Some people see Australia as a totally different world. This is because it is somewhat isolated. As a result of the geographical location the people as well as the wildlife have developed some unique characteristics that made them unique. However, the country has some very interesting facts. For example, the oldest skeleton was found in the country and it was more than 40,000 years old. Although it is the sixth largest country in the world it has one of the lowest population densities in the world. This is probably due to the fact that 3/4 of the country is not habitable. Also, if you ever want to see a kangaroo, Australia is their only home.
There are some very interesting, fun facts about this unique country. One of these is that the British started to settle in the country in the latter 1700’s. This was basically done in order to have an area where they could send their prisoners. It is estimated that about 25 per cent of the current population of Australia are direct descendants of the convicts who were sent there. It is estimated that Britain sent approximately 160,000 convicts to Australia during a span of 80 years. The first convicts arrived, by ship, in 1777. This might be the reason why the first police force in Australia was made up of 12 people. These 12 people were the best behaved convicts. Even so, today the country has one of the lowest homicide rates in the world with 1.8 for every 100,000 people compared to 6.3 per cent per 100,000 in the United States.
The city of Melbourne, established in 1835, had several founders. One of them was named John Batman. He had the city named after him and it was then known at ‘Batmania.’ Melbourne was also the first site of the first gay and lesbian radion station in the world. It was established in 1993 and it was known as ‘Joy Radio.’
There are some interesting facts about Australia’s flora and fauna. It boasts more than 700 different species of reptiles. It also is home to the most amount of venomous snakes. The country is home to about 6,000 different types of flies. Australia also has the world’s largest reptile. It is known as the Saltwater Crocodile. It is found in the coast regions of the country. The average size ranges around 20 feet. Australia has more than 1500 types of spiders. There are so many spiders in the country that it is reported each resident swallows three spiders every year. Although people recognize it more as a cartoon character, the Tasmanian Devil, the largest carnivorous in the world, calls Australia its home.
The five largest sources of immigrants to the country are New Zealand, the United Kingdom, India, China, and the Philippines. Here more than 200 languages are spoken in the Australian homes. The most common, of course, being English. This is followed by Italian, Greek, and Cantonese.
Many people think of Sydney or Melbourne to be the capital of the country. It is true that both of these countries wanted to be the capital city. They bickered and disagreed until they finally came up with a solution. They formed a new city, in the middle of Sydney and Melbourne, named it Canberra, and this became the capital of the country. The capital city hosts the Parliament House which is one of the largest buildings in the Southern Hemisphere with over 300,000 cubic meters.
Australia is known for raising sheep – and this is certainly a deserved fact considering the country has more sheep in the country than human beings. Actually the sheep outnumber the humans by nearly 7 1/2 times. There are about 20 million humans living in Australia while approximately 150 million sheep call the country their home. This is also the home to the world’s largest cattle ranch. It is so large it equals the size of the country of Belgium.
The country also has an unpredictable weather system. Since it is located in the Southern Hemisphere it is in the middle of winter while the Northern Hemisphere is in the middle of summer. Residents, depending on where they live, must learn how to deal with major amounts of rain, or learn to dig through snow, or, in other areas, learn how to conserve water. Tully, located in Queensland, receives nearly 12 feet of rain per year. Mulka Bore, on the other hand, is the driest area. It is located in South Australia and receives an average of four inches of rain per year. Then there is Waratah. It is located in Tasmania. Out of 365 days per year this area receives rain an average of 314 days per year. Queensland can can extremely hot. It recorded a high temperature record of 127.4 degrees on January 16, 1889. Australia is considered the driest inhabited continent. During a ten year period the country will usually have three years of good rainfall followed by three years when there is a water shortage.
The roof of the Sydney Opera House weights more than 161,000 tons. Multiply that by 2,000 and you have a heavy roof! It is also one of the major tourist attractions in the country and it is considered as one of the most beautiful buildings in the 20th Century. It has about 1,000 rooms. It can seat 5,000 people. Sydney also has the world’s largest steel arch bridge, the Sydney Harbor Bridge. The city is also home to the Sydney Tower Center which is the tallest building in the Southern Hemisphere.
The country is famous for other things such as constructing giant, unique buildings. For example, New South Wales is home to the Big Banana while Queensland has the Big Apple. If you want to see the Big Tasmanian Devil it will be found in, where else, of course, Tasmania. If you want to find the Big Scotsman the building can be found in South Australia while the Big Stubby is located in The Northern Territory.
List of countries in Australia and Oceania
- Marshall Islands
- New Zealand
- Papua New Guinea
- Solomon Islands
Fun Things to do When Visiting Australia
1. Sydney Opera House
Sydney Opera House is a multi-venue performing arts centre on Bennelong Point in Sydney, New South Wales, Australia. It was conceived and largely built by Danish architect Jorn Utzon, who, in 2003, received the Pritzker Prize, architecture’s highest honor.
“There is no doubt that the Sydney Opera House is his masterpiece. It is one of the great iconic buildings of the 20th century, an image of great beauty that has become known throughout the world – a symbol for not only a city, but a whole country and continent.”
Sydney Opera House was made a UNESCO World Heritage Site on 28 June 2007. Currently, it is the most recently constructed World Heritage Site to be designated as such, sharing this distinction with such ancient landmarks as Stonehenge and the Giza Necropolis. It is one of the 20th century’s most distinctive buildings and one of the most famous performing arts centers in the world.
- What is the Architectural style of the Sydney Opera House: Expressionist
- Where is the Sydney Opera House: Sydney, Australia
- When was the sydney Opera House Built: Construction Completed 1973
- Who designed the Sydney Opera House:
- Architect: Jorn Utzon
- Structural engineer: Ove Arup & Partners
2. Royal Botanical Gardens
The Royal Botanic Gardens in Sydney, Australia, are the most central of the three major botanical gardens open to the public in Sydney. The park, managed by the same trust as The Domain adjoining it, is free to access and open every day of the year. The Royal Botanic Gardens, which are just a short walk around the water’s edge from the Sydney Opera House.
Where are the Royal Botanical Gardens:
The Botanic Gardens are situated overlooking Farm Cove, directly east of the Sydney Opera House, Circular Quay and Macquarie Street. On the southern edge the Cahill Expressway borders it and on the eastern edge, Art Gallery road.
3. 360 Bar in the Sydney Tower
Leading up to the Sydney 2000 Olympics, the tower was decorated with sculptures of athletes which were positioned above the main body of the tower and in some cases overhung the edges. These sculptures were removed in 2003 and relocated to Sydney Olympic Park at Homebush. The figures were placed atop the tower using an Erickson S-64 Aircrane heavy lift helicopter known as “Elvis”.
On several occasions, the tower has been used to launch fireworks or it has been illuminated with colored lights as part of various celebrations in Sydney, such as New Years Eve or during the Olympics in 2000.
Every year, the Sydney Tower Run-up comprises the challenge of running up 1,504 stairs from Pitt St mall to the Observation Deck as quickly as possible. The event is to raise money for the Cancer Council, and the two winners become eligible to compete in the Empire State Building Run-up. The drinks are fine and it’s 80 stories up.
4. Australian Museum
The Australian Museum is the oldest museum in Australia, with an international reputation in the fields of natural history and anthropology. It features collections of vertebrate and invertebrate zoology, as well as mineralogy, paleontology, and anthropology. Apart from exhibitions, the museum is also involved in indigenous studies research and community programs.
It is located in College Street, Sydney and was originally known as the Colonial Museum or Sydney Museum. The museum was renamed in June 1836 by a Sub-Committee meeting, when it was resolved during an argument that it should be renamed the Australian Museum.
Where is the Australian Museum Located: 6 College Street Sydney NSW 2010 Australia,R2.
When is the Australian Museum Open: 9.30am to 5.00pm every day.
How mutes is the Museum’s admission: Adult $8, Child (5 – 15 years) $3, Under 5s FREE.
5. Lonely Planet: Sydney
Lonely Planet is the largest travel guide book and digital media publisher in the world. Since 2007, the company has been controlled by BBC Worldwide, which owns a 75% share, while founders Maureen and Tony Wheeler own the remaining 25%. Originally called Lonely Planet Publications, the company changed its name to Lonely Planet in July 2009 to reflect its broad travel industry offering and the emphasis on digital products. After Let’s Go Travel Guides, it was one of the first series of travel books aimed at backpackers and other low-cost travelers. As of 2009, it published about 500 titles in 8 languages, as well as TV programs, a magazine, mobile phone applications and websites.
6. Great Barrier Reef
The Great Barrier Reef is the world’s largest reef system composed of over 2,900 individual reefs and 900 islands stretching for over 1,600 mi over an area of approximately 133,000 sq. mi. The reef is located in the Coral Sea, off the coast of Queensland in northeast Australia. The waters of the Great Barrier Reef provide the world’s busiest and most varied marine habitats!
What animals are the Great Barrier Reef?
The Great Barrier Reef supports a diversity of life, including many vulnerable or endangered species, some of which may be endemic to the reef system.
Thirty species of whales, dolphins, and porpoises have been recorded in the Great Barrier Reef, including the dwarf minke whale, Indo-Pacific humpback dolphin, and the humpback whale. Large populations of dugongs live there. Six species of sea turtles come to the reef to breed – the green sea turtle, leatherback sea turtle, hawksbill turtle, loggerhead sea turtle, flatback turtle, and the olive ridley. Saltwater crocodiles live in mangrove and salt marshes on the coast near the reef. 215 species of birds visit the reef or nest or roost on the islands, including the white-bellied sea eagle and roseate tern. Most nesting sites are on islands in the northern and southern regions of the Great Barrier Reef, with 1.4-1.7 million birds using the sites to breed. The islands of the Great Barrier Reef also support 2,195 known plant species; three of these are endemic. The northern islands have 300-350 plant species which tend to be woody, whereas the southern islands have 200 which tend to be herbaceous; the Whitsunday region is the most diverse, supporting 1,141 species. The plants are propagated by birds.
7. Gold Coast” Queensland
The Gold Coast is a city in the southeast corner of Queensland, Australia. It is the second most populous city in the state and the sixth most populous city in the country. It is also the most populous non-capital city in the country. Gold Coast City is known for its sunny subtropical climate, surfing beaches, waterways and canal systems, a skyline dominated by high-rise apartment buildings, a rainforest hinterland in the west of the city, nightlife and its tourist attractions. This web site contains information on one of the most beautiful areas in the world “Gold Coast” Queensland Australia.
Around 10 million tourists visit the Gold Coast every year; comprising of 849,114 international visitors, 3,468,000 domestic overnight visitors and 5,366,000 daytrip visitors. Tourism is the region’s biggest industry, directly contributing more than $4.4 billion into the city economy every year and directly accounting for one in four jobs in the city. There are approximately 65,000 bed spaces, 60 kilometers of beach, 600 kilometers of canal, 100,000 hectares of nature reserve, 500 restaurants, 40 golf courses and 6 major theme parks in the city. Gold Coast Airport provides connection across Australia with airlines including Jetstar, Virgin Blue and Tiger Airways. International services from Japan, New Zealand and Malaysia also land at Gold Coast Airport with airlines including Jetstar, Air New Zealand, Pacific Blue and Airasia X.
8. Outback Australia
The Outback is the remote arid areas of Australia, although the term colloquially can refer to any lands outside of the main urban areas. The term “the outback” is generally used to refer to locations that are comparatively more remote than those areas deemed “the bush”.
What to visit while at the Australian Outback?
There are many popular tourist attractions in the outback, and this is not a day trip if you want to see a lot of the attractions.
- Alice Springs
- Australian Stockman’s Hall of Fame
- Coober Pedy
- Uluru (Ayers Rock)
- Devils Marbles
- Kakadu National Park
- Katherine Gorge
- The Olgas (Kata Tjuta)
- Kings Canyon (Watarrka)
- MacDonnell Ranges
- Mount Isa
- Monkey Mia
- Mount Augustus National Park
- Willandra Lakes Region
9. Brisbane City Life
Brisbane is the state capital of the Australian state of Queensland and is the largest city in that state. The statistical division of Brisbane has an estimated population of approximately 2 million, along with its LGA registering a bit over a million, it is also the third most populous city in Australia.
The Queen Street Mall in the CBD offers nightclubs and bars, as well as the Conrad Treasury Casino. Nightclubs in the city include Strike Bowling, a nightclub with bowling lanes, and the lounge bar Jade Buddha. More conventional bars include The Victory.
West End, a cosmopolitan suburb about 2 km south-west of the CBD, plays host to a wide variety of street dining, music, bars like the Rumpus Room, the Lychee Lounge, Uber, The HiFi and others.
Brisbane culture has developed from Western Culture and deviates less from the mainstream Culture of Australia than other Australian cities. However, for its population, Brisbane has a strong history in the performing arts and also sport.
Brisbane has a nationally recognized music scene.
Brisbane’s cultural hub is the Queensland Cultural Centre located at South Bank close to the Brisbane CBD and within the suburb of South
10. Daintree National Park
Daintree is a national park in Far North Queensland, 933 mi northwest of Brisbane and 62 mi northwest of Cairns. It was founded in 1981. In 1988 it was granted listing as a World Heritage List. The park consists of two sections, with a settled agricultural area between them which includes the towns of Mossman and Daintree Village. It contains significant habitat for rare species and prolific bird life.
Much of the national park is covered by rain forest. The Greater Daintree Rain forest has existed continuously for more than 110 million years, making it possibly the oldest existing rain forest.