Skip links

Captain James Cook Biography and Facts

Captain James Cook was a British explorer who helped change the ways that we traveled the world. Cook, in addition to his work as a world explorer, he was a mapmaker and inventor of items that helped assist other world travelers for generations to come.

Cook was born on November 7, 1728 in Yorkshire England and joined the Merchant Navy as a teenager. His love for the sea led him to join the British Royal Navy, where he surveyed and mapped the St. Lawrence Seaway. Because of his outstanding work, he was commissioned as an officer and given command of his own ship in 1766.

The naval career of Captain James Cook included three notable voyages as commander of his own ship. The first voyage occurred in 1768 when he traveled around Cape Horn to the Pacific Ocean, where he surveyed and mapped Australia and New Zealand. The voyaged lasted until 1771.

His second voyage began in 1772 and lasted until his return in 1775. In this voyage, Cook circumnavigated the southern hemisphere, becoming the first explorer to accomplish this feat. During the voyage, he visited the Antarctic, surveying and mapping the route he took.

His third and final voyage began in 1776 and lasted until his death in 1779. This voyage was to North America and to find the Northwest Passage. During the journey he explored Alaska, and landed in Hawaii. However, he encountered problems during his stay which led to his demise.James Cook was killed in Hawaii on February 14, 1779. He and his men had spent the previous two months on the large island and been well received.

During his life and career in the Navy, Cook has had many innovations, and even though their was no phone service during Cook’s time, he helped connect the world. Cook’s work as a mapmaker was exceptional, and several of his maps were still in use into the 20th century.

Captain James Cook explored the world when not was known about it. He explored and chartered the course of travel to the Pacific and the west coast of North America. His work laid the foundation for the world of travel that we know today.