The New Testament is the second major division of the Christian Bible or Sacred Scripture, the first division being the Old Testament. The New Testament deals with Christianity including the birth, ministry, death and resurrection of Jesus Christ, and the spread of Christianity worldwide. In modern times, the Bible has not only been used in Christian Theology and other learning resource study and map resources but has influenced other areas of disciplines, from literature, art and music, to philosophical and political movements in the Christian world.
The New Testament is a collection of works written at different times by various authors. By Christian tradition, and numerous versions, the New Testament consists of 27 books with original texts written starting c.50 A.D. Related texts such the Gospels of Matthew, Mark, Luke and John, and the letters (or epistles) of the Apostle Paul joined with other collections to form various Scripture of Christian canons.
1. Book of Matthew
It is the 1st book of the New Testament and the 1st book of the Four Gospels, consisting of 28 chapters. It includes the birth of Christ, his ministry, and resurrection.
2. Book of Mark
It is the 2nd book of the New Testament and the 2nd book of the Four Gospels, consisting of 16 chapters. It includes the preaching of John the Baptist, life of Jesus Christ until his resurrection, and appearance to his followers.
3. Book of Luke
It is the 3rd book of the New Testament and the 3rd book of the Four Gospels, consisting of 24 chapters. It includes the birth of John the Baptist, the birth and ministry of Christ, until death and ascension.
4. Book of John
It is the 4th book of the New Testament and the 4th book of the Four Gospels, consisting of 21 chapters. The book includes the preaching of John the Baptist announcing Christ’s coming, the life and times of Jesus until his death and appearance to his disciples.
5. Book of Acts – The Acts of the Apostles
It is the fifth book of the New Testament and the second book written by Luke. It consists 28 chapters. The “good news” or message implies all about Jesus – from his coming to earth, his teachings & the miracles, his death and resurrection, to his ascencion.
6. Book of Romans – Letter of Apostle Paul to the Romans
It is the 6th book of the New Testament, consisting of 16 chapters. It was written by Paul to the Church of Rome. Paul mainly wrote his letter in this book to introduce himself to the Romans, his message being to preach the “good news” about Jesus Christ to the church of Rome.
7. Book of 1 Corinthians – The First Letter of Apostle Paul to the Corinthians
It is the 7th book of the New Testament, consisting 16 chapters. Most of the followers in Corinth were poor people. While Paul was in Corinth, he worked as a tentmaker to earn a living. The famous Chapter 13, referred to as the “love chapter” of the Bible, and summarizes the ideal “Christian Love.”
8. Book of 2 Corinthians – The Second Letter of Apostle Paul to the Corinthians
It is the 8th book of the New Testament, consisting of 13 chapters. Paul continues to answer the concerns of the Christians in Corinth.
9. Book of Galatians – The Letter of Apostle Paul to the Galatians
It is the 9th book of the New Testament, consisting of six chapters. Paul makes his message clear: that he is a true apostle of God preaching the good news and that faith in the Lord is the only way to be saved.
10. Book of Ephesians – The Letter of Apostle Paul to the Ephesians
It is the 10th book of the New Testament, consisting of 6 chapters. Paul reminds the Christians in Ephesus that Christ died on the cross to set people free and talks about God’s eternal plan.
11. Book of Philippians – The Letter of Apostle Paul to the Philippians
It is 11th book of the New Testament, consisting of four chapters. Paul preached about Christ and warned the Christians that they may have to suffer, just a Jesus suffered, but they should continue in faith. He was in jail while writing this.
12. Book of Colossians – The Letter of Apostle Paul to the Colossians
It is the 12th book of the New Testament, consisting of four chapters. Paul, who has never been to Colossae is happy to learn that the Christians there have strong faith.
13. Book of 1 Thessalonians – The First Letter of Apostle Paul to the Thessalonians
It is the 13th book of the New Testament, consisting of five chapters. Paul stimulates the Christians of Thessalonica to continue in their faith. He pioneered the church there while also supporting himself.
14. Book of 2 Thessalonians – The Second Letter of Apostle Paul to the Thessalonians
It is the 14th book of the New Testament, consisting 3 chapters. Paul follows-up his first letter to the church in Thessalonica, warning them against laziness and to stand firm in their faith.
15. Book of 1 Timothy – The First Epistle of Apostle Paul to Timothy
It is the 15th book of the New Testament, consisting of six chapters. The letter is personally addressed by Paul to Timothy, but it covers his concerns for the Christian church. Timothy travelled and worked with Paul, and he treated Timothy like a son.
16. Book of 2 Timothy – The Second Letter of Apostle Paul to Timothy
It is the 16th book of the New Testament, consisting of four chapters. This letter to Timothy is personal. Paul wants him to be steadfast and a good soldier for Christ.
17. Book of Titus – The Letter of Apostle Paul to Titus
It is the 17th book of the New Testament, consisting of three chapters. Titus worked with Paul in Asia Minor and Greece. In his letter, Paul instructs Titus to ensure that in Crete, the church leaders have good reputations and for the followers of Christ to keep peace with each other as God has already saved them.
18. Book of Philemon – The Letter of Apostle Paul to Philemon
It is the 18th book of the New Testament, consisting of only one chapter, and a personal letter to Philemon, a rich man who owned slaves. He used his large house for Christians’ church meetings. Paul mentions one of the slaves of Philemon, Onesimus. Paul is writing from prison on behalf of Onesimus, who has run away from slavery and has become Paul’s friend. He has also become a Christian. Paul is encouraging Philemon to be friends with Onesimus.
19. Book of Hebrews – The Epistle to the Hebrews
It is the 19th book of the New Testament, consisting of 13 chapters. The letter is written to answer questions about the greatness of Jesus and his importance. Both Jews and Gentiles, questioned the religion of early Christians, and were looking for evidence whether Jesus was genuine or not. Traditionally, it has been credited to the apostle Paul. However, the letter is anonymous. Many modern scholars believe that the author was not Paul.
20. Book of James – The Letter of James
It is the 20th book of the New Testament, consisting five chapters. It is the letter of James addressed to Christians throughout the Roman Empire. Faith to James means to work for God. He also stresses the importance of action.
21. Book of 1 Peter – The First Letter of Peter
It is the 21st book of the New Testament, consisting of 5 chapters. This letter talks about suffering as a way of serving God, sharing the faith, and test from God. At that time, many of the Christians were suffering unfair treatments from people who did not believe in Christ and his teachings.
22. Book of 2 Peter – The Second Letter of Peter
It is the 22nd book of the New Testament, consisting of three chapters. Peter says that Christians must live a life that pleases God. He admonishes them to be careful of false prophets and teachers that try to mislead people and try to dissuade them from following Christ. He also warns people to practice self-control and patience, and to show respect and love for God and to others.
23. Book of 1 John – The First Letter of John
It is the 23rd book of the New Testament, consisting of five chapters. John wants Christians to keep in mind that when we tell God about our sins, he will surely forgive us and take our sins away. The true test of faith is love for each other.
24. Book of 2 John – The Second Letter of John
It is the 24th book of the New Testament, consisting of only one short chapter. The letter is addressed to the chosen lady and her children. John stresses the importance of love in the Christian way of life and warns believers to watch out that they don’t lose what they have worked hard for, that truth and love must go hand in hand. Like Jesus who showed it, Christians must also love one another.
24. Book of 3 John – The Third Letter of John
It is the 25th book of the New Testament, and like the second letter of John, it also consists of only one short chapter. The letter is addressed to a friend, Gaius, an important church member. Gaius has been helpful, preaching about Christ. The letter follows-up on the importance of working together and supporting each other.
26. Book of Jude – The Letter of Jude
It is the 26th book of the New Testament, consisting of only one chapter. Jude is the brother of James (brother of Jesus, son of Mary), making him also a brother of Jesus. Jude warns Christian of false teachers and directs them how they can succeed in spiritual warfare. He ends his letter with the famous doxology and prayer-like blessing, used as benediction in Protestant services. (Resource: Holy Bible, New International Version, Hodder and Stoughton): “To him who is able to keep you from falling and to present you before his glorious presence without fault and with great joy – to the only God our Savior be glory, majesty, power and authority, through Jesus Christ our Lord, before all ages, now and for evermore!”
27. Book of Revelation – The Revelation of Jesus Christ
It is the 27th and the last book of the New Testament, and the Bible, consisting of 22 chapters, considered as written by John, signified in the first chapter, first verse. It includes the prophecy from what John had seen in a vision of the Lord and letters to the seven churches, about God’s message, including the final judgment when God’s enemies are defeated and Christ will return to claim the faithful ones.