, the world’s oldest national church, as the country’s primary religious establishment.
  • Christianity spread into the country as early as AD 40.
  • On 24 April 1915, Armenian intellectuals were arrested by Ottoman authorities and, with the Tehcir Law (29 May 1915), eventually a large proportion of Armenians living in Anatolia perished in what has become known as the Armenian Genocide.
  • Armenia and the Armenian diaspora have been campaigning for official recognition of the events as genocide for over 30 years.
  • Human rights in Armenia are better than those in most former Soviet republics and have drawn closer to acceptable standards, especially economically.
  • Armenia was the first nation to adopt Christianity as a state religion, an event traditionally dated to AD 301.