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Devon Island, claimed to be the largest uninhabited island on Earth, is located in Baffin Bay, Qikiqtaaluk Region, Nunavut, Canada. It is one of the larger members of the Canadian Arctic Archipelago, the second-largest of the Queen Elizabeth Islands, Canada’s sixth largest island, and the 27th largest island in the world.
- Devon Island contains several small mountain ranges, such as the Treuter Mountains, Haddington Range and the Cunningham Mountains.
- Robert Bylot and William Baffin were the first Europeans to sight the island in 1616.
- William Edward Parry charted its south coast in 1819-20, and named it North Devon, after Devon, England, a name which was changed to Devon Island by the end of the 1800s.
- The collapse of fur prices led to the dispersal of 53 Baffin Island Inuit families on the islandin 1934.
- Because of its relatively high elevation and its extreme northern latitude, it supports only a meagre population of musk oxen and small birds and mammals; the island does support hypolith communities.
- Animal life is concentrated in the Truelove Lowland area of the island, which has a favourable microclimate and supports relatively lush Arctic vegetation.
- Devon Island is also notable for the presence of the Haughton impact crater, created some 39 million years ago when a meteorite about 1.2 mi in diameter crashed into what were then forests.
- The Devon Island Research Station was established in 1960 and it is maintained by the Arctic Institute of North America.
- In July 2004, Devon Island became the temporary home for five scientists and two journalists, who were to use the Mars-like environment to simulate living and working on the Red Planet.
- On July 16, 2013, the Canadian Space Agency assigned Canadian astronaut Jeremy Hansen to a secondment with the Centre for Planetary Science and Exploration of the University of Western Ontario at Haughton Crater in preparation for a potential future manned exploration of Mars, the Moon or the asteroids.
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