This article provides a list of facts about Bosnia. Some of the topics include geographical features, historical events, and ethnic groups found within the country.
Population: 3,840,000 people
Capital City: Sarajevo (with 579,000 people)
Languages: Croatian, Bosnian, Serbian
Area: 19,741 sq mi (51,129 sq km)
Religions: Muslim, Orthodox, Roman Catholic
Literacy Percentage: 97
Life Expectancy: 72 years
- The country borders Croatia to the northwest, Serbia to the east, Montenegro to the southeast, and has a Mediterranean coast on its western side. Its most important river is the Neretva River.
- Most of the country is mountainous with large valleys, plains, and plateaus. It has a hilly interior with flat areas along the river Sava and Drina valleys. Its coastline consists of high cliffs near the Adriatic Sea.
- The largest mountain in Bosnia is Maglic at 2,026 meters (6,650 ft). The largest lake in Bosnia is Lake Mrkonjić Grad at 154 square kilometers (59 sq mi). The largest city in Bosnia is Sarajevo with a population of 370,000 people. Most people speak Bosnian as their tongue.
- The Buna River is on the border between Bosnia and Herzegovina and Croatia. Tuzla was an Austro-Hungarian military base during World War I.
- Bosnia was ruled by the Ottoman Empire for over 400 years. The Ottoman Empire was also the first to build modern bridges in Bosnia (the Šumadija Bridge, built in 1492; the Banja Luka Bridge, built in 1781; and the Mostar Bridge, built by Arnaut Spahić, built in 1818).
- The pope’s visit to Sarajevo (June 28 – July 2, 1878) was his first since the Protestant Reformation of 1517–18. As he traveled from Zagreb to Sarajevo, an estimated 600,000 people saw him. The city received the pope with great pomp and joy.
- The Bosnian-Herzegovinian Film Festival was founded in 2010 and has taken place every year since then. Its purpose is to encourage and help develop Bosnian cinema, while preserving and promoting the national film heritage. The festival has been held in more than 30 venues across Bosnia and Herzegovina over the course of its history. In addition to films from Bosnia and Herzegovina, films from other countries are screened at the festival as well. It is organized by a non-profit association called “Bosnian Film Festival”.
- The famous Herzegovinian Saint Stjepan Borić was born in Husineck, Bosnia.
- Bosnia is divided into 10 cantons with one city each.
- The most common religion in Bosnia is Islam with about 78% of the population being Muslim and the rest Christian and Bosniak religions. The other religious groups are: Roman Catholicism (10%), Orthodox Christianity (6%), and other faiths (0.6%).