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Facts About Andorra For Kids

  • Andorra is a principality in the eastern Pyrenees Mountains between France and Spain.
  • The country is about four times as large as Washington D.C., with a population of only 88,000 people.
  • Andorra’s climate varies from region to region, but temperatures are generally moderate because of the high elevation of the country’s territory and mountainous terrain.
  • Andorra has been a member of the United Nations since 1993 even though it has no official standing army or military aircraft.
  • The name “Andorra” is derived from the Latin name “Andurriae” meaning “land of the Angles.”
  • Because of its diminutive size, Andorra is sometimes referred to as a microstate. However, because its population is less than 8,000 people, other countries are generally more concerned if the nation becomes embroiled in international disputes or conflicts other than disagreements with other states that can be handled by diplomacy.
  • Andorra is landlocked, and its only land border is with Spain.
  • Andorra’s geography is dominated by mountains, which rise up to 2,014m (6,560 feet) above sea level.
  • The country’s highest point is the Pic de Norandina (2,014 m), located in the central Pyrenees near Escaldes-Engordany.
  • The lower flanks of the range and valleys are covered with dense forests of beech and fir attesting to their remote geological history. The highest peaks retain patches of snow in winter even though they lie within the Mediterranean zone and consequently receive less rainfall than other parts of Andorra which lie further north.
  • Andorra is primarily mountainous with some foothills and valleys. It occupies a plateau, which is primarily rocky with some soil, located between the outer margins of the Ranges of the Pyrenees and the Pre-Pyrenees.