The Arctic Wolf, or Canis lupus arctos, is the only species of the Canis lupus family that lives in freezing climates. With a wide distribution across northern North America and Eurasia, these wolves have a varied habitat with large variations in temperature during different seasons.
Some believe they are endangered, while others claim they aren’t on the verge of extinction; there is no consensus on this topic.
- Arctic Wolves are one of four types of wolves found across North America and Eurasia – along with Red Wolves (C. Rufus), Grey Wolves (C. lupus), and Black Wolves (Canis niger).
- They are found in the most northern regions of North America and Eurasia, where winter temperatures can fall to -40 degrees Fahrenheit or lower.
- Arctic Wolves are the largest members of the Canids, a group that includes domestic dogs and foxes. In fact, they’re slightly larger than Red Wolves, with a bodyweight ranging from 32kg to only 31kg.
- The Diet of Arctic Wolves is mainly dependent on what they can find in their environment, consisting largely of small mammals and birds such as lemmings and ptarmigan.
- They can run up to 30 miles an hour and can swim with their legs bent.
- Arctic Wolves reproduce quickly, with a litter of 2-4 pups about every other year.
- Like most Canids, they have a Movable Bassarisk Gland that collects and stores scent for marking territory and communicating with pack-mates.
- The Arctic Wolf is one of the few animals that can tolerate frigid temperatures without loss in body temperature and maintain body temperature over -50 degrees F for extended periods of time.
- An Arctic Wolf can normally be found in a pack consisting of around 8-12 wolves, with one male and several females.
- A pack usually ranges from 10 to 50 square miles, and the pack travels and hunts together.