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Facts About The California Gold Rush For Kids


The California Gold Rush began in 1848 when James W. Marshall discovered gold at Sutter’s Mill in Coloma, California.

James Marshall first found gold near Sutter’s Mill on January 24, 1848. He used it to pay for his milling machine, which he had just completed for his sawmill business in Sacramento City.

In 1848, James Marshall wanted to find more gold. He hired a group of miners who started searching for gold on January 20, 1848. In 1849 the Gold Rush started from Marysville from Northern California to Southern California. This route is called El Camino Largo (The Long Trail).

  • The gold rush had a big impact on industrial and agricultural development.
  • It helped quickly grow California economically, which allowed California to go rapidly to statehood.
  • It’s estimated that US$80 million worth of California gold was sent to France by French prospectors and merchants.
  • The California Gold Rush wasn’t the first gold rush in America; the first one was 50 years before in Cabarrus County, North Carolina.
  • San Francisco was a small town of around 1,000 people when gold was discovered. A few years later, it had over 30,000 residents.
  • They could mine a lot more gravel and dirt this way than with just a pan.
  • Other gold rushes in the United States, including the Pike’s Peak gold rush in Colorado and the Klondike gold rush in Alaska.