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Job was about as close to perfect as you could get and still be human. He loved God. He loved people. He used his great wealth and wisdom to help people. Then disaster struck. His wealth, his ten children and his health were all taken away.
Quick Facts about Job
- Job is considered a prophet in the Abrahamic religions: Judaism, Christianity, and Islam.
- God rewards Job’s obedience during his travails by restoring his health, doubling his original wealth and giving him seven new sons and three new daughters, which bore his great grandchildren before he died, 140 years later.
- God removed Job’s protection, allowing Satan to take his wealth, his children, and his physical health in order to test Job’s character.
- Most of the book consists of a debate between Job and his three friends concerning Job’s condition; they argue whether it was justified, and they debate solutions to his problems.
- The Lord then appears to Job and his friends out of a whirlwind, saying, among many other things, “Who is this that darkeneth counsel by words without knowledge?
- By staying silent before God, Job stresses the point that he understood that his affliction was (God’s Will) even though he despaired at not knowing why.
- He is discussed as a prophet in the Quran.
- He is also mentioned in the Doctrine and Covenants, one of the four sacred texts of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (LDS Church).
- The episode is mentioned in the Talmud (Tractate Sotah): Balaam gives evil advice urging Pharaoh to kill the Hebrew male new-born babies; Jethro opposes Pharaoh and tells him not to harm the Hebrews at all, and Job keeps silent and does not reveal his mind even though he was personally opposed to Pharaoh’s destructive plans.
- Christianity accepts the genesis of Job as canon in the Old Testament and thus contains the same information regarding Job as discussed above in the Hebrew Bible.
- Similar to the Hebrew Bible narrative, Islamic tradition mentions that Satan heard the angels of God speak of Job as being the most faithful man of his generation.
- God allowed Satan to afflict Job with distress and intense illness and suffering, as God knew that Job would never turn away from his Lord.
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