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Beryllium (Be): Fun Facts and Information About the Element


What is the symbol? Be
What is the atomic number? 4
What is the atomic weight? 9.0122
What is the melting point in Celsius? 1278
What is the boiling point in Celsius? 2970
What is the density (g/cm3)? 1.85
What year was it discovered? 1797
Who discovered the element? Louis-Nicholas Vauquelin
What group is the element in? 2
What is the electron configuration? [He] 2s2
What is the ionization energy? 9.3227
What element category is it in? Alkaline earth metals

Where is Beryllium found?

Beryllium is found in some 30 mineral species, the most important of which are bertrandite, beryl, chrysoberyl, and phenacite. Most of the metal is now prepared by reducing beryllium fluoride with magnesium metal. Beryllium metal did not become readily available to industry until 1957.

What is Beryllium used for?

Beryllium is used as an alloying agent in producing beryllium copper. It is applied as a structural material for high-speed aircraft, missiles, spacecraft, and communication satellites. Other uses include windshield frame, brake discs, support beams, and other structural components of the space shuttle. Beryllium is used in nuclear reactors as a reflector or moderator, it is used in gyroscopes, computer parts, and instruments where lightness, stiffness, and dimensional stability are required.