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Facts about Buffalo, NY for Kids


Buffalo is the second most populous city in the state of New York, after New York City. Located in Western New York on the eastern shores of Lake Erie and at the head of the Niagara River across from Fort Erie, OntarioCanada, Buffalo is the seat of Erie County and the principal city of the Buffalo-Niagara Falls metropolitan area, the largest in Upstate New York.

  • Originating around 1789 as a small trading community near the eponymous Buffalo Creek, Buffalo grew quickly after the opening of the Erie Canal in 1825, with the city as its western terminus.
  • By 1900, Buffalo was the 8th largest city in the United States, and went on to become a major railroad hub, and the largest grain-milling center in the country.
  • In his 1889 book “The Extermination of the American Bison,” William T.
  • Hornaday, superintendent of the former National Zoological Park, relayed early European explorers’ eyewitness accounts of bison along the shores of Lake Erie very near, if not within, the current location of the city of Buffalo, and as far east as the eastern seaboard.
  • Fort Le Boeuf can be translated as “Fort Buffalo,” since it is believed that the name “buffalo” originated with French fur trappers, who called the American bison “boeufs,” meaning oxen or bullocks.
  • The Buffalo Central Terminal, a 17-story Art Deco style station designed by architects Fellheimer & Wagner for the New YorkCentral Railroad, was finished just weeks before the Wall Street Crash of 1929.
  • According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 52.5 square miles, of which 40.6 square miles is land and 11.9 square miles is water.
  • At the time of the 2000 census there were 292,648 people, 122,720 households, and 67,005 families residing in the city.
  • The median income for a household in the city is $24,536, and the median income for a family is $30,614.
  • Catholic High Schools[edit] Canisius High School Bishop Timon – St.
  • Jude High School Buffalo Academy of the Sacred Heart (Buffalo, New York) Nardin Academy Holy Angels Academy Mount Mercy Academy Islamic schools[edit] Darul Uloom Al-Madania Universal School of Buffalo Listed below are institutions that have campuses in the city of Buffalo.