Resources About Earth Science For Kids

Earth science or geoscience is a widely embraced term for the fields of natural science related to the planet Earth. It is the branch of science dealing with the physical constitution of the earth and its atmosphere. Earth science is the study of our planet’s physical characteristics, from earthquakes to raindrops, and floods to fossils. Earth science can be considered to be a branch of planetary science, but with a much older history.

“Earth science” is a broad term that encompasses four main branches of study, each of which is further broken down into more specialized fields.

Mayan Calendar Facts For Kids

Among their other accomplishments, the ancient Mayas invented a calendar of remarkable accuracy and complexity. The calendar systems reflect the agricultural, political and ritual needs characteristic of the societies in which they flourished. The Pyramid of Kukulkan at Chichén Itzá, constructed circa 1050 was built during the late Mayan period, when Toltecs from Tula became […]

Facts about Sundials For Kids

In common designs such as the horizontal sundial, the sun casts a shadow from its style onto a surface marked with lines indicating the hours of the day. In most designs, the style must point towards true celestial north. It is common for inexpensive decorative sundials to have incorrect hour angles, and these cannot be adjusted to tell correct […]

Facts about the Environment for Kids

Although water covers two-thirds of the surface of the Earth, all the fresh water in lakes, streams, and rivers represents only one-hundredth of the Earth’s total water. Eighty-four percent of a typical household’s waste–including food scraps, yard waste, paper, cardboard, cans, and bottles–can be recycled. Using recycled paper for one print run of the Sunday edition of […]

Facts For Kids About Shipwrecks Their Effects on Sea Life

Worldwide, there have been more than 3 million shipwrecks since the first ship set sail that were either destroyed at sea or that ran aground due to storms, poor visibility, or poor navigation. Since the beginning of maritime history, ships have suffered at the hands of the vagaries of the climate, tides, tectonic movements, navigational error, poor design, […]

Facts About Metamorphic Rocks For Kids

Metamorphic rocks arise from the transformation of existing rock types, in a process called metamorphism, which means “change in form”. The original rock is subjected to heat and pressure, (temperatures greater than 150 to 200 °C and pressures of 1500 bars) causing profound physical and/or chemical change. They may be formed simply by being deep beneath […]

Erosion Causes and Facts for Kids

Erosion can be described as the process by which the Earth’s surface material becomes decomposed and worn away as a result of naturally occurring forces driven by such variables as the sun as well as the Earth’s gravity and rotation. The surface materials subject to erosion include soils, rocks, rock formations and sedimentation. When these materials come into contact with the Earth’s forces, which include ocean currents, […]

Cool Facts About Lava For Kids

Lava refers both to molten rock expelled by a volcano during an eruption and the resulting rock after solidification and cooling. Up to 100,000 times as viscous as water, lava can flow great distances before cooling and solidifying because of its thixotropic and shear thinning properties. A lava flow is a moving outpouring of lava, […]

Facts About The Paleolithic Period For Kids

The Paleolithic Age, Era or Period, is a prehistoric period of human history distinguished by the development of the most primitive stone tools discovered, and covers roughly 99% of human technological prehistory. It extends from the earliest known use of stone tools, probably by Hominins such as Australopithecines, 2.6 million years ago, to the end of the […]

Troposphere Facts About Earths Inner Atmospheric Layer

The troposphere, the first layer above Earth’s surface, comprises approximately half the Earth’s atmosphere. It begins at sea level and extends five to nine miles in height, which varies from the North and South Poles to the Equator. Since the troposphere is at the bottom of the atmosphere, the weight of air is greatest in this layer, and all weather conditions that are experienced, and […]

Landslides Facts for Kids

The phenomenon of landslides is a geological one. Landslides are due to a vast array of ground movement, which include deep failure of slopes, shallow debris flows, and rock falls. Landslides can occur in all different types of onshore, coastal, and offshore environments. The main driving force of landslides is often attributed to gravity; however, there can be […]

Soil Structure and pH

Soil structure refers to the way soil particles are bound together into aggregates of different sizes and shapes. It determines the amount of air and water that may penetrate into the soil. This is important because a plant’s ability to take root and grow to maturity is directly affected by the porosity of the soil. For instance, […]

Facts About Summer For Kids

At the summer solstice, the days are longest and the nights are shortest, with day-length decreasing as the season progresses after the solstice. The date of the beginning of summer varies according to climate, culture, and tradition, but when it is summer in the Northern Hemisphere it is winter in the Southern Hemisphere, and vice […]

Great Barrier Reef Facts For Kids

Perhaps Australia’s greatest treasure, the Great Barrier Reef, lies off the coast of Queensland. It is made up of millions of tiny living organisms known as corals. It is the largest coral reef on earth and extends over 23,000 square kilometers. It attracts thousands of tourists each year. There are numerous distinctive features of this vast ecosystem. […]

Facts About The Polar Ice Caps For Kids

Polar ice packs are large areas of pack ice formed from seawater in the Earth’s polar regions, known as polar ice caps: the Arctic ice pack (or Arctic ice cap) of the Arctic Ocean and the Antarctic ice pack of the Southern Ocean, fringing the Antarctic ice sheet.  The vast bulk of the world’s sea ice forms in the Arctic ocean and the Southern […]

Facts about Seismic Waves for Kids

Seismic waves are waves of energy that travel through the earth, and are a result of an earthquake, explosion, or a volcano that imparts low-frequency acoustic energy. Seismic wave fields are recorded by a seismometer, hydrophone (in water), or accelerometer. Velocity tends to increase with depth, and ranges from approximately 2 to 8 km/s in the Earth’s crust up to […]

Facts About Cyclones For Kids

Cyclones are usually characterized by inward spiraling winds that rotate counterclockwise in the Northern Hemisphere and clockwise in the Southern Hemisphere of the Earth. The largest low-pressure systems are cold-core polar cyclones and extratropical cyclones which lie on the synoptic scale. According to NHC glossary, warm-core cyclones such as tropical cyclones and subtropical cyclones also […]

Facts About Meteorology For Kids

Meteorology is the interdisciplinary scientific study of the atmosphere. Studies in the field stretch back millennia, though significant progress in meteorology did not occur until the 18th century. The 19th century saw breakthroughs occur after observing networks developed across several countries. After the development of the computer in the latter half of the 20th century, […]

Facts about Craters for Kids

A volcanic crater is a circular depression in the ground caused by volcanic activity. It is typically a basin, circular in form within which occurs a vent (or vents) from which magma erupts as gases, lava, and ejecta. During certain types of climactic eruptions, the volcano’s magma chamber may empty enough for an area above it to subside, forming […]

Facts about the Tropical Rain Forests for Kids

Rainforests are forests characterized by high rainfall, with annual rainfall between 98 and 177 in. The monsoon trough, alternatively known as the intertropical convergence zone, plays a significant role in creating the climatic conditions necessary for the Earth’s tropical rainforests. It has been estimated that there may be many millions of species of plants, insects and […]

Facts about Fog for Kids

Fog is a collection of liquid water droplets or ice crystals suspended in the air at or near the Earth’s surface. The term “fog” is typically distinguished from the more generic term “cloud” in that fog is low-lying, and the moisture in the fog is often generated locally (such as from a nearby body of water, like a […]

Facts about Photosynthesis For Kids

  Photosynthesis is a process used by plants and other organisms to convert light energy, normally from the Sun, into chemical energy that can be later released to fuel the organisms’ activities. Although photosynthesis is performed differently by different species, the process always begins when energy from light is absorbed by proteins called reaction centers that contain green […]

Facts about Spring (Season) For Kids

In terms of complete months, in most North Temperate Zone locations, spring months are March, April and May, although differences exist from country to country. In the USA and some other regions in the Northern Hemisphere, the astronomical March equinox (around 21 March) is often taken to mark the first day of spring, and the […]

Earthquakes Causes, Effects and Facts For Kids

In order to understand what earthquakes are, it is important to first understand that the Earth is constructed in a sphere made up of concentric layers. Beginning from the innermost layer of the planet, the inner core, the earth is wrapped in the outer core, the mantle, upper mantle and finally, the crust. It is within the crust, the […]

US Estuaries and their Environmental Challenges

An estuary is a body of land that is surrounded on some sides by sea water, however on other parts of the land that sea water comes in contact with a fresh water river, lake or stream. Estuaries are beautiful areas and popular among tourists, as well as being desirable for permanent residence. What is especially distinct about an estuary is […]

Facts about Bamboo for Kids

Bamboo is a tribe of flowering perennial evergreen plants in the grass family Poaceae, subfamily Bambusoideae, tribe Bambuseae. In bamboos, the internodal regions of the stem are hollow and the vascular bundles in the cross section are scattered throughout the stem instead of in a cylindrical arrangement. The absence of secondary growth wood causes the […]

Mapping the Deep Ocean

Oases of teeming life are found in deep sea volcanic vents of which very few species have been identified. Sea currents control our climate yet that mechanism is unknown. Scientists are certain they could reverse the greenhouse effect with massive doses of iron but fear triggering a new ice age with this drastic act. The […]

Storm Surge Information and Facts

Storm surges are high walls of water that cause significant inland flooding, especially along coastal regions. Typically, storm surges are the result of winds produced by tropical cyclones, severe weather systems characterized by heavy rains and exceptionally powerful winds. Some storm surges are also influenced by low pressure weather systems. Included in the category of […]

Pollution Facts and the Environmental Effects

Pollution can be found on land, in the air, in all bodies of water, and even into the upper atmosphere and space. Quite unfortunately, most of this pollution is due to the impact of humans on earth. Air pollution is caused by factories, automobiles and chemical combustion. Land pollution is caused by pesticides, chemicals, automobiles, garbage and waste. […]

The 10 Deadliest and Biggest Oil Spills In History

Oil spills happen when people make mistakes or are careless and cause an oil tanker to leak oil into the ocean. There are a few more ways an oil spill can occur; when countries are at war, terrorists may cause an oil spill because they will dump oil into a country’s ocean, Illegal dumpers, or Natural disasters […]

What is a Carbon Footprint and How Can I Reduce Mine

The green movement has come to invade our daily lives in recent years. It’s difficult to make it through a day without hearing about a new shampoo that is kind to the environment, a new condominium community that has been given LEED certification, or a biodegradable soda bottle. It’s common to hear a news story […]

Facts about Magma For Kids

Magma is a mixture of molten or semi molten rock, volatiles and solids that is found beneath the surface of the Earth, and is expected to exist on other terrestrial planets. Environments include subduction zones, continental rift zones, mid-ocean ridges and hot spots. Despite being found in such widespread locales, the bulk of the Earth’s crust and mantle is […]

Facts about Igneous Rocks for Kids

Igneous rock is one of the three main rock types, the others being sedimentary and metamorphic rock.Igneous rock is formed through the cooling and solidification of magma or lava. Igneous rock may form with or without crystallization, either below the surface as intrusive (plutonic) rocks or on the surface as extrusive (volcanic) rocks. This magma can be derived from partial melts of pre-existing rocks in either a planet’s mantle or crust. Typically, the melting […]

The Everglades Facts and Wildlife For Kids

The Everglades in the southern portion of Florida is a vital, natural environment that has existed for thousands of years. A Look at the FloridaEverglades reveals the picture of a, “..slow-moving river of marsh and saw grass..” A diverse collection of creatures live in the Evergladesincluding several types of birds, fish, alligators, frogs, turtles, and a whole host of other animals. In addition, there are […]

Facts about Autumn for Kids

Autumn marks the transition from summer into winter, in September (Northern Hemisphere) or March (Southern Hemisphere) when the arrival of night becomes noticeably earlier. The equinoxes might be expected to be in the middle of their respective seasons, but temperature lag (caused by the thermal latency of the ground and sea) means that seasons appear later than dates calculated from a […]

How do hydrodynamics work?

Hydrodynamics is the study of fluids in motion. The term fluid flow is also used. The concept of dynamic movement is inherent in the terminology of hydrokinetics that is likewise used as a description. There are a number of principles that are important within the understanding of how hydrodynamics work. Viscosity is the basis of […]

Facts about Thrust Tectonics

Thrust tectonics or contractional tectonics is concerned with the structures formed, and the tectonic processes associated with, the shortening and thickening of the crust or lithosphere. In areas of thrust tectonics two main styles are recognized; thin-skinned deformation and thick-skinned deformation. The distinction is important as attempts to structurally restore the deformation will give very […]

Facts about The Tropic of Capricorn for Kids

The Tropic of Capricorn, or Southern tropic, marks the most southerly latitude on the Earth at which the Sun can be directly overhead. The Tropic of Capricorn is one of the five major circles of latitude that mark maps of the Earth. It currently (Epoch 2012) lies 23° 26′ 16″ south of the Equator. The Tropic of Capricorn is the […]

Facts about the Jurassic Period for Kids

The Jurassic constitutes the middle period of the Mesozoic Era, also known as the Age of Reptiles. Two extinction events occurred during the period: the Late Pliensbachian/Early Toarcian event in the Early Jurassic, and the Late Tithonian event at the end; however, neither event ranks among the “Big Five” mass extinctions. The Jurassic is named after […]

Facts about the Mediterranean Forests for Kids

Mediterranean forests, woodlands, and scrub biome, as defined by the World Wildlife Fund, are characterized by dry summers and rainy winters. More specifically, it occurs in the world’s five Mediterranean climate zones, on the west coast of continents in the mid-latitudes: the Mediterranean Basin the Chilean Matorral the California chaparral and woodlands ecoregion of California and the Baja California Peninsula the […]

Fact about Winter For Kids

At the winter solstice, the days are shortest and the nights are longest, with days lengthening as the season progresses after the solstice. The Earth is tilted at an angle of 23.44 degrees to the plane of its orbit, and this causes different latitudes on the Earth to directly face the Sun as the Earth moves through its orbit. When it is winter […]

Facts about Monsoons for Kids

Monsoon is traditionally defined as a seasonal reversing wind accompanied by corresponding changes in precipitation, but is now used to describe seasonal changes in atmospheric circulation and precipitation associated with the asymmetric heating of land and sea. Usually, the term monsoon is used to refer to the rainy phase of a seasonally-changing pattern, although technically there […]

Facts about the Continental Crust for Kids

The continental crust is the layer of igneous, sedimentary, and metamorphic rocks which forms the continents and the areas of shallow seabed close to their shores, known as continental shelves. This layer is sometimes called sial because there is more felsic, or granitic, bulk composition, which lies in contrast to the oceanic crust, called sima because of […]

Facts about Ice For Kids

Ice is water, frozen into a solid state. Depending on the presence of impurities such as particles of soil or bubbles of air, it can appear transparent or a more or less opaque bluish-white color. In the Solar System, ice occurs naturally from as close to the Sun as Mercury to as far as the Oort cloud. Beyond the Solar System, it […]

Facts about Sedimentary Rocks for Kids

Sedimentary rocks are types of rock that are formed by the deposition of material at the Earth’s surface and within bodies of water. Sedimentation is the collective name for processes that cause mineral and/or organic particles(detritus) to settle and accumulate or minerals to precipitate from a solution. Before being deposited, sediment was formed by weathering and erosion in a source area, and then transported to […]

Facts about Glaciers for Kids

A glacier is a large persistent body of ice that forms where the accumulation of snow exceeds its ablation over many years, often centuries. At least 0.1 km in area and 50 m thick, but often much larger, a glacier slowly deforms and flows due to stresses induced by its weight. Another consequence of glacier flow is […]

Facts about the San Andreas Fault For Kids

The San Andreas Fault is a continental transform fault that extends roughly 1300 km (810 miles) through California. It forms the tectonic boundary between the Pacific Plate and the North American Plate, and its motion is right-lateral strike-slip. The fault divides into three segments, each with different characteristics and a different degree of earthquake risk, the most […]

Facts about The Yukon for Kids

The territory was created from the rump of the Hudson’s Bay Company’s North-Western Territory in 1898 as “the Yukon”. Receiving royal assent on March 27, 2002, the federal government modernized the Yukon Act to confirm “Yukon”, rather than “Yukon Territory”, as the current usage standard. Though officially bilingual, the Yukon Government also recognizes First Nations […]

Facts about Eurasia for Kids

Located primarily in the Northern and Eastern Hemispheres, Eurasia stretches from the Atlantic Ocean in the west to the Pacific Ocean in the east. In the north, Russia and Scandinavia abut the Arctic Ocean; its southern boundaries are Africa, the Mediterranean Sea, and the Indian Ocean. The division between Europe and Asia as two different continents is a historical and cultural construct, with no clear physical […]

Facts about Sand Dunes for Kids

Dunes occur in different forms and sizes, formed by interaction with the flow of air or water.Most kinds of dunes are longer on the windward side where the sand is pushed up the dune and have a shorter “slip face” in the lee of the wind. A “dune field” is an area covered by extensive […]

The Deadliest Natural Disasters in History

There have been many deadly natural disasters throughout history. Below you will find the top disasters that had the biggest impact and death tole. 1. 1931 China floods Location: China Date: July, November, 1931 Deaths: 1,000,000–4,000,000 The 1931 Central China floods or the Central China floods of 1931 are a series of floods that occurred during the Nanjing decade in the Republic […]

Facts about Gravity For Kids

Gravity or gravitation is a natural phenomenon by which all things with mass are brought towards (or ‘gravitate’ towards) one another including stars, planets, galaxies and even light and sub-atomic particles. Gravity is responsible for the complexity in the universe, by creating spheres of hydrogen, igniting them under pressure to form stars and grouping them into galaxies. Without gravity, the universe would be […]

Facts about Hydroelectric Power For Kids

Hydroelectricity is the term referring to electricity generated by hydropower; the production of electrical power through the use of the gravitational force of falling or flowing water. It is the most widely used form of renewable energy, accounting for 16 percent of global electricity generation – 3,427 terawatt-hours of electricity production in 2010, and is […]

The Oregon Trail History and Facts for Kids

The Oregon Trail was a pathway of about 2100 miles that ran from Independence, Missouri to the western part of the United States. It was first traced by explorers and traders, and was the only practical way for settlers to move livestock, supplies and wagons. The Trail was known by many names. It was called the Oregon Trail, the California Trail, the Platte Trail, and the […]

Facts about Plateaus for Kids

Plateaus can be formed by a number of processes, including upwelling of volcanic magma, extrusion of lava, and erosion by water and glaciers. Plateaus can also be built up by lava spreading outward from cracks and weak areas in the crust. Plateaus can also be formed by the erosional processes of glaciers on mountain ranges, leaving them sitting between […]

How Ocean Waves Are Formed and Facts For Kids

The ocean surface is in continual motion. Waves are the result of disturbance of the water surface; waves themselves represent a restoring force to calm the surface. The standard example is the rock-in-the-pond scenario. The rock provides the disturbing force, and generates waves that radiate outward, eventually losing their momentum and dissipating their energy so […]

Facts about The Continental Shelf for Kids

Much of the continental shelf was exposed during glacial periods, but is now submerged under relatively shallow seas (known as shelf seas) and gulfs, and was almost similarly submerged during other interglacial periods. The continental margin, between the continental shelf and the abyssal plain, comprises a steep continental slope followed by the flatter continental rise. […]

Facts about Rocks or Stones for Kids

In geology, rock or stone is a naturally occurring solid aggregate of one or more minerals or mineraloids. For example, the common rock granite is a combination of the quartz, feldspar and biotite minerals. Rocks have been used by mankind throughout history. At a granular level, rocks are composed of grains of minerals, which, in turn, are homogeneous solids […]

Facts about Highlands for Kids

Generally speaking, the term upland (or uplands) tends to be used for ranges of hills, typically up to 500-600m, and highland (or highlands) for ranges of low mountains. Highland climate is often also used to describe a particular mountain climate, fully termed the highland zone. The highland zone is of relatively low altitude and is […]

Geothermal Energy Pros and Cons

Geothermal energy is the heat from within the earth. The word geothermal comes from the Greek “geo” which means earth and “therme” which means heat. The earth’s core is comprised of two layers. The inner layer is a solid iron center. Surrounding the center is a layer of molten iron estimated to be between 5,000 and 11,000 degrees Fahrenheit. […]

Fjords of North America

Fjords, the long, narrow, very deep inlets from the sea bordered by steep cliffs, were created by glacial activity. They are found along the glacial regions of the northwest coast of the United States and on the British Columbia coast of Canada. Although the fjords of North America generally carry the name of a canal, they are natural bodies of water, not man-made […]

Facts about The Coral Cactus for Kids

The Coral Cactus is not a cactus at all, but a beautiful “Franken-plant” created to tempt ambitious home gardeners; a Eurphorbia lactea crest typically grafted to Euphorbia neriifolia root stock. The showy part of the plant, the section that resembles coral, is called the crest, and is the result of a rare mutation in Euphorbia lactea, favored by horticulturists who […]

Estuaries: Importance and Resources About Their Conservation

An estuary is a body of land that is surrounded by ocean water on some sides, but also comes in contact with a fresh water lake, river, or stream. Estuaries are naturally beautiful and popular places for tourists to visit. What makes estuaries such a unique experience is the distinct and irreplaceable ecosystem that is created in […]

The Magnetosphere: How it Protects the Earth

The Earth’s magnetosphere was discovered in 1958 by Explorer 1. Prior to then, it was known that magnetic storms sometimes occurred because of solar eruptions and that electric currents did, in fact, exist in space. However, no one knew why or how they existed, and the presence of solar wind had not yet been discovered. Project […]

People of the Stone Age Fun Facts and Resources

“Stone Age” is a term used to refer to prehistoric times, beginning when humans started to make tools and weapons that were made of stone. The Bronze Age and the Iron Age followed. The Stone Age is divided into Paleolithic, Mesolithic and Neolithic periods, marking the progressive levels of sophistication found in artifacts and cultural activities. The Paleolithic Age […]

Facts about the Rocky Mountains for Kids

The Rocky Mountains stretch more than 3,000 miles from the northernmost part of British Columbia, in western Canada, to New Mexico, in the southwestern United States. Within the North American Cordillera, the Rockies are somewhat distinct from the Pacific Coast Ranges and the Cascade Range and Sierra Nevada which all lie farther to the west. The Rocky Mountains were formed from […]

Facts about the Paleozoic Era for Kids

The Paleozoic is the earliest of three geologic eras of the Phanerozoic Eon, spanning from roughly 541 to 252.2 million years ago (ICS, 2004). The Paleozoic comes after the Neoproterozoic Era of the Proterozoic Eon, and is followed by the Mesozoic Era. The Cambrian Period witnessed the most rapid and widespread diversification of life in Earth’s […]

Facts about Minerals for Kids

A mineral is a naturally occurring substance, representable by a chemical formula, that is usually solid and inorganic, and has a crystal structure. It is different from a rock, which can be an aggregate of minerals or non-minerals and does not have a specific chemical composition. There are over 5,300 known mineral species; over 5,070 of […]

Facts about the Oceanic Crust For Kids

Oceanic crust is the uppermost layer of the oceanic portion of a tectonic plate. The crust and the solid mantle layer together comprise oceanic lithosphere. Oceanic crust is the result of erupted mantle material originating from below the plate, cooled and in most instances, modified chemically by seawater. This occurs mostly at mid-ocean ridges, but also […]

Facts about The Great Dividing Range for Kids

The Great Dividing Range, or the Eastern Highlands, is Australia’s most substantial mountain range and the third longest land-based range in the world. The range stretches more than 2,175 mi from Dauan Island off the northeastern tip of Queensland, running the entire length of the eastern coastline through New South Wales, then into Victoria and turning west, before finally […]

Facts about the Gulf of Mexico For Kids

The Gulf of Mexico (Spanish: Golfo de México) is an ocean basin largely surrounded by the North American continent and the island of Cuba. It is bounded on the northeast, north and northwest by the Gulf Coast of the United States, on the southwest and south by Mexico, and on the southeast by Cuba. The shape of its basin is roughly oval and […]

Facts about Miles For Kids

The mile of 5,280 feet is also known as the statute mile or land mile to distinguish it from the nautical mile of approximately 6,076 feet. There have also been many historical miles and similar units in other systems that may be translated into English as miles; they have varied in length from 1 to […]

Facts About Tsunamis For Kids and The Largest Tsunamis

Everyone has heard of tsunamis. We all know that it has to do with a large wave in the ocean, and usually when we hear about one, there is widespread panic because of its destructive and deadly capability. According to Merriam-Webster dictionary, a tsunami is “a great sea wave produced especially by submarine earth movement or volcanic eruption. Its etymology […]

The Role Weathering Plays in Earth Science and Soil

The term “weathering” is used to describe the effects of exposure to the environmental forces of air, sun, and water. There are two types of weathers: mechanical and chemical. Mechanical weathering involves physical disintegration, while chemical causes decomposition and changes in the elemental properties of the weathered object. What Does Weathering Do? Both types of weathering […]

Rocks and Mineral Facts Kids

The Merriam-Webster online dictionary defines a mineral as a solid homogeneous crystalline chemical element or compound that results from the inorganic processes of nature. Rocks are more complex. Rocks are solid, inorganic materials that can be made up of one or more minerals. For example: quartz, feldspar and biotite are all minerals. Combined together, these individual minerals form a rock named granite. There are 3 categories scientists […]

Avalanche Facts and Information for Kids

Avalanches are a rapid flow of snow down a slope, from either natural triggers or human activity. Typically occurring in mountainous terrain, an avalanche can mix air and water with the descending snow. Powerful avalanches have the capability to entrain ice, rocks, trees, and other material on the slope. Avalanches are primarily composed of flowing snow, and […]

Facts about Mountains for Kids

A mountain is a large landform that stretches above the surrounding land in a limited area usually in the form of a peak. Mountains erode slowly through the action of rivers, weather conditions, and glaciers. The highest mountain on Earth is Mount Everest in the Himalayas of Asia, whose summit is 29,029 ft above mean sea level. The highest known mountain in the Solar System is […]

Biggest Volcanic Eruptions in the World

Volcanic eruptions are some of the most devastating natural disasters that this world has known. They can reshape land, form islands, or destroy homes and habitats. Below you will find the largest volcanic eruptions that have happened in the world over the last 200 years. Mount Pinatubo When did it erupt: Jun 15, 1991 Mount Pinatubo […]

Thermosphere: Facts, Information, and Resources

Research on the atmosphere began in the ancient world. The fifth-century Greek philosopher Empedocles tried to explain the different elements (earth, air, fire and water) and to account for the formation of the earth, oceans, sun and moon and atmosphere. The thermosphere meaning “heat sphere” is the outer layer of the atmosphere, separated from the mesosphere by the mesopause. Within the thermosphere temperatures […]

Fun Facts about Icebergs for Kids

An iceberg is a large piece of freshwater ice that has broken off a glacier or an ice shelf and is floating freely in open water. The word “iceberg” is a partial loan translation from Dutch ijsberg, literally meaning ice mountain, cognate to Danish Isbjerg, German Eisberg, Low Saxon Iesbarg and Swedish Isberg. Because the density of pure ice is about 920 kg/m³, and that […]

Natural Resources Facts and Resources For Kids

Natural resources are those elements of the environment that are considered valuable to humans. These can be raw materials, such as trees for lumber and ore for manufacturing, or things that are directly consumed, such as groundwater to drink and animals to eat. Natural resources occur naturally within environments that exist relatively undisturbed by mankind, […]

Storm Surge Information and Facts

Storm surges are high walls of water that cause significant inland flooding, especially along coastal regions. Typically, storm surges are the result of winds produced by tropical cyclones, severe weather systems characterized by heavy rains and exceptionally powerful winds. Some storm surges are also influenced by low pressure weather systems. Included in the category of […]

Quick Facts About The Rain Forests Around The World

Tropical rain forests play an important role in the earths ecosystem. Plants found only in the rainforest supply people all over the world with different types of medication. Unfortunately, due to deforestation the tropical rainforests are slowly being destroyed and new plants, trees, and wildlife are not being replenished to offset this destruction. Below are some […]

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