Resources About Government For Kids

A government is the system or group of people governing an organized community, often a state. In the case of its broad associative definition, government normally consists of legislature, executive, and judiciary.

Facts about Voting Rights Act For Kids

On July 27, 2006, President George W. Bush signed the Fannie Lou Hamer, Rosa Parks, and Coretta Scott King Voting Rights Reauthorization and Amendments Act of 2006 into law. That act extended several key but nonpermanent parts of the Voting Rights Act (VRA) of 1965 and its subsequent amendments. The renewal was preceded by debates about whether the […]

Facts about the Virginia Company For Kids

Virginia Company, name of two English colonizing companies, chartered by King James I in 1606. By the terms of the charter, the Virginia Company of London (see London Company) was given permission to plant a colony 100 mi (160 km) square between lat. 34°N and lat. 41°N; the Virginia Company of Plymouth (see Plymouth Colony), […]

Facts About The Yalta Conference For Kids

Overview In 1945, the “Big Three” of World War II—Franklin D. Roosevelt, Winston S. Churchill, and Joseph Stalin—had not met since December 1943. Because of Allied landings in France and the Soviet thrust across Poland and into Germany, by the summer of 1944 a second meeting of the three men was deemed necessary. But arguments […]

Facts About The Yorktown Campaign For Kids

Overview On 19 October 1781, American and French troops forced the surrender of a sizeable British army at Yorktown, a decisive victory that reversed the war’s momentum, and proved to be the last major engagement of the Revolutionary War. Facts for Kids about the Yorktown Campaign Yorktown campaign, 1781, the closing military operations of the American […]

Facts about Youth Movements For Kids

Overview Youth movements have played an important role in Middle Eastern politics and society. Until the late nineteenth century, the defense of neighborhoods was frequently ensured by futuwwa and other informal associations of young men operating as local militias. These “gangs” provided internal order and protection against outside threats and were often engaged in welfare […]

Facts about the XYZ Affair For Kids

Overview: XYZ Affair (1797–98) Diplomatic incident that strained US relations with France. President John Adams sent three representatives to renegotiate the French-US alliance of 1778, which had given way to hostility after the signing of Jay’s Treaty (1794). Three French agents, known as X, Y and Z, demanded bribes and a loan before negotiations began, […]

Facts About UFOs for Kids

Some UFO sightings can be explains though careful scientific analysis, yet others have no answers. Below you will find a list of UFO sightings, where they happened, and a short description of each incident. There are many debates about UFOs; are they real, are they government cover-ups, are they people’s minds playing tricks on them, […]

The US Army History and Facts For Kids

The Army’s proud history goes back to the beginning rumblings of our nation when the states were colonies. The first soldiers were part of the Massachusetts Bay Colony militia. These militia regiments spread as more were founded and primarily fought various Native American tribes during several early wars, such as King Philip’s War from 1675-1676. They also fought in support of […]

List of the Chief Justices In The Order They Served

The Supreme Court of the United States is the highest judicial body in the United States. The justices are nominated by the President of the United States and appointed after confirmation by the United StatesSenate. Justices of the Supreme Court have life tenure and receive a salary which is currently set at $223,500 per year for the chief justice and at $213,900 per year for each associate justice. The Supreme […]

NAFTA Information and Facts For Kids

The North American Free Trade Agreement, referred to as NAFTA, is the most comprehensive regional trade agreement ever negotiated by the United States. Entered into January1, 1994, NAFTA was designed to remove tariff barriers between the United States, Canada, and Mexico over a fifteen year time span. Two important side agreements were also a part of NAFTA – environmental and labor issues […]

Watergate Scandal Facts and Historical Timeline

Watergate is one of the most well known government corruption scandals in history. Who was involved in the Watergate scandal? Watergate involved some of the highest ranking officers, government officials, and government agencies including the CIA and President Nixon. Below you will find a timeline of the Watergate scandal that will answer questions such as; what year did Watergate happen?, who was involved in Watergate?, what happened during Watergate?, and what caused the Watergate scandal?. There are […]

Stamp Act Facts For Kids

A stamp act is any legislation that requires a tax to be paid on the transfer of certain documents. Those that pay the tax receive an official stamp on their documents, making them legal documents. The items often have to be physically stamped at approved government offices following payment of the duty, although methods involving […]

Importance Of The Free Enterprise System

Historically, the free enterprise economy was described by the French term “laissez-faire,” which means “leave it alone.” The laissez-faire message was a call to governments to stay out of market affairs and give private businesses a free rein. Coined originally by Adam Smith, an 18th century Scotsman, the laissez-faire economic theory became the foundation of […]

Gettysburg Address Facts For Kids

The Gettysburg Address is a speech by U.S. President Abraham Lincoln, considered one of the most well-known in American history. It was delivered by Lincoln during the American Civil War, on the afternoon of Thursday, November 19, 1863, at the dedication of the Soldiers’ National Cemetery in Gettysburg, Pennsylvania, four and a half months after […]

Countries That Use The Proportional Representation System

Proportional representation is a system of government in which representatives to the governing body (parliament, senate, congress etc.) are elected in accordance with the proportion of votes the candidates or their respective political party receive. A number of different proportional representation systems are in existence. All are based on the same premise, that a party receives […]

Facts about the Prague Spring

It began on 5 January 1968, when reformist Alexander Dubček was elected First Secretary of the Communist Party of Czechoslovakia (KSČ), and continued until 21 August when the Soviet Union and other members of the Warsaw Pact invaded the country to halt the reforms. The Prague Spring reforms were a strong attempt by Dubček to grant additional rights to the citizens of Czechoslovakia in an act of […]

Labor Unions In America History, Pros and Cons

Unions are recognized today as the legal representatives of workers in many industries. Unions have been a part of the American workplace since colonial times. Unions that existed in Europe at the time of the original settlers did make their way over to America. A brief look at the history of unions reveals how unions gained in […]

Chinese Communist Party History and Facts

Founded: July 1, 1921 (1st Party Congress) August 1920 (de facto) Headquarters: Zhongnanhai, Beijing Youth wing :Communist Youth League of China Membership (2009): 77,995,000 Ideology: Marxism-Leninism Mao Zedong Thought Socialism with Chinese characteristics Three Represents Scientific Development Concept History of the CCP The seeds for the establishment of the Chinese Communist party were sown on May 4, 1919 when a student demonstration in Beijing […]

US Navy History, Facts and Resources

The Navy has been a part of the United States since October 13, 1775. Their long history can be divided into periods: the Old Navy and the New Navy. The Old Navy was a small, but respected force of ships. They were most noted for their use of ironclads during the American Civil War. Modernization led to the New […]

Facts about Socialism

Socialism is a range of economic and social systems characterized by social ownership and democratic control of the means of production, as well as the political ideologies, theories, and movements that aim at their establishment. Although there are many varieties of socialism and there is no single definition encapsulating all of them, social ownership is […]

The Roosevelt Corollary: History and Resources

The Roosevelt corollary was an extension of the Monroe Doctrine, which was issued by president James Monroe on December 2, 1983, during his seventh State of the Union address in from of the American Congress. To thoroughly understand how the Roosevelt corollary, it is crucial to understand The Monroe Doctrine. The Monroe Doctrine stated the basic foreign policy of the United States, […]

Facts about the United States Electoral College For Kids

The United States Electoral College is the institution that officially elects the President and Vice President of the United States every four years. Electors are apportioned to each state and the District of Columbia (also known as Washington, D.C.), but not to territorial possessions of the United States. The number of electors in each state is equal to the number of members […]

The Declaration of Independence: A Lesson in Logic

The Fourth of July offers Americans a great opportunity to go back to this nation’s source, The Declaration of Independence. It was in that most consequential of American documents that these unforgettable principles of American values were published: All men are created equal and are endowed with the rights of life, liberty and the pursuit of happiness. […]

List of NATO Countries and Facts for Kids

The North Atlantic Treaty Organization also called the (North) Atlantic Alliance, or NATO is an intergovernmental military alliance based on the North Atlantic Treaty which was signed on 4 April 1949. The organization constitutes a system of collective defense whereby its member states agree to mutual defense in response to an attack by any external party. NATO’s headquarters are in Brussels, Belgium, […]

Facts about a Senate for Kids

A senate is a deliberative assembly, often the upper house or chamber of a legislature or parliament. There have been many such bodies in history, since senate means the assembly of the eldest and wiser members of the society and ruling class. Many countries currently have an assembly named a senate, composed of senators who […]

History of the US Marine Corps

The US Marines is one of the branches of the US Military which include the Army, Navy, Air force and Marines and the latest one is considered to be the smaller branch within the department of Defense. However, the size has not been an issue when it comes to the challenges and hardships that this branch […]

Fact about Submarines for Kids

Submarines differ from a submersible, which has more limited underwater capability.The term submarine most commonly refers to a large crewed autonomous vessel. The adjective submarine, in terms such as submarine cable, means “under the sea”. However, historically or colloquially, submarine can also refer to medium-sized or smaller vessels (midget submarines, wet subs), remotely operated vehicles or […]

Facts about the Labour Party (UK) for Kids

The Labour Party is a centre-left political party in the United Kingdom, and one of the two main British political parties along with the Conservative Party. The Labour Party was founded in 1900 and overtook the Liberal Party in general elections during the early 1920s, forming minority governments under Ramsay MacDonald in 1924 and 1929–1931. The […]

Facts for Kids about Marxism–Leninism Ideology

Marxism–Leninism remains the official ideology of the ruling parties of China, Cuba, Laos, and Vietnam, and was the official ideology of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union (CPSU) and the other ruling parties making up the Eastern Bloc. Marxism–Leninism first became a distinct philosophical movement in the Soviet Union during the 1920s, when Joseph Stalin and his supporters gained control of the […]

Facts about the Coast Guard for Kids

A coast guard or coastguard is a maritime security organization of a particular country. The term implies widely different responsibilities in different countries, from being a heavily armed military force with customs and security duties to being a volunteer organization tasked with search and rescue functions and lacking any law enforcement powers. However, a typical […]

Facts about The Department of the Treasury (DoT) for Kids

The Department of the Treasury (DoT) is an executive department and the treasury of the United States federal government. It was established by an Act of Congress in 1789 to manage government revenue. Besides the Secretary, one of the best-known Treasury officials is the Treasurer of the United States whose signature, along with the Treasury Secretary’s, appears on all […]

National Weather Service History and Resources For Kids

US Dept of Commerce National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration National Weather Service 1325 East West Highway Silver Spring, MD 20910 When was the National Weather Service Founded? The first national united states weather bureau was founded around 1870. Its mission was to make meteorological observations throughout different states and territories. One of its purposes was to send out […]

Fun Facts About The Articles of Confederation for Kids

The Articles of Confederation, formally the Articles of Confederation and Perpetual Union, was an agreement among the 13 founding states that established the United States of America as a confederation of sovereign states and served as its first constitution. Its drafting by the Continental Congress began in mid 1776, and an approved version was sent to the […]

Facts about The Monroe Doctrine For Kids

The Monroe Doctrine was a U.S. foreign policy regarding domination of the American continent in 1823.It stated that further efforts by European nations to colonize land or interfere with states in North or South America would be viewed as acts of aggression, requiring U.S. intervention.The doctrine noted that the United States would neither interfere with existing European […]

Facts about the Treaty of Versailles for Kids

The Treaty of Versailles was one of the peace treaties at the end of World War I. It ended the state of war between Germany and the Allied Powers.  The treaty was registered by the Secretariat of the League of Nations on 21 October 1919, and was printed in The League of Nations Treaty Series. The other Central Powers on […]

List of Amendments to the Constitution

This is a complete list of all the amendments to the United States Constitution. How many changes or amendments are there to the constitution? Twenty-seven amendments have been ratified since the original signing of the Constitution, the first ten of which are known collectively as the Bill of Rights. Below you will find a list of the […]

List of Third World Countries and Facts for Kids

The term Third World arose during the Cold War to define countries that remained non-aligned with either NATO, or the Communist Bloc. Due to many of the “Third World countries” being extremely poor, it became a stereotype such that people commonly refer to poor countries as “third world countries”. Over the last few decades, the term Third World […]

Facts about The Manhattan Project for Kids

The Manhattan Project was a research and development program by the United States with the United Kingdom and Canada, that produced the first atomic bomb during World War 2. From 1942 to 1946, the project was under the direction of Major General Leslie Groves of the US Army Corps of Engineers. The Army component of the project was designated the Manhattan District; “Manhattan” gradually […]

Facts about the Communist Party

A communist party is a political party that advocates the application of the social and economic principles of communism through state policy. According to Leninist theory, a Communist party is the vanguard party of the working class (Proletariat), whether ruling or non-ruling, but when such a party is in power in a specific country, the […]

Glossary of Common Stock Market Terms

The following is a listing of terms, all starting with the word “stock” and used in stock market exchanges. It is an indispensable resource for the potential investor as well as those who are unsure what the stock market is all about. Stock – Ownership of a business entity (corporation) indicated by shares, which represent a […]

What is the Geneva Convention’s definition of torture?

More than two-thirds of the world’s countries are parties to the 1987 United Nations Convention against Torture and Other Cruel, Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment. Because parties to this treaty are required to appear periodically to assess compliance before the Committee against Torture based in Geneva, Switzerland, this treaty became known as the Geneva […]

Asbestos: Health Risk, Standards, and Protection

Asbestos is a naturally occurring silicone mineral that was used frequently in construction in the 19th century because it was very resistant to heat, electricity, and chemical damage. OSHA Standards Since finding out the extreme health threat in the later part of the 20th century, the government came up with the OSHA standards . OSHA stands for […]

Facts about Abolitionism For Kids

Overview A term associated with protest on grounds of inhumanity and call for the abolition of: first, slavery and, more recently, prisons and imprisonment. The latter stance developed within Scandinavian criminology but has since been taken up within wider critical criminology. Abolitionists argue that prisons are ineffective, their justification untenable, and their violations of human […]

The United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO)

The United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) is a specialized agency of the United Nations established on Nov. 16, 1945, by 37 countries. As defined by its constitution, the purpose of UNESCO is “to contribute to peace and security by promoting collaboration among nations through education, science and culture in order to further […]

Woodrow Wilson’s 14 Points Speech Simplified And Summarized

In this January 8, 1918, address to Congress, President Woodrow Wilson proposed a 14-point program for world peace. These points were later taken as the basis for peace negotiations at the end World War I. He believed the enactment of these would form the basis for a just, lasting peace. The address was intended to […]

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