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Facts about Islands for Kids


Very small islands such as emergent land features on atolls can be called islets, skerries, cays or keys.

There are two main types of islands: continental islands and oceanic islands.

The word island comes from Middle English iland, from Old English igland (from ig, similarly meaning ‘island’ when used independently, and -land carrying its contemporary meaning; cf. Dutch eiland (“island”), German Eiland (“small island”)).

Greenland is the world’s largest island with an area of over 2.1 million km², while Australia, the world’s smallest continent has an area of 7.6 million km², but there is no standard of size which distinguishes islands from continents, or from islets.

Islands are either extensions of the oceanic crust or geologically they are part of some continent sitting on continental lithosphere. This holds true for Australia, which sits on its own continental lithosphere and tectonic plate. Another subtype is an island or bar formed by deposition of tiny rocks where a water current loses some of its carrying capacity.

The few oceanic islands that are not volcanic are tectonic in origin and arise where plate movements have lifted up the deep ocean floor to above the surface. Examples of this include Saint Peter and Paul Rocks in the Atlantic Ocean and Macquarie Island in the Pacific.

Plate movement across a hot-spot produces a line of islands oriented in the direction of the plate movement.

List of Islands In Alphabetical Order

  • Adelaide Island
  • Admiralty Island
  • Akimiski Island
  • Alexander Island
  • Amund Ringnes Island
  • Anticosti Island
  • Axel Heiberg Island
  • Baffin Island
  • Bali
  • Bananal
  • Bangka
  • Banks Island
  • Baranof Island
  • Bathurst Island
  • Bear Island
  • Belitung
  • Berkner Island
  • Bohol
  • Bolshevik Island
  • Borden Island
  • Borneo
  • Bougainville
  • Buru
  • Buton
  • Bylot Island
  • Cape Breton Island
  • Carney Island
  • Cebu
  • Chichagof Island
  • Chiloe
  • Choiseul Island
  • Coats Island
  • Cornwallis Island
  • Corsica
  • Crete
  • Cuba
  • Cyprus
  • Devon Island
  • East Falkland
  • Ellef Ringnes Island
  • Ellesmere Island
  • Espiritu Santo
  • Euboea
  • Flores
  • Fyn
  • Gotland
  • Graham Island
  • Great Britain
  • Great Lyakhovsky Island
  • Greenland
  • Guadalcanal
  • Hainan
  • Halmahera
  • Hawaii
  • Hispaniola
  • Hokkaido
  • Honshu
  • Hoste
  • Iceland
  • Ilha Grande do Gurupá
  • Ireland
  • Isabela
  • Isla Grande de Tierra del Fuego
  • Iturup
  • Jamaica
  • James Ross Island
  • Java
  • Kangaroo Island
  • Kerguelen
  • King William Island
  • Kodiak Island
  • Kolguyev
  • Komsomolets Island
  • Kotelny/Faddeyevsky Island
  • Kupreanof Island
  • Kyushu
  • Leyte
  • Lombok
  • Long Island
  • Luzon
  • Mackenzie King Island
  • Madagascar
  • Madura
  • Majorca
  • Makira
  • Malaita
  • Manitoulin Island
  • Mansel Island
  • Marajó
  • Masbate
  • Melville Island
  • Melville Island
  • Milne Land
  • Mindanao
  • Mindoro
  • Moresby Island
  • Muna
  • Negros
  • New Britain
  • New Caledonia
  • New Guinea
  • New Ireland
  • New Siberia
  • Newfoundland
  • Nias
  • Nordaustlandet
  • North Andros Island
  • North Island
  • North Jutlandic Island
  • Nunivak Island
  • Obira
  • October Revolution Island
  • Palawan
  • Panay
  • Prince Charles Island
  • Prince Edward Island
  • Prince of Wales Island
  • Prince of Wales Island
  • Prince Patrick Island
  • Puerto Rico
  • Qeqertarsuaq
  • Réunion
  • Revillagigedo Island
  • Riesco Island
  • Roosevelt Island
  • Saaremaa
  • Sakhalin
  • Samar
  • Santa Inés Island
  • Santa Isabel Island
  • Sardinia
  • Seram
  • Severny Island
  • Shikoku
  • Siberut
  • Sicily
  • Siple Island
  • Socotra
  • Somerset Island
  • South Georgia
  • South Island
  • Southampton Island
  • Spaatz Island
  • Spitsbergen
  • Sri Lanka
  • St. Lawrence Island
  • Stefansson Island
  • Sulawesi
  • Sumatra
  • Sumba
  • Sumbawa
  • Taiwan
  • Taliabu
  • Tasmania
  • Thurston Island
  • Timor
  • Traill Island
  • Trinidad
  • Tupinambarana
  • Unalaska Island
  • Unimak Island
  • Vancouver Island
  • Vanua Levu
  • Vaygach Island
  • Victoria Island
  • Viti Levu
  • Waigeo
  • Wellington Island
  • West Falkland
  • Wetar
  • Wrangel Island
  • Yamdena
  • Yos Sudarso
  • Yuzhny Island
  • Zealand
  • Zemlya Georga