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Facts about the Gaza Strip for Kids

From 2007, the Gaza Strip is de-facto governed by Hamas, a Palestinian faction claiming to be the legitimate representatives of the Palestinian National Authority and the Palestinian People. From 2012, Gaza Strip is recognized by the UN as part of the State of Palestine and is claimed by the Palestinian government in Ramallah; however implementation of Palestinian reconciliation to allow merger of Gaza and Ramallah administrations have so far failed.

  • The Palestinian population of Gaza Strip is predominantly Sunni Muslim.
  • With a yearly growth rate of about 3.2%, the Gaza Strip has the 6th highest population growth rate in the world.
  • All-Palestine in Gaza Strip was managed under military authority of Egypt, functioning as puppet state, until officially merged into United Arab Republic and dissolved in 1959.
  • Israel captured the Gaza Strip from Egypt in the Six-Day War in 1967.
  • Israel maintained control of the airspace, territorial waters and border crossings apart from the land border with Egypt.
  • On 22 September 1948, towards the end of the 1948 Arab-Israeli War, the All-Palestine government was proclaimed in the Egyptian occupied Gaza City by the Arab League.
  • After the cessation of hostilities, the Israel-Egypt Armistice Agreement of 24 February 1949 established the separation line between Egyptian and Israeli forces, and established what became the present boundary between the Gaza Strip and Israel.
  • During the Sinai campaign of November 1956, the Gaza Strip and the Sinai Peninsula were occupied by Israeli troops, who withdrew under international pressure.
  • In total, Israel created 21 settlements in the Gaza Strip, comprising 20% of the total territory.
  • The Gaza Strip remained under Israeli military administration until 1994.
  • For example, exorbitant bribes were demanded for allowing goods to pass in and out of the Gaza Strip, while heads of the Preventive Security Service apparatus profited from their involvement in the gravel import and cement and construction industries, such as the Great Arab Company for Investment and Development, the al-Motawaset Company, and the al-Sheik Zayid construction project.
  • The main crossing points are the northern Erez Crossing into Israel and the southern Rafah Crossing into Egypt.
  • However, since the 2005 withdrawal, Israel continues control the Gaza Strip’s airspace and sea space.
  • Direct aid to the Palestinian government there was cut off, although some of that money was redirected to humanitarian organizations not affiliated with the government.
  • Israeli spokesman Mark Regev described Israel’s actions as “sanctions,” not a blockade, but a Gazan legal consultant for UNRWA called the blockade “an action outside of international law.
  • ” In July 2010, British Prime Minister David Cameron said that “humanitarian goods and people must flow in both directions.
  • These changes led to three years of economic recovery in the Gaza Strip, disrupted by the outbreak of the al-Aqsa Intifada in the last quarter of 2000.
  • Wide-scale development has been made possible by the unhindered movement of goods into Gaza through the Kerem Shalom Crossing and tunnels between the Gaza Strip and Egypt.