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Facts about Baltimore Maryland For Kids

Baltimore is the largest city in the state of Maryland and the 24th largest city in the country. It is located in the central area of the state along the tidal portion of the Patapsco River, an arm of the Chesapeake Bay. The independent city is often referred to as Baltimore City to distinguish it from surrounding Baltimore County.

  • Founded in 1729, Baltimore is the second largest seaport in the Mid-Atlantic United States and is situated closer to Midwestern markets than any other major seaport on the East Coast.
  • Baltimore’s Inner Harbor was once the second leading port of entry for immigrants to the United States and a major manufacturing center.
  • After a decline in manufacturing, Baltimore shifted to a service-oriented economy, with the Johns Hopkins Hospital and Johns Hopkins University serving as the city’s top two employers.
  • Downtown Baltimore is a top residential destination in the region with entirely new neighborhoods and historic communities that are in high demand.
  • The city is named after Cecilius Calvert, Lord Baltimore, a member of the Irish House of Lords and the founding proprietor of the Maryland Colony.
  • During the 1970s, Baltimore’s downtown area known as the Inner Harbor, had been neglected and was only occupied by a collection of abandoned warehouses.
  • In 1992, the Baltimore Orioles baseball team moved from Memorial Stadium to Oriole Park at Camden Yards, located downtown near the harbor.
  • Camden Yards along with the National Aquarium have helped revive the Inner Harbor from what once was an industrial district full of dilapidated warehouses, into a bustling commercial district full of bars, restaurants and retail establishments.
  • However, it is common for locals to divide the city simply by East or West Baltimore, using Charles Street as a dividing line, and/or into North and South using Baltimore Street as a dividing line.
  • Maryland Institute College of Art, the Peabody Institute of music, the Lyric Opera House, The Walters Art Museum, The Joseph Meyerhoff Symphony Hall, as well as several galleries are located in this region.
  • the city’s premier high school for mathematics, science and engineering, Baltimore Polytechnic Institute and the only remaining girls secondary school in America Western High School share a joint campus at Cold Spring Lane and Falls Road along the upper Jones Falls Expressway (Interstate 83).
  • The Southern District, a mixed industrial and residential area, consists of the “Old South Baltimore” area of the city below the Inner Harbor, east of the old B&O Railroad’s Camden line tracks and the Baltimore-Washington Parkway (Interstate 295) extension into Russell Street downtown.
  • Across Loch Raven Boulevard is the campus of the old Eastern High School, closed in 1984 and renovated for bio-med offices for Johns Hopkins as well as the former historic site of old Memorial Stadium for the Baltimore Colts and Baltimore Orioles, now replaced by an YMCA athletic and housing complex.
  • Mayor Dixon’s administration ended less than three years after her election, the result of a criminal investigation that began in 2006 while she was still City Council President.
  • The Maryland Transportation Authority Police is the primary law enforcement agency on the Fort McHenry Tunnel Thruway (Interstate 95), the Baltimore Harbor Tunnel Thruway (Interstate 895), which go under the Northwest Branch of the Patapsco River and Interstate 395, which has three ramp bridges crossing the Middle Branch of the Patapsco River which are under MdTA jurisdiction and have limited concurrent jurisdiction with the Baltimore City Police under a memorandum of understanding.