Resources About Geography For Kids

Welcome to Geography on The Free Resource. This section recognizes that Geography is an evolving, interdisciplinary subject that studies the dynamic, ever-changing earth and its inhabitants, and highlights it accordingly.

Maps are associated with geography but the study of geography involves much more than maps. The section on geography explores the four traditions of the discipline: human geography (e.g. regional, urban, cultural, and historical); physical geography (e.g. landforms, climates); biogeography (e.g. biogeography of islands); and maps (e.g. cartography, GIS).

Facts about The Cliffs of Dover for Kids

The White Cliffs of Dover are cliffs which form part of the English coastline facing the Strait of Dover and France. The cliffs are part of the North Downs formation. The cliff face, which reaches up to 350 feet (110 m), owes its striking façade to its composition of chalk accentuated by streaks of black flint. […]

Facts About The South Pole For Kids

The South Pole is the southernmost point on the surface of the Earth and lies on the opposite side of the Earth from the North Pole. Situated on the continent of Antarctica, it is the site of the United States Amundsen-Scott South Pole Station, which was established in 1956 and has been permanently staffed since that year. The Geographic South Pole should not […]

Facts About Central America For Kids

Central America is the central geographic region of the Americas. It is the southernmost, isthmian portion of the North American continent, which connects with South America on the southeast. Central America is part of the Mesoamerican biodiversity hotspot, which extends from northern Guatemala through central Panama. It is bordered by Mexico to the north, the […]

Facts About The North Pole For Kids

The North Pole, also known as the Geographic North Pole or Terrestrial North Pole, is, subject to the caveats explained below, defined as the point in the Northern Hemisphere where theEarth’s axis of rotation meets its surface. It should not be confused with the North Magnetic Pole. The North Pole is the northernmost point on Earth, lying […]

Facts About The Equator For Kids

An equator is the intersection of a sphere’s surface with the plane perpendicular to the sphere’s axis of rotation and containing the sphere’s center of mass. Notably, the Equator refers to the Earth’s equator, per above: an imaginary line on the Earth’s surface equidistant from the North Pole and South Pole, dividing the Earth into […]

Facts About The Sahara Desert For Kids

The Sahara is the world’s hottest desert, the third largest desert after Antarctica and the Arctic.The Sahara stretches from the Red Sea, including parts of the Mediterranean coasts, to the outskirts of the Atlantic Ocean. To the south, it is delimited by the Sahel, a belt of semi-arid tropical savanna that composes the northern region of central and western Sub-Saharan Africa. The […]

Fun Facts About Deserts For Kids

A desert is defined as an area that does not receive a high amount of annual precipitation, resulting in the inability for plant and animal life to thrive on its ground. A common misconception about deserts is that they are always hot, sandy, dry areas. This is not, however, the case. Deserts can be cold […]

Facts about the 7 Continents For Kids

A continent is a large landmasses on Earth. The seven continents are: Asia, Africa, North America, South America, Antarctica, Europe, and Australia. Below you will find facts about the 7 continents for kids, and links to more facts. Geologically, the continents largely correspond to areas of continental crust that are found on the continental plates. However, some areas […]

Antarctica Facts For Kids

Antarctica is Earth’s southernmost continent, containing the geographic South Pole. It is situated in the Antarctic region of the Southern Hemisphere, almost entirely south of the Antarctic Circle, and is surrounded by the Southern Ocean. Antarctica is nearly twice the size of Australia. Antarctica, on average, is the coldest, driest, and windiest continent, and has the highest average elevation of all the continents. Antarctica is […]

Facts and List of Countries in The European Union

The European Union started on May 9, 1950. Because of this, May 9 is celebrated annually as Europe Day. The first agreement establishing the European Economic Community was signed in 1957 by six countries: Belgium, Germany, France, Italy, Luxembourg and the Netherlands. There are 29 countries that now make up the European Union – they […]

Top 100 Biggest Counties By Population

China: 1,376,048,940 India: 1,311,050,530 United States: 325,843,650 Indonesia: 257,563,820 Brazil: 207,847,530 Pakistan: 188,924,870 Nigeria: 182,201,960 Bangladesh: 160,995,640 Russia: 143,456,920 Japan: 126,573,480 Mexico: 126,017,220 Philippines: 100,699,400 Ethiopia: 99,390,750 Vietnam: 93,447,600 Egypt: 91,508,080 Germany: 80,688,540 Iran: 79,109,270 Turkey: 78,665,830 Democratic Republic of the Congo: 77,266,810 Thailand: 67,959,360 France: 67,241,030 United Kingdom: 64,715,810 Italy: 59,797,680 Myanmar: 54,897,150 South […]

Top 100 Smallest Countries By Area (Square Mile)

Along with the big countries, there are many small independent states, and some are so tiny that they are called microstates. Below you will find a list of the smallest counties by Square Mile.   Vatican City: 0.17 Monaco: 0.78 Nauru: 8.1 Tuvalu: 10 San Marino: 24 Liechtenstein: 62 Marshall Islands: 70 Saint Kitts and […]

Top 100 Largest Countries By Area (Square Mile)

The 10 largest ones are more or less known to everybody. But more interesting would be to explore the list of top 100 represented below. This represents the top 100 largest countries in square mile Russia: 6,601,668 Canada: 3,855,100 United States: 3,805,943 China: 3,705,407 Brazil: 3,287,957 Australia: 2,988,902 India: 1,269,219 Argentina: 1,073,518 Kazakhstan: 1,052,090 Algeria: […]

Facts about Eastern Europe For Kids

There are “almost as many definitions of Eastern Europe as there are scholars of the region”. One definition describes Eastern Europe as a cultural (and econo-cultural) entity: the region lying in Europe with main characteristics consisting in Byzantine, Orthodox, and some Turco-Islamic influences. Another definition was created during the Cold War and used more or less synonymously with the term Eastern […]

Facts about the Gaza Strip for Kids

From 2007, the Gaza Strip is de-facto governed by Hamas, a Palestinian faction claiming to be the legitimate representatives of the Palestinian National Authority and the Palestinian People. From 2012, Gaza Strip is recognized by the UN as part of the State of Palestine and is claimed by the Palestinian government in Ramallah; however implementation of Palestinian […]

Facts about The Caribbean for Kids

Comprised of approximately 7000 islands and the nations of Central and South America that border the Caribbean Sea, the Caribbean is a region of rich history.   The Caribbean is a region consisting of the Caribbean Sea, its islands, and the surrounding coasts. The region is located southeast of the Gulf of Mexico and North America, east of Central America, and to the […]

Facts about Asia for Students and Kids

Asia is the world’s largest and most populous continent, located primarily in the eastern and northern hemispheres. It covers 8.7% of the Earth’s total surface area and with approximately 3.9 billion people, it hosts 60% of the world’s current human population. Asia is generally defined as comprising the eastern four-fifths of Eurasia. It is located to the […]

Facts about the Iberian Peninsula for Kids

The Iberian Peninsula, commonly called Iberia, is the third-largest European peninsula; it is located in the extreme southwest of the continent. There are three countries in it: Spain, Portugal, and Andorra, as well as a part of France and the British Overseas Territory of Gibraltar. The Iberian Peninsula is the westernmost of the three major southern European peninsulas—the Iberian, […]

Facts About The Tropic of Cancer for Kids

The Tropic of Cancer, also referred to as the Northern tropic, is the circle of latitude on the Earth that marks the most northerly position at which the Sun may appear directly overhead at its zenith. This event occurs once per year, at the time of the June solstice, when the Northern Hemisphere is tilted toward the Sun to its […]

Facts about the Bermuda Triangle for Kids

The triangle doesn’t exist according to the US Navy and the name is not recognized by the US Board on Geographic Names. The area is one of the most heavily traveled shipping lanes in the world, with ships crossing through it daily for ports in the Americas, Europe, and the Caribbean Islands. It is also a heavily flown route for […]

Facts about The West Indies For Kids

The West Indies is a region of the Caribbean Basin and North Atlantic Ocean that includes the many islands and island nations of the Antilles and the Lucayan Archipelago. After the first of the voyages of Christopher Columbus to the Americas, Europeans began to use the misnomer West Indies to differentiate that region from the Indies. From the 17th through the 19th century, the European colonial territories […]

Facts about North America For Kids

North America is a continent wholly within the Northern Hemisphere and almost wholly within the Western Hemisphere.It is bordered to the north by the Arctic Ocean, to the east by the Atlantic Ocean, to the west and south by the Pacific Ocean, and to the southeast by South America and the Caribbean Sea. North America covers an […]

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