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List of Animals that Live in the Desert


Addax Antelope: The addax weighs between 60-120 kg and is 1 m tall. The grass called Astridia is the staple food of these creatures.

African Porcupine: The African or crested porcupine is mainly found in sub-Saharan Africa, North AfricaSicily and Italy.

Arabian Horse: The Arabian horse is a large animal with a slender body and possesses great stamina and intelligence.

Big Free-tailed Bat: These bats are found in the Chihuahuan and southern Sonoran deserts.

Brazilian Free-tailed Bat: It is found in almost all the 4 deserts of the US.

Cave Myotis: The Cave Myotis bat is seen in the Chihuahuan and Sonoran deserts.

California Leaf-nosed Bat: These bats inhabit the Mojave and Sonoran deserts.

Mexican Free-Tailed Bat: The Mexican Free-Tailed Bat is a sub-species of the Brazilian Free-Tailed Bat and is found in the Chihuahuan desert.

Spotted Bat: It is one of the largest North American bat and is found in all the 4 deserts of the US.

Vampire Bats: The 3 species of these bats are the White-winged, Common and the Hairy-legged.

Bighorn Sheep: Found in the deserts of North America has the scientific name Ovis canadensis nelsoni. This creature is found in the region between NevadaCalifornia, south Mexico and west Texas.

Bilby: The Bilby which is also known as Rabbit-Eared Bandicoot is found in the deserts of Australia. This burrowing animal is nocturnal in nature and has strong claws.

Cape Hare: The cape or brown hare is found throughout the continent of Africa and has spread to AustraliaMiddle EastAsia and Europe.

Chuckwallas: These are large lizard species found in the Mojave desert of North America.

Civet: It is an arboreal animal found in Africa and Asia. The body length of civets is between 17-28 inches and the weight is around 5 pounds.

Collared Peccary: These pig-like mammals inhabit different regions including deserts, chapparels, dry woodlands of Mexico and southwestern USA.

Coyotes: These carnivorous animals are mostly found in the deserts of North America.

Desert Elephant: The desert elephants inhabit the Damaraland and Kaokoland regions of the northwestern Namibia and are found near the ephemeral riverbeds.

Desert Iguana: Found in the Mojave and Sonoran deserts of northwestern Mexico and southwestern United States. The desert iguana grows 16 inches in length and has a gray-tan color with a reticulated pattern that is light brown.

Desert Tortoise: The desert tortoise is found in the Sonoran and Mojave deserts of the USA and Mexico. These are 4-6 inches in height and grow around 10-14 inches in length.

Dingo: It is a wild dog found in the dry plains of Australia. These hunting dogs are medium in size and have a yellowish-tan fur.

Donkeys: These are hoofed mammals which inhabit desert regions and grasslands.

Dromedary: Also known as the Arabian camel is found in the middle east, the northern regions of Africa and also in the Thar desert.

Bald Eagle: The bald eagle which is native to North America is diurnal in nature.

Egyptian Vulture: These vultures are found in northern Africa, southern Europe and Asia.

Fan-tailed Raven: The fan-tailed raven is a member of the crow family and is native to the Arabian peninsula and Eastern Africa.

Fennec Fox: These foxes are found in the northern part of Africa and the Sahara.

Flamingo: These birds inhabit warm and tropical areas including the deserts lakes of Africa.

Gerbil: This animal from the rodent family is found in sandy areas of the Middle East, Africa and Asia.

Gila Monster: The Gila Monster is a venomous lizard found in the Sonoran, Mojave and Chihuahuan deserts.

Great Indian Bustard: It is a land dwelling bird with long legs, similar to an ostrich. It is mainly found in the Indian states of Rajasthan, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra and Karnataka.

Hedgehog: These are small animals with hair modified into spiky spines.

Hyena: Most of the species of hyenas are found in the sub-Saharan deserts, bushlands and the Savannahs.

Ibex: It is a wild goat found in East Africa, North Africa and Eurasia. The goat weighs between 90 and 120 kg while the height is 27-43 inches.

Jerboa: The jerboas are rodents found in the drylands of Asia and Africa.

Kangaroo Rat: These are nocturnal animals which inhabit the western region of North America.

Lappet-faced Vulture: The lappet-faced vulture is an endangered species of vultures. It is found in the north-west of Saudi Arabia, Negev desert of southern Israel and the Sinai peninsula in Egypt.

Lizards: The lizards form a large group of reptiles and consist of 5000 species.

Llama: These are desert animals similar to the camel and are raised to obtain wool and meat.

Marsupial Moles: These are burrowing animals found in the deserts of Western Australia.

Meerkat: The meerkats are burrowing animals and one of the different types of mongoose. These animals inhabit the Kalahari desert of southern Africa.

Nine-Banded Armadillo: The Nine-Banded armadillo lives in a wide range of climatic zones including deserts and semi/arid regions.

Onager: It is a grazing animal from the Equidae family which is found in Iran, Syria, Pakistan, Israel and Tibet.

Oryx: The oryx is actually a genus of antelope which has 3-4 species. These are native to Africa and the Arabian peninsula.

Pack Rat: It is found primarily in the deserts of northern Mexico and western USA.

Penguin: The penguins are found in the cold desert of Antarctica which lies in the southern hemisphere of the earth.

Peregrine Falcon: It is the fastest bird on earth and flies with a maximum speed of 90 mph. It is found in the mountainous regions of North America.

Peruvian Fox: The Peruvian fox which is also known as the Sechuran fox is found in the Sechuran desert which is located in the region between southwestern Ecuador and northwestern Peru.

Phrynosoma Platyrhinos: The Phrynosoma platyrhinos is native to North America and is found in southwestern IdahoOregon and northwestern Mexico.

Pocket Mouse: These are nocturnal animals with a long tail, soft pelage and small feet.

Polar Bear: The polar bear lives in one of the coldest deserts, the Arctic region.

Quokka: It is a type of kangaroo found in southwestern Australia.

Rattlesnakes: They have a characteristic rattle on their tail which is used to make a buzzing sound. The Eastern Diamondback rattlesnake is considered to be the biggest rattlesnake.

Roadrunner: The Roadrunner which is also known as a Ground Cuckoo inhabits the deserts, grasslands and scrubs of southwestern USA and Mexico.

Sand Cobra: It is one of the venomous snakes found in the Arabian desert.

Sandgrouse: It is a family of 16 bird species found in many different regions of the world including the Middle east, Central Asia, India and Eastern Africa.

Scorpion: The scorpions are known to survive in extreme climatic conditions ranging from freezing temperatures to hot deserts.

Serval: It is an endangered species from the cat family, mostly found in the sub-Saharan region of Africa.

Sidewinder: There two different sidewinder snakes: the Bitis peringueyi which is found in the deserts of Namibia while the Crotalus cerastus inhabits the southwestern US and northwestern Mexico.

Skink: These creatures look similar to the lizards however, their small legs and absence of a proper or well defined neck differentiates them from lizards.

Tarantula: These are hairy spiders which inhabit almost all the warm regions of the world including Africa, Australia, America and Europe.

Veiled Chameleon: It is found in the deserts of southern Saudi Arabia and Yemen.

Wallaby: These are marsupials which include animals like the Nabarlek and Quokka.

White-Tailed Deer: This long-legged animal is found in the North, Central and South America.

Xerocoles: These animals include the Diamondback rattlesnake, Mountain lion, The American Golden Eagle, The Great Horned Owl and the Mexican Gray Wolf.