Skip links

Facts about Lake Champlain for Kids


Lake Champlain is a natural, freshwater lake in North America, located mainly within the borders of the United States (states of Vermont and New York) but partially situated across the Canada-United States border in the Canadian province of Quebec. The New York portion of the Champlain Valley includes the eastern portions of Clinton County and Essex County.

  • There are recreational opportunities in the park and along the relatively undeveloped coastline of Lake Champlain.
  • The cities of Plattsburgh and Burlington are to the north and the village of Ticonderoga in the southern part of the region.
  • The Quebec portion is located in the regional county municipalities of Le Haut-Richelieu and Brome-Missisquoi.
  • The Champlain Valley is the northernmost unit of a landform system known as the Great Appalachian Valley, which system stretches from Quebec to Alabama.
  • Lake Champlain is situated in the Lake Champlain Valley between the Green Mountains of Vermont and the Adirondack Mountains of New York, drained northward by the 106 miles long Richelieu River into the St. Lawrence River at Sorel-Tracy, Quebec northeast and downstream of Montreal.
  • The oldest reefs are around “The Head” of the south end of the island; slightly younger reefs are found at the Fisk Quarry; and the youngest are located in fields to the north.
  • In colonial times, Lake Champlain provided an easily traversed water (or, in winter, ice) passage between the Saint Lawrence and the Hudson Valleys.
  • Following a frenetic shipbuilding race through the Spring and Summer of 1776 by the British at the north end of the lake and the Americans at the south end, they fought a significant naval engagement on October 11 at the Battle of Valcour Island.
  • It primary goals are to reduce phosphorus inputs to Lake Champlain; reduce toxic contamination; minimize the risks to humans from water-related health hazards; and control the introduction, spread, and impact of non-native nuisance species to preserve the integrity of the Lake Champlain ecosystem.
  • The “floating” rail trestle from Larabees Point, Vermont to Ticonderoga, New York was operated by the Addison Branch of the Rutland Railroad.
  • This marble rock-landfill causeway stretched from Colchester, Vermont three miles north and west to South Hero, Vermont.
  • Two smaller marble rock-landfill causeways were also erected as part of this line that connected Grand Isle to North Hero, Vermont and from North Hero to Alburgh.