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Franklin Pierce Biography and Facts For Kids


Franklin Pierce, an American politician and lawyer, was the 14th President of the United States, serving from 1853 to 1857. He was the youngest person to be elected president up to that time. Admitted to the bar in 1827, he entered politics as a Jacksonian Democrat, like his father, Benjamin Pierce, who was twice elected governor of New Hampshire (1827, 1829). He served in the New Hampshire general court (1829-33), being speaker in 1831 and 1832, and had an undistinguished career in the U.S. House of Representatives (1833-37) and in the U.S. Senate (1837-42). A northern Democrat who sought to preserve southern slavery, Pierce’s administration proved a failure because he antagonized the growing abolitionist movement by signing the kansas-nebraska act of 1854, which gave the two new territories the option of whether to permit slavery. To date, he is the only President from New Hampshire.

Fun Facts and Trivia about Franklin Pierce

When was Franklin Pierce born: November 23, 1804
Where was Franklin Pierce bron: Hillsboro, NH
What was his job before he was president: Lawyer
Who was Franklin Pierce married to: Jane Appleton Pierce
What number president was Franklin Pierce: 14th
What political party did Franklin Pierce belong to: Democrat
When was Franklin Pierce president: 1853-1857
How many terms did Franklin Pierce serve: 1
When did Franklin Pierce die: October 8, 1869
How old was Franklin Pierce when he died: 64
Where is Franklin Pierce buried: Concord, NH

Franklin Pierce Quotes

  • “Defense was the name of the game, … This is a big win for the program — a huge win. We were knocking on the door last year and we thought we could get it going this year.”
  • “A Republic without parties is a complete anomaly. The histories of all popular governments show absurd is the idea of their attempting to exist without parties.”
  • “The dangers of a concentration of all power in the general government of a confederacy so vast as ours are too obvious to be disregarded.”
  • “Frequently the more trifling the subject, the more animated and protracted the discussion.”
  • “There’s nothing left . . . but to get drunk.”

Timeline of the Life of Franklin Pierce

1804 Franklin Pierce Born in Hillsboro, N.H.
1833 Elected to the U.S. House of Representatives.
1834 Franklin Pierce Married Jane Means Appleton.
1837 Elected to the United States Senate.
1847 Served as brigadier general in the Mexican War.
1852 Elected President of the United States.
1853 Alexander Wood invented the hypodermic needle.
1853-1856 Britain, France, Turkey, and Sardinia fought against Russia in the Crimean War.
1854 Congress organized the Kansas and Nebraska territories.
1854-1856 The Republican Party was organized.
1855 Henry Bessemer invented the Bessemer converter.
1855 The Soo Canal, connecting the two great lakes Lake Superior with Lake Huron, opened to shipping.
1856 Bleeding Kansas became a battleground between slavery and antislavery forces.
1869 Franklin Pierce Died in Concord, N.H.