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List of Amendments to the Constitution


This is a complete list of all the amendments to the United States Constitution. How many changes or amendments are there to the constitution? Twenty-seven amendments have been ratified since the original signing of the Constitution, the first ten of which are known collectively as the Bill of Rights. Below you will find a list of the 27 amendments to help you when you’re asked to name the 27 amendments.

How Many Amendments Have Been Proposed But Never Ratified?

Many amendments are proposed every year. Up to 200 amendments are typically proposed in each term of Congress. Most never get out of Congressional committees. Few of the amendments below passed even the first constitutional hurdle: approval by two-thirds majorities in both Houses of Congress.

Only 33 such proposals in U.S. history (including the 27 that were ratified) have received the two-thirds vote in Congress necessary to present them to the states. The framers intended that it be difficult to change the Constitution, but not so difficult as to render it an inflexible instrument of government.

List of Amendments to the Constitution

What is the 1st Amendment?

The 1st Amendment protects the freedom of religion, speech, and the press, as well as the right to assemble and petition the government
When was it proposed? September 25, 1789
When was it enacted? December 15, 1791

What is the 2nd Amendment?

The 2nd Amendment protects the right to keep and bear arms
When was it proposed? September 25, 1789
When was it enacted? December 15, 1791

What is the 3rd Amendment?

The 3rd Amendment prohibits the forced quartering of soldiers
When was it proposed? September 25, 1789
When was it enacted? December 15, 1791

What is the 4th Amendment?

The 4th Amendment prohibits unreasonable searches and seizures and sets out requirements for search warrants based on probable cause
When was it proposed? September 25, 1789
When was it enacted? December 15, 1791

What is the 5th Amendment?

The 5th Amendment sets out rules for indictment by grand jury and eminent domain, protects the right to due process, and prohibits self-incrimination and double jeopardy
When was it proposed? September 25, 1789
When was it enacted? December 15, 1791

What is the 6th Amendment?

The 6th Amendment protects the right to a fair and speedy public trial by jury, including the rights to be notified of the accusations, to confront the accuser, to obtain witnesses and to retain counsel
When was it proposed? September 25, 1789
When was it enacted? December 15, 1791

What is the 7th Amendment?

The 7th Amendment provides for the right to trial by jury in certain civil cases, according to common law
When was it proposed? September 25, 1789
When was it enacted? December 15, 1791

What is the 8th Amendment?

The 8th Amendment prohibits excessive fines and excessive bail, as well as cruel and unusual punishment
When was it proposed? September 25, 1789
When was it enacted? December 15, 1791

What is the 9th Amendment?

The 9th Amendment asserts the existence of unenumerated rights retained by the people
When was it proposed? September 25, 1789
When was it enacted? December 15, 1791

What is the 10th Amendment?

The 10th Amendment limits the powers of the federal government to those delegated to it by the Constitution
When was it proposed? September 25, 1789
When was it enacted? December 15, 1791

What is the 11th Amendment?

The 11th Amendment immunity of states from suits from out-of-state citizens and foreigners not living within the state borders. Lays the foundation for sovereign immunity
When was it proposed? March 4, 1794
When was it enacted? February 7, 1795

What is the 12th Amendment?

The 12th Amendment revises presidential election procedures
When was it proposed? December 9, 1803
When was it enacted? June 15, 1804

What is the 13th Amendment?

The 13th Amendment abolishes slavery and involuntary servitude, except as punishment for a crime
When was it proposed? January 31, 1865
When was it enacted? December 6, 1865

What is the 14th Amendment?

The 14th Amendment defines citizenship and deals with post–Civil War issues
When was it proposed? June 13, 1866
When was it enacted? July 9, 1868

What is the 15th Amendment?

The 15th Amendment prohibits the denial of suffrage based on race, color, or previous condition of servitude
When was it proposed? February 26, 1869
When was it enacted? February 3, 1870

What is the 16th Amendment?

The 16th Amendment allows the federal government to collect income tax
When was it proposed? July 12, 1909
When was it enacted? February 3, 1913

What is the 17th Amendment?

The 17th Amendment requires senators to be directly elected
When was it proposed? May 13, 1912
When was it enacted? April 8, 1913

What is the 18th Amendment?

The 18th Amendment establishes Prohibition of alcohol (Repealed by Twenty-first Amendment)
When was it proposed? December 18, 1917
When was it enacted? January 16, 1919

What is the 19th Amendment?

The 19th Amendment establishes women’s suffrage
When was it proposed? June 4, 1919
When was it enacted? August 18, 1920

What is the 20th Amendment?

The 20th Amendment fixes the dates of term commencements for Congress (January 3) and the President (January 20); known as the “lame duck amendment”
When was it proposed? March 2, 1932
When was it enacted? January 23, 1933

What is the 21st Amendment?

The 21st Amendment repeals the Eighteenth Amendment
When was it proposed? February 20, 1933
When was it enacted? December 5, 1933

What is the 22nd Amendment?

The 22nd Amendment limits the president to two terms, or a maximum of 10 years
When was it proposed? March 24, 1947
When was it enacted? February 27, 1951

What is the 23rd Amendment?

The 23rd Amendment provides for representation of Washington, D.C. in the Electoral College
When was it proposed? June 16, 1960
When was it enacted? March 29, 1961

What is the 24th Amendment?

The 24th Amendment prohibits the revocation of voting rights due to the non-payment of poll taxes
When was it proposed? September 14, 1962
When was it enacted? January 23, 1964

What is the 25th Amendment?

The 25th Amendment codifies the Tyler Precedent; defines the process of presidential succession
When was it proposed? July 6, 1965
When was it enacted? February 10, 1967

What is the 26th Amendment?

The 26th Amendment establishes 18 as the national voting age
When was it proposed? March 23, 1971
When was it enacted? July 1, 1971

What is the 27th Amendment?

The 27th Amendment prevents laws affecting Congressional salary from taking effect until the beginning of the next session of Congress
When was it proposed? September 25, 1789
When was it enacted? May 7, 1992