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Great Britain History and Facts for Kids


Great Britain is an island situated to the northwest of Continental Europe. It is the ninth largest island in the world, and the largest European island, as well as the largest of the British Isles. With a population of about 60.0 million people in mid-2009, it is the third most populated island on Earth.

Great Britain is surrounded by over 1,000 smaller islands and islets. The island of Ireland lies to its west. Politically, Great Britain may also refer to the island itself together with a number of surrounding islands which comprise the territory of EnglandScotland and Wales. Great Britain Island of Britain, comprising EnglandScotland, and Wales. Wales united with England in 1536.

Where did the name “Great Britain” Come from? Great Britain was known as the land of Albinos and hence its name was Albion. Britannia, the word used by the Romans for the British Isles, gave rise to the name Britain. The word ‘great’ was prefixed to the word ‘Britain’ to name the political unit of Britain. So Britain is an island while the geopolitical unit is referred to as Great Britain. Great Britain is used to distinguish Britain from Brittania Minor, or Brittany, in France.

Quick Facts About Great Britain

Location of Great Britain: North West Europe

How big is Great Britain: 93,000 sq mi

Highest elevation in Great Britain: 4,409 ft

Highest point in Great Britain: Ben Nevis in Scotland, at 4,406 ft above sea level.

Countries that make up Great Britain: England, Scotland, Wales

Largest city in Great BritainLondon

Population of Great Britain: 60,003,000 (2009 est.)

Density of Great Britain<: 717 /sq mi

Primary Religion of Great Britain: Christianity

Ethnic groups in Great Britain: British, Cornish, English, Scottish & Welsh

Capital cities of Great Britain

England
Capital: London

Scotland
Capital: Edinburgh

Wales
Capital: Cardiff

What is Great Britain Famous For

River Thames
Big Ben
Westminster Abbey
Houses of Parliament
Royal Family – Buckingham Palace
Union Jack (Official flag of UK)
High Tea (drinking tea in the late afternoon)
Bobbies (nickname for policeman)
Double decker bus
Black taxis

Timeline Of Great Britain 410 to 968

410 AD: the Romans withdraw from Britain
450: Saxons invade England
532: the Saxon Cerdic founds the kingdom of Wessex
550: the Saxon kingdoms of East Saxons and Middle Saxons are established
563: the Irish monk Columbanus founds the monastery of Iona off the coast of Scotland, soon to become the main center of the Columban school
590: England is divided among several kingdoms
597: Pope Gregory I dispatches Augustine to England with forty monks
600: Taliesin and Aneirin write poems in old Welsh in Strathclyde
601: Augustine converts king Ethelbert of Kent and establishes the see of Canterbury with himself as its first archbishop
601: king Aethelbert of Kent promulgates the first English code of law
627: Pope Gregory I sends the Italian monk Paulinus to found the see of York and convert king Edwin of Northumbria
633: during the reign of the Saxon king Oswald conversion of Northumbria is completed
635: Cynegils, king of Wessex, converts to Christianity
635: Iona bishop Aidan founds a monastic community in the island of Lindisfarne off the coast of Scotland
664: the synod of Whitby brings the Celtic church into conformity with Rome
664: Iona monk Wilfrid is appointed bishop of York
668: the monk Theodore of Tarsus is appointed archbishop of Canterbury
670: the Anglosaxons convert to Christianity
674: Benedict Biscop founds the monastery of Wearmouth in Northumbria
681: Benedict Biscop, a native Anglosaxon, founds the monastery of Jarrow in Northumbria
687: the Vikings destroy the monastery of Whitbey in England
690: English missionary Willibrord evangelizes in Holland and Denmark
731: Bede of Jarrow writes the “Ecclesiastical History of the English People”
757: the kingdom of Mercia dominates England under king Offa
793: Vikings raid the monastery of Lindisfarne and destroy the monastery of Jarrow
825: the Saxon king Egbert III of Wessex conquers Kent and Mercia, thus reigning over all of England
831: Vikings invade Ireland and found Dublin
834: Vikings raid England
865: the Vikings invade East Anglia
867: the Vikings under Ivarr the Boneless establish a kingdom in York, Northumbria
871: Alfred becomes king of Wessex
878: Wessex king Alfred defeats the Vikings
937: Aethelstan defeats the Danes at the battle of Brunanburgh and establishes the kindgom of England
959: Edgar the Peaceful becomes the first king of a united England
968: Brian Boru expels the Vikings from Ireland

Timeline Of Great Britain 1000 to 1400

1005: Malcolm II kills Kenneth III and becomes King of Scotlant
1013: the Danish chieftain Svend Forkbeard invades England
1016: the Danish king Knut II defeats the Wessex king Edmund at the battle of Alney and annexes Mercia
1017: Edmund of Wessex dies and Canute annexes Wessex
1017: Canute converts to christianity
1028: Canute, already king of England and Denmark, conquers Norway
1034: king Duncan of Strathclyde conquers most of Scotland
1035: Canute dies, leaving Denmark and England to Hardacnut and Norway to Swein
1040: MacBeth kills Duncan and becomes King of Scotlant
1072: William I the Conqueror invades Scotland
1078: William I orders the construction of the Tower of London
1106: Henry I defeats and captures his brother Robert, duke of Normandy
1113: the order of St John is founded
1114: Matilda, daughter of king Henry I of England, marries emperor Heinrich V
1124: David becomes King of Scotland and extends his reign
1129: emperor Heinrich V dies and empress Matilda marries Geoffrey the Handsome, Count of Anjou
1130: Geoffrey of Monmouth creates the myth of Arthur
1139: Matilda claims the throne of England
1141: Matilda is briefly queen of England before being usurped of the throne
1153: Henry of Anjou, son of Matilda and husband of Eleanor of Aquitaine, invades England,
1154: Henry II Plantagenet is crowned king of England, establishing the Plantagenet dynasty over England, Burgundy and Aquitaine
1154: an Englishman is elected Pope Adrian IV
1164: Henry II’s constituion of Clarendon limits the authority of the Pope over English matters
1176: Henry II establishes the “common law” of England
1189: Richard I “Coeur de Lion”, son of Henry II, becomes king of England and continues the rule of the Plantagenets
1189: the third Crusade is led by king Richard of England, king Philippe Auguste II of France, and emperor Friedrich Barbarossa
1199: John Lackland, son of Henry II, becomes king of England
1200: the Jews are expelled from England
1203: Philippe Auguste II of France conquers Normandy and expels the English
1209: Cambridge University is founded
1216: Henry III becomes king of England
1265: Simon de Montfort, leader of the barons, summons popular representatives to Parliament
1272: Edward I becomes king of England
1283: the first mechanical clock in the world is installed in an English monastery
1290: Edward I expells all Jews from England
1296: Edward I of England annexes Scotland
1307: Edward II becomes king of England
1314: Robert Bruce defeats Edward II at the battle of Bannockburn and regains Scotland’s independence
1327: Edward II is deposed by the parliament and replaced with his son Edward III
1333: Edward III invades Scotland
1334: the first gunpowder is manufactured in England
1337: Philippe VI of France and Edward III of England go to war over France
1340: English knights and burgesses join in the House of Commons
1348: the black plague reaches England
1356: England captures the French king and one third of France at the battle of Poitiers
1364: Charles V liberates France from England
1394: Richard II invades Ireland
1399: Henry Bollingbroke, the son of the richest man overthrows Richard II and becomes king Henry IV

Timeline Of Great Britain 1400 to 1600

1401: Henry IV issues a statute legalizing the persecution of “heretics”
1413: Henry V succeeds his father to the throne of England
1415: Henry V of England allies with Burgundy, defeats the French at the battle of Agincourt
1420: England seizes northern France
1422: Henry VI becomes king of England
1452: Henry VI of England goes mad
1453: France expels the English
1455: The royal houses of York and Lancaster fight a civil war to succeed the mad Henry VI
1486: Henry VII marries Elizabeth of York, thus uniting houses of York and Lancaster
1496: the Italian explorer John Cabot sails from England to Canada on behalf of the king of England
1497: John Cabot discovers Newfoundland
1497: Henry VII defeats the last pretender to the throne and restores peace to the kingdom
1509: Henry VIII becomes king of England
1518: Thomas More publishes “Utopia”
1529: Henry VIII accepts the Protestant Reformation
1533: Henry VIII marries Anne Boleyn and is excommunicated by Pope Clement VII
1534: Henry VIII declares himself supreme head of the Church of England
1535: Thomas More is beheaded in Tower of London for refusing to submit to Henry VIII
1536: Henry VIII directs the dissolution of the English monasteries under the direction of Thomas Cromwell
1540: Thomas Cromwell is executed
1563: The Anglican Church is officially founded
1567: Mary Stuart of Scotland is deposed and her son James VI becomes king of Scotland
1576: the first British theater opens in London
1580: Francis Drake sails around the world
1586: Francis Drake sails to the West Indies
1587: England executes Mary Stuart, former queen of Scotland and heir to the English throne, the for conspiring against queen Elizabeth I
1587: Francis Drake destroys the Spanish fleet at Cadiz
1588: Philip II of Spain declares war against Elizabeth I of England to protect Spanish possessions in America from English buccaneers
1592: the British Parliament defines the statute mile as 8 furlongs, 80 chains, 320 rods, 1760 yards or 5280 feet
1599: the East India Company is established

Timeline Of Great Britain 1600 to 1700

1601: James Lancaster leads the first British cargo to the East Indies and establishes a British factory at Bantam
1603: James VI of Scotland becomes king James I of England
1607: John Smith founds the colony of Virginia
1609: England conquers the Bermudas in America
1614: the Scottish mathematician John Napier coins the word “logarithm” and publishes the first logarithmic table
1618: after the “Defenestration of Prague”, England enters the “Thirty Years’ War” against the Habsburg empire
1620: English pilgrims aboard the “Mayflower” land at Plymouth Rock on Cape CodMassachusetts
1620: Francis Bacon publishes the “Novum Organon” to argue that truth should be found via empirical observation
1628: John Felton assassinates George Villiers, the duke of Buckingham
1630: England signs peace treaties with France and Spain and abandons the “Thirty Years’ War”
1642: a civil war opposes king Charles I and the Parliament
1645: Oliver Cromwell’s New Model Army defeats king Charles I
1648: the “Peace of Westphalia” ends the Thirty Years’ War
1649: Cromwell crushes a Catholic uprising in Ireland
1649: the Diggers promulgate a vision of a society free from private property and commerce
1649: Charles I is executed and Cromwell declares the Commonwealth
1651: Cromwell defeats Scotland
1651: Thomas Hobbes publishes the “Leviathan”
1655: Britain conquers Jamaica from Spain
1658: Oliver Cromwell dies
1659: England and France defeat Spain
1660: Charles II resumes the monarchy
1662: Founding of the Royal Society of Science
1665: the plague reaches London
1666: the fire of London burns the oldest part of the city, including St Paul’s cathedral
1666: Isaac Newton develops calculus
1668: England, Netherlands and Sweden form the “Triple Alliance” against France
1670: Hudson’s Bay Company is founded
1675: the Royal Observatory opens at Greenwich
1677: William III, king of the Netherlands, marries Mary, heir to the English throne
1679: petitioners call for a new Parliament while royalists side with king Charles II
1685: Charles II dies and his Catholic brother James II becomes king of England and of Scotland
1687: James II issues the “Declaration of Liberty of Conscience” but favors Catholicism and insists on the divine rights of the royalty
1687: Isaac Newton publishes the “Philosophiae Naturalis Principia Mathematica”
1688: England rise up against James II the Catholic king and drive him into exile
1689: The Parliament issues the “Bill of Rights”, thus establishing a constitutional monarchy under William III
1689: France invades Germany’s League of Augsburg and starts the Eight-year War
1694: the Bank of England is founded
1695: the “LIberty of Unlicensed Printing” removes government control from the press
1697: the treaty of Ryswick ends the Eight-year war

Timeline Of Great Britain 1700 to 1800

1702: king William III forms an alliance between England, the Netherlands and Austria against Spain and France
1702: William III dies and is succeeded by his sister-in-law Anne Stuart
1704: England captures Gibraltar from Spain
1707: the kingdoms of England and Scotland are formally united in Great Britain
1709: the Copyright Act shifts ownership from printers to authors
1711: Joseph Addison and Richard Steele found the “Spectator”, the first magazine
1713: Britain and France sign the Treaty of Utrecht
1714: Queen Anne Stuart dies and is succeeded by George I, first king of the Hannover house
1721: Robert Walpole is Britain’s first prime minister
1737: an English carpenter, John Harrison, invents the marine chronometer to measure longitude and latitude
1739: Britain and Spain go to war, but Britain fails to occupy PanamaChile and Colombia
1741: Lewis Paul opens the first cotton mill
1751: by capturing the town of Arcot from the French, Britain becomes the leading colonial power in India
1752: Britain adopts the Gregorian calendar
1756: Britain and Prussia declare war against France, Austria and Russia
1757: at the battle of Plassey the East India company defeats France and gains access to Bengal
1757: James Watt makes the steam engine practical
1758: Britain attacks French Canada, its first large-scale war of conquest outside Europe
1759: Britain seizes Quebec from France
1759: the British Museum is inaugurated
1763: the treaty of Paris ends the Seven Years’ War, with Britain annexing the French possessions of Canada and India
1766: James Christie opens his London auction house
1768: Philip Astley founds a traveling show of acrobats and jugglers, and launches the revival of the circus
1770: James Cook lands in Australia and claims it for Britain
1770: the Encyclopedia Britannica is published in Edinburgh
1773: American colonists stage an uprising against British rule
1776: the American colonies ratifies the Declaration of Independence
1776: Adam Smith publishes “The Wealth of the Nations”
1779: John Wilkinson builds the first cast-iron bridge
1780: War erupts between Holland and Britain
1781: a seventh planet, Uranus, is discovered by William Hershel
1783: Britain recognises the independence of the United States of America
1784: The treaty of Paris grants Britain the rights to trade in Indonesia
1785: the “Daily Universal Register” is founded
1786: William Jones discovers similarities between Sanskrit and Greek and Latin
1787: Robert Peel builds an integrated cotton spinning, weaving and printing factory
1791: Thomas Paine publishes “Rights of Man”
1792: Mary Wollstonecraft publishes “Vindication of the Rights of Women”
1793: the first British settlers arrive in Australia
1796: After France invades Holland, Holland surrenders Melaka/Malacca, Sri Lanka and the Cape of Good Hope to Britain
1796: Edward Jenner discovers the principle of vaccination and produces a smallpox vaccine
1798: Malthus publishes the “Essay on Population”

Timeline Of Great Britain 1800 to 1900

1800: Ireland is formally united to England
1801: Britain’s population is 10.7 million and London’s population is 959,000
1802: a steam-powered coach built by Richard Trevithick successfully completes the journey from Cornwall to London
1802: Britain and France sign the peace of Amiens, recognizing Britain’s conquest of French, Dutch and Spanish colonies
1803: Britain declares war on Napoleon
1803: English chemist John Dalton proposes that matter is composed of atoms
1804: Richard Trevithick builds the first locomotive
1805: Horace Nelson is killed in combat but destroys the French and Spanish fleets at the Battle of Trafalgar
1807: Britain outlaws the slave trade
1812: the USA declares war on Britain
1814: British troops storm Washington and burn the Capitol and the White House
1814: George Stephenson builds his first locomotive engine
1814: Britain purchases the Cape Colony in South Africa from Holland
1815: Andrew Jackson defeats the British army at the battle of New Orleans
1815: Napoleon is defeated at Waterloo
1815: Ceylon is occupied by the British
1816: Nepal becomes a British protectorate
1819: The “Savannah” completes the first transatlantic crossing by a steamboat
1819: Stamford Raffles buys an island from the sultan of Johore and founds the British settlement of Singapore
1821: Sierra Leone, Gambia and the Gold Coast are combined to form British West Africa
1821: Britain adopts the gold standard
1822: The first dinosaur fossil is found by Gideon Mantell, the Iguanodon
1823: Rugby is invented at Rugby school
1824: William Buckland provides the first description of a dinosaur, the Megalosaurus
1825: Britain inaugurates the first public railway in the world
1829: George Stephenson builds the first steam locomotive train
1830: The Whigs come to power
1832: The Great Reform Bill grants voting rights to the middle class
1833: Slavery is abolished
1834: Britain abolishes slavery in the Cape colony
1836: South Australia becomes a province of the British Empire
1837: Victoria becomes queen of England
1838: British troops are defeated in Afghanistan
1839: Scottish blacksmith Kirkpatrick Macmillan invents the bicycle
1840: the first postal stamp is introduced
1843: the first Christmas postcard is printed
1851: the first Universal Exhibition is held in London
1851: London’s population is 2,363,000
1852: The Royal Observatory introduces a uniform time standard for the whole of Britain
1853: In the Crimean war Britain, France and the Ottoman Empire fight Russia
1855: Joshua Stoddard introduces a steam-powered organ called the “calliope”
1855: Henry Bessemer invents the Bessemer converter for mass-producing steel
1859: Charles Darwin publishes “The Origin Of Species”
1862: Bahadur Shah II dies, the Mogul dynasty ends and India becomes a British colony
1863: the Salvation Army is founded
1863: the sport of football is inaugurated
1863: the London subway opens
1864: James Clerk Maxwell unifies electricity and magnetism in his equations of the electromagnetic field
1865: William Booth founds the East London Christian Mission
1867: British North America becomes the Dominion of Canada, a federation of Ontario, QuebecNova Scotia and New Brunswick
1868: Benjamin Disraeli becomes prime minister of Britain
1871: Arthur Sullivan and William Gilbert produce their first operetta
1872: the Ariel is manufactured in Britian
1874: Disreali becomes prime minister
1875: The British government purchases shares in the Suez Canal, borrowing money from the Rothschilds
1876: Disraeli makes queen Victoria empress
1877: Britain occupies South Africa
1877: A tennis tournament is held at Wimbledon for the first time
1879: Zulu warriors armed with spears massacre the British army at the battle of Isandhlwana
1880: Borneo becomes a British protectorate
1882: Britain occupies Egypt
1884: an international “meridian” conference decides to divide the Earth in 24 time zones, starting with Greenwich’s meridian
1885: the Canadian Pacific railway is completed
1892: Britain tonnage and seatrade exceeds the rest of the world together
1895: Lord Kelvin declares that “heavier-than-air flying machines are impossible”
1895: Britain controls two thirds of Chinese foreign trade
1895: “The Empire of India Exhibition” opens in London
1897: Joseph-John Thompson discovers that electricity is due to the flow of invisible negatively charged particles called electrons
1897: Marcus Samuel founds the Shell Transport and Trading Company
1898: Britain occupies Sudan

Timeline Of Great Britain 1900 to 2000

1901: Queen Victoria dies
1901: Britain’s population is 37.1 million
1901: the British colonies of Australia become the Federated Commonwealth of Australia
1901: Nigeria becomes a British protectorate
1902: Japan signs the London treaty with Britain that recognizes Japan’s rights in Korea and Britain’s rights in China
1904: British troops occupy Tibet
1905: Britain apologizes to the Boers of South Africa for the war and grants independence to the Transvaal and the Orange Free State
1906: the Liberal party, representing financiers and entrepreneurs, comes into power
1907: New Zealand becomes a self-governing dominion of the British empire
1907: Britain and Russia negotiate the status of Persia, Tibet and Afghanistan
1908: Britain and Germany engage in a “naval race”
1908: Margaret Murray performs autopsy on an Egyptian mummy
1909: Lloyd George’s reforms tax land to pay for sickness, invalidity and unemployment insurance
1910: Transvaal, Orage Free State, Natal and Cape unite in the Union of South Africa
1911: the New Zealand scientist Ernest Rutherford discovers that the atom is made of a nucleus and orbiting electrons
1911: Britains holds a conference on imperial defense
1911: universal health care is introduced
1911: a Parliament Act weakens the House of Lords
1912: a minimum wage is introduced
1912: Britain and France sign a naval treaty to fend off the threat of the German navy
1914: World War I breaks out in the Balkans, pitting Britain, France, Italy, Russia, Serbia, USA and Japan against Austria, Germany and Turkey
1914: The British government purchases part of Anglo-Persian Oil, only the second time the British government has purchased a private company
1914: Cyprus is annexed by Britain after four centuries of Ottoman rule
1914: end of the British gold standard
1914: Egypt becomes and British protectorate
1914: Britain occupies the German colonies of West Africa
1916: The Lucknow Pact unites the Congress and the League in their fight for independence from Britain
1916: Britain introduces daylight saving time to save energy
1916: Britain and France agree to partition the Middle East
1917: the “Balfour Declaration” by the British government promises a Jewish homeland in Palestine
1917: Edwin-Samuel Montagu is appointed secretary of state for India and champions India’s independence
1917: Britain conquers Iraq
1918: Britain conquers Syria and Palestine from the Ottomans
1919: the IRA is formed in Ireland to fight British rule
1919: Race riots in Liverpool and Cardiff
1919: Afghanistan gains independence from Britain
1920: Palestine becomes a British protectorate
1920: The airline Qantas is founded to link the settlements of Australia
1920: European countries control almost 90% of the Earth’s surface
1921: Unemployment reaches 17% in Britain
1921: The indenture system is abolished
1921: Ireland becomes independent except for northern Ireland that remains British
1922: Gandhi is imprisoned
1922: the BBC begins broadcasting
1925: Edwin Hubble discovers Andromeda
1927: oil fields are discovered near Karkuk in Iraq and king Faysal grants oil rights to the British
1928: Scottish biologist Alexander Fleming discovers penicillin, the first antibiotic
1929: the world’s stock markets crash
1929: Edwin Hubble discovers that galaxies recede from one another and that the universe is expanding in all directions
1930: Gandhi unleashes “civil disobedience” against the British
1930: Britain, Japan, France, Italy and the USA sign the London Naval Treaty
1931: EMI opens the largest recording studio in the world at Abbey Road in London
1935: Robert Watson-Watt builds the first radar
1936: the “Queen Mary” transatlantic linear travels from Southampton to New York in four days
1938: the IRA carries out the first bombings in Britain
1938: Britain debuts the “Empire Flying Boat”, a plane that can carry 18 passengers
1939: England declares war on Hitler’s Germany
1946: Churchill delivers in the USA the “Iron Curtain” speech, virtually opening the “Cold War” against the Soviet Union
1946: Britain and the Soviet Union withdraw from Iran
1947: New Zealand becomes an independent country
1947: Dennis Gabor invents the hologram
1952: Elizabeth II becomes queen of Britain
1952: Britain explodes its first atomic bomb
1953: Francis Crick and James Watson discover the double helix of the DNA
1953: New Zealand’s Edmund Hillary and Nepal’s Tenzing Norgay are the first explorers to reach the summit of Mount Everest
1954: Anglo-Persian Oil changes name in British Petroleum
1955: Greek Cypriots start fighting for unification with Greece
1955: Britain signs the anti-Soviet Baghdad Pact with Iran, Iraq, Pakistan and Turkey
1959: the British Motor Corporation introduces the “Mini”
1961: Kuwait becomes independent under the protection of Britain
1961: Amnesty International is founded by British lawyer Peter Benenson to promote human rights worldwide
1962: the Beatles debut
1963: The British government is rocked by the Profumo scandal
1967: Homosexuality and abortion are legalized
1967: The first “automatic teller machines” is deployed by Barclays Bank
1966: the British withdraw from Aden and marxists take over
1968: the British withdraw from the Gulf and the United Arab Emirates are created
1969: the IRA begins a campaign of terrorism in Northern Ireland that will kill more than 2.000 people
1969: The “Monty Python’s Flying Circus” comedy show debuts on tv
1969: Britain abolishes the death penalty
1971: the first Hard Rock Cafe` opens in London
1971: serial killer Harold Shipman begins a killing spree that will kill hundreds of people
1972: The first video-cassette recorder is introduced by Phillips
1973: Britain joins the European Union
1975: the first oil is piped ashore from the North Sea
1975: Six economic powers meet in Paris forming the G6
1976: the supersonic airplane Concorde, built by France and Britain, begins service
1979: Margaret Thatcher of the Conservative Party becomes Britain’s prime minister and begins a program of privatization
1981: Racial riots at Brixton, London
1981: Lady Diana Spencer marries Prince Charles
1984: Alec Jeffreys invents the DNA fingerprint that can identify an individual
1988: Colin Pitchfork becomes the first man to be convicted of murder on the basis of DNA fingerprint evidence
1990: Margaret Thatcher resigns
1990: Mary Robinson is elected the first female President of Ireland
1990: Tim Berners-Lee of CERN invents the Internet protocol HTTP and the hypertext language HTML
1991: Britain fights alongside the USA against Iraq
1994: the “Chunnel” between Britain and France opens
1996: the “mad cow disease” spreads in Britain and millions of cows have to be slaughtered
1997: Britain cedes Hong Kong back to China
1997: Tony Blair is elected prime minister
1997: Joanne Kathleen Rowling publishes the first Harry Potter book, destined to become a world-wide phenomenon
1997: British biologist Ian Wilmut clones a sheep, Dolly.
1997: Lady Diana dies in a mysterious car accident
1999: Scotland inaugurates its own Parliament

Timeline Of Great Britain 2000 to 2010

2000: Eva Morris dies at 115, the oldest British person of all times
2000: British and American biologists decipher the entire human DNA
2003: Tony Blair and George W. Bush order the invasion of Iraq to depose Saddam Hussein
2003: Tony Blair admits that Saddam Hussein had no weapons of mass destruction
2004: manufacturing accounts for only 18% of the British economy
2004: There are 1.8 million Muslims in Britain
2004: the unemployment rate plunges to 4.7%, the lowest in 30 years
2005: Tony Blair is reelected
2005: the IRA gives up its armed struggle for a united Ireland
2006: Royal Dutch Shell posts the largest profit of any company in British history
2007: J.K. Rowling’s “Harry Potter” books have sold over 300 million copies worldwide
2007: crash of the stock markets worldwide
2005: Tony Blair resigns
2007: Britain has plutonium for 17,000 nuclear bombs
2008: The British economy goes into a recession after 16 years of growth
2008: Crash of the stock markets worldwide, triggered by the collapse of USA banks
2008: The British economy shrinks for the first time in 16 years and the pound has its biggest one-day drop against the dollar since 1971
2008: The London stock market loses 31%
2008: The population of Britain is 61.4 million
2009: The British stock market posts the best three months in 25 years
2010: The Conservatives win elections, ending 13 years of Labour rule, and David Cameron becomes Britain’s new prime minister
2010: Ireland applies for a loan from the European Union