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Greece Facts and Historical Timeline For Kids


What is the Capital of Greece
Athens is the capital of Greece

The National Anthem of Greece

We know thee of old
Oh divinely restored,
By the light of thine eyes
And the light of thy sword.

From the graves of our slain
Shall the valor prevail
As we greet thee,
As we greet thee again,
Hail, Liberty! Oh, Hail!

What Time Zone is Greece In
Time zone: EET (UTC+2)
Summer (DST): EEST (UTC+3)

What is the Economy of Greece
The main agricultural products of Greece are cereals, vegetables, tobacco, currants, olives and olive oil, citrus fruit, grapes, almonds, figs, rice and cotton. Livestock farming is mainly limited to goats and sheep, since there is little pasture land for cattle raising.

What Side of the Street Do You Drive on in Greece
You drive on the right hand side of the road

What Languages are Spoken in Greece
Modern Greek derives from the same idiom used by Homer and other famous Greek writers and poets more than 3000 years ago. Greek was the language of the Gospels and has made a major contribution to all western languages.

What is the Major Religion of Greece
Ninety-eight percent of the people adhere to the Greek Orthodox faith.

Where is Greece Located and How Big is Greece
Greece is located at the southernmost tip of Europe and has one of the most unique geographic formations of any country in Europe. Including the islands, it has an area of 50,959 square miles and a population of 11,295,002 according to a 2010 estimate.

What are the Administrative Divisions of Greece
1. Attica
Capital: Athens
Area in Square Miles: 1,470
Population: 3,761,810

2. Central Greece
Capital: Lamia
Area in Square Miles: 6,004
Population: 605,329

3. Central Macedonia
Capital: Thessaloniki
Area in Square Miles: 7,263
Population: 1,871,952

4. Crete
Capital: Heraklion
Area in Square Miles: 3,189
Population: 601,131

5. East Macedonia and Thrace
Capital: Komotini
Area in Square Miles: 5,466
Population: 611,067

6. Epirus
Capital: Ioannina
Area in Square Miles: 3,553
Population: 353,820

7. Ionian Islands
Capital: Corfu
Area in Square Miles: 891
Population: 212,984

8. North Aegean
Capital: Mytilene
Area in Square Miles: 1,481
Population: 206,121

9. Peloponnese
Capital: Tripoli
Area in Square Miles: 5,981
Population: 638,942

10. South Aegean
Capital: Capital: Ermoupoli
Area in Square Miles: 2,041
Population: 302,686

11. Thessaly
Capital: Larissa
Area in Square Miles: 5,420
Population: 753,888

12. West Greece
Capital: Patras
Area in Square Miles: 4,382
Population: 740,506

13. West Macedonia
Capital: Kozani
Area in Square Miles: 3,649
Population: 301,522

14. Mount Athos
Capital: Karyes
Area in Square Miles: 151
Population: 2,262

Timeline of Key Events In Greek History

1924: Greeks vote for abolition of the monarchy, country becomes republic.

1935: Monarchy restored.

1936: General Metaxas appointed prime minister by king, establishes right-wing dictatorship.

1940: Mussolini’s forces attack Greece from Italian-held Albania, but are repelled.

1941: Metaxas dies. Greece falls to Germany. More than 100,000 die in famine. King George II and government flee to Egypt.

1942-1944: Fierce resistance to the occupation by communist and royalist factions alike.

1944: British and Greek forces combine to force Nazi withdrawal. With backing from Britain, Georgios Papandreou becomes prime minister. Communists protest. Tensions rise and there is sporadic violence.

1946: 1949: Royalist parties win elections, restore monarchy. Ensuing civil war ends with defeat of communist forces.

1952: New constitution declares Greece a parliamentary democracy with a monarch as head of state. Greece joins Nato.

1955: Konstantinos Karamanlis becomes prime minister.

1964: King Constantine II succeeds his father, Paul.

1967: Group of army officers seize power in military coup. Elections are postponed indefinitely and Col George Papadopoulos takes office as prime minister.

1973: Greece declared a republic, the monarchy is abolished and Papadopoulos assumes the presidency.

1974: An Athens-backed coup against President Makarios of Cyprus is followed by Turkish invasion and occupation of north of the island.

1975: New constitution declares Greece a parliamentary republic with some executive powers vested in a president.

1980: Karamanlis elected president.

1967: Military takeover is announced

1999: Greek dictator dies

1981: Greece joins EU. Andreas Papandreou’s Socialist Party (Pasok) wins elections.

1985 Karamanlis resigns in protest at government plans to reduce powers of president. Christos Sartzetakis becomes head of state.

1986: Constitutional amendment transfers some of president’s powers to the legislature

1990: Centre-right New Democracy party forms government under party leader Constantine Mitsotakis

1991: Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia declares independence.

1993: Election returns Papandreou to power.

1995: Relations with Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia normalised.

1996: Tension flares between Greece and Turkey over disputed Aegean islet.

1999 September: Earthquake hits Athens: dozens killed, thousands left homeless.

2000 June: Senior British diplomat, Brigadier Stephen Saunders, shot dead in Athens by left-wing guerrilla group November 17.

2002 January: Euro replaces drachma.

2002 March: Greek, Turkish governments agree to build gas pipeline through which Turkey will supply Greece with gas.

2002 July: Suspected leader and members of November 17 terror group arrested after one of them is injured, allegedly by his own bomb, and provides information to police.

2003 December: Trial of November 17 suspects ends with their conviction. Head of group and its main hitman jailed for life.

2004 February: Kostas Simitis calls March elections and stands down as Pasok leader. George Papandreou takes over as party chief.

2004 March: Conservative New Democracy party led by Costas Karamanlis wins general election, ending over a decade of Pasok government.

2003: Greek militants jailed for life

2000: November 17 group: Small but deadly

2000: UK attache shot dead in Athens

2004 August: Athens hosts Olympic Games.

2004 December: European Commission issues formal warning after Greece found to have falsified budget deficit data in run-up to joining eurozone.

2005 March: Trade unions launch 24-hour strikes in protest at rising unemployment and high inflation.

2005 April: Parliament ratifies EU constitution.

2005 December: Amid protest strikes by transport workers, parliament approves changes to labour laws, including an end to jobs for life in the public sector. The plans sparked industrial action in June.

2006 March: Public sector workers strike over pay and in protest at government plans to scrap job security laws and intensify privatisation.

2006 May: Greek and Turkish fighter planes crash into the Aegean after colliding in mid-air.

2006 September: Greece, Russia and Bulgaria back a long-awaited deal to build an oil pipeline which will carry Russian oil to Europe via Alexandropoulis in Greece.

2007 January: A left-wing guerrilla group claims responsibility for firing a rocket at the US embassy in Athens. No-one is injured in the attack.

2007 February: The conservative government survives a no-confidence vote and promises to forge ahead with reforms.

2007 August: Government, seeking a fresh mandate for its reforms, sets date for early elections at 16 September.

2007 September: Despite criticism of his government’s handling of the fires, Prime Minister Karamanlis wins a narrow majority in the poll. He says he now has a mandate for more reforms but also pledges to make national unity a priority.

2008 March: Greece blocks Macedonia’s bid to join Nato because of unresolved dispute over former Yugoslav republic’s name.

2008 October: Hundreds of thousands of public-sector employees and professionals go on strike in protest at privatisation, pay ceilings and pension reform.

2008 December: Students and young people take to city streets in nationwide protests and riots over the police killing of a 15-year-old boy in Athens. Major public-sector strikes coincide to increase pressure on the government over its economic policies.

2009 August: Around 10,000 people are evacuated from their homes as wildfires sweep across the country.

2009 October: Opposition Pasok socialist party wins snap election called by PM Karamanlis and leader George Papandreou takes over as new prime minister.

2009 December: Greece’s credit rating is downgraded by one of world’s three leading rating agencies amid fears the government could default on its ballooning debt.

2010 January: Government announces second round of tough austerity measures, including public sector pay cuts, fuel increases, and a crackdown on tax evasion.

2010 February: EU leaders pledge to help Greece tackle its debt crisis, but fail to come up with concrete proposals.

Government austerity measures prompt series of general strikes and protests that continue into March.

2010 March: PM George Papandreou likens budget crisis to “wartime situation”, announces third round of tax rises and spending cuts totalling $6.5bn.

2010 April/May: Fears of a possible default on Greece’s debts prompt eurozone countries to approve a $145bn (110bn euros; £91bn) rescue package for the country.

2010 August: European Commission says Greece has met conditions set for it to receive second tranche of EU/IMF bailout loan.

2010 October: Government announces new, tougher, austerity measures in 2011 draft budget. Measures include new taxes and higher rate of VAT.

2010 November: EU and IMF approve third tranche of rescue funding for Greece.

List of Cities in Greece By Population

Athens
Thessaloniki
Piraeus
Patras
Heraklion
Peristeri
Larissa
Kallithea
Nikaia
Kalamaria
Glyfada
Acharnes
Volos
Ilio
Keratsini
Ilioupoli
Nea Smyrni
Chalandri
Marousi
Zografou
Egaleo
Agios Dimitrios
Korydallos
Evosmos
Nea Ionia
Palaio Faliro
Ioannina
Agia Paraskevi
Vyronas
Kavala
Galatsi
Rhodes
Serres
Alexandroupoli
Chania
Chalcis
Petroupoli
Katerini
Kalamata
Trikala
Xanthi
Lamia
Irakleio
Komotini
Kifissia
Sykies
Veria
Chaidari
Drama
Agrinio
Stavroupoli
Alimos
Polichni
Ampelokipoi
Kozani
Aspropyrgos
Agioi Anargyroi
Argyroupoli
Karditsa
Chios
Nea Ionia
Vrilissia
Agia Varvara
Corinth
Cholargos
Voula
Rethymno
Ptolemaida
Neapoli
Metamorfosi
Ano Liosia
Mytilene
Giannitsa
Eleusina
Salamis
Tripoli
Perama
Corfu
Kaisariani
Argos
Kamatero
Eleftherio-Kordelio
Megara
Melissia
Pylaia
Moschato
Nea Filadelfeia
Dafni
Artemis
Thebes
Pyrgos
Kilkis
Livadeia
Pefki
Aigio
Amaliada
Kos
Naousa
Arta
Edessa
Ellinikon
Gerakas
Koropi
Preveza
Panorama
Peraia
Oraiokastro
Nea Erythraia
Orestiada
Thermi
Kalyvia Thorikou
Pallini
Menemeni
Sparta
Agios Ioannis Rentis
Florina
Nea Makri
Paiania