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Facts about Eurasia for Kids


Located primarily in the Northern and Eastern Hemispheres, Eurasia stretches from the Atlantic Ocean in the west to the Pacific Ocean in the east. In the north, Russia and Scandinavia abut the Arctic Ocean; its southern boundaries are Africa, the Mediterranean Sea, and the Indian Ocean.

  • The division between Europe and Asia as two different continents is a historical and cultural construct, with no clear physical separation between them; thus, in some parts of the world, Eurasia is considered the largest of five or six continents.
  • The concepts of Europe and Asia as distinct continents date back to antiquity and their borders are geologically arbitrary, with the Ural and Caucasus ranges being the main delimiters between the two.
  • Jared Diamond, in his book Guns, Germs and Steel, credits Eurasia’s dominance in world history to the unique east-west extent of Eurasia and the availability of Eurasian animals and plants suitable for domestication.
  • Over recent decades the idea of a greater Eurasian history has developed with the aim of investigating the genetic, cultural and linguistic relationships between European and Asian cultures of antiquity.
  • Eurasia formed 375 to 325 million years ago with the merging of Siberia (once a separate continent), Kazakhstania, and Baltica, which was joined to Laurentia, now North America, to form Euramerica.
  • Every two years since 1996 a meeting of most Asian and European countries is organised as the Asia-Europe Meeting (ASEM).
  • Especially whether the Kuma-Manych Depression or the Caucasus Mountains form the southeast boundary is disputed, since Mount Elbrus would be part of Europe in the latter case, making it (and not Mont Blanc) Europe’s highest mountain.
  • In modern usage, the term Eurasian usually means “of or relating to Eurasia”, or “a native or inhabitant of Eurasia”.
  • West or western Eurasia is a loose geographic definition used in some disciplines, such as genetics or anthropology, to refer to the region inhabited by the relatively homogeneous population of West Asia, Europe and related areas, especially North Africa.
  • Located primarily in the eastern and northern hemispheres, Eurasia is considered a supercontinent, part of the supercontinent of Afro-Eurasia or simply a continent its own right.
  • Eurasia is also sometimes used in geopolitics to refer to organizations of or affairs concerning the post-Soviet states, in particular, Russia, the Central Asian republics, and the Transcaucasian republics.