The Battle of the Atlantic was one of many fronts in World War II’s global theatre. The campaign took place on an international stage stretching from Brazil to Iceland and from Africa to Scandinavia. However, when the war first began, U-boats had to sail across the Atlantic to reach Allied shipping lanes. This was one of the few advantages taken by the Germans. The war’s end would see many changes, but many of these events would not happen until after World War II.
- The Battle of the Atlantic was the longest continuous military campaign in World War II.
- In total, nearly 100,000 Allied seamen lost their lives due to enemy U boat attacks.
- In addition, countless ships were destroyed, and valuable cargoes were lost.
- After a long and difficult fight, the Germans finally conceded defeat in 1945 when it became clear that they could not win the war with an ocean gap between themselves and their enemies.
The Battle of the Atlantic was won during an intense period lasting from 1939 to 1945. On November 1st, 1939, Germany invaded Poland, and World War II began. Britain declared war on Germany soon afterward and declared a state of emergency in March 1940. The German navy’s U-Boat campaign started in February 1941, with attacks on North American shipping routes. This campaign was called ‘the Battle of the Atlantic.’ It started shortly after the Battle of Britain, in which Germany hoped to foil the RAF by attacking its bases in England. These raids were very costly for both sides. The Germans lost ships and pilots during the British lost planes and pilots. The Germans had no lasting advantage until 1942 when they launched Operation Paukenschlag, or ‘Drumbeat’ operation, which cut off Allied resources to Britain by destroying coastal infrastructure.