Skip links

Facts about Liverpool (UK) for Kids


Liverpool is a city and metropolitan borough of Merseyside, EnglandUnited Kingdom along the eastern side of the Mersey Estuary. It was founded as a borough in 1207 and was granted city status in 1880.

  • Historically a part of Lancashire, the urbanisation and expansion of Liverpool were both largely brought about by the city’s status as a major port.
  • By the 18th century, trade from the West IndiesIreland and mainland Europe coupled with close links with the Atlantic Slave Trade furthered the economic expansion of Liverpool.
  • Inhabitants of Liverpool are referred to as Liverpudlians but are also colloquially known as “Scousers”, in reference to the local dish known as “scouse”, a form of stew.
  • The city is also home to the oldest Black African community in the country and the oldest Chinese community in Europe.
  • Referred to as the Liverpool Maritime Mercantile City, the site comprises six separate locations in the city including the Pier Head, Albert Dock and William Brown Street and includes many of the city’s most famous landmarks.
  • Matches between the two clubs are known as the Merseyside derby.
  • By the start of the 19th century, 40% of the world’s trade was passing through Liverpool and the construction of major buildings reflected this wealth.
  • In 1830, Liverpool and Manchester became the first cities to have an intercity rail link, through the Liverpool and Manchester Railway.
  • During the Second World War there were 80 air-raids on Merseyside, killing 2,500 people and causing damage to almost half the homes in the metropolitan area.
  • Previously part of Lancashire, and a county borough from 1889, Liverpool became in 1974 a metropolitan borough within the newly created metropolitan county of Merseyside.
  • The first School for the Blind, Mechanics’ Institute, High School for Girls, council house and Juvenile Court were all founded in Liverpool.
  • The City of Liverpool is governed by the Directly elected mayor of Liverpool and Liverpool City Council, and is one of five metropolitan boroughs that combine to make up the metropolitan county of Merseyside.
  • Discussions include pressing decision makers in the government on local issues as well as building relationships with the other Directly elected mayors in England and Wales.
  • Liverpool is one of the Labour Party’s key strongholds; however the city has seen hard times under Labour governments as well, particularly in the Winter of Discontent (late 1978 and early 1979) when Liverpool suffered public sector strikes along with the rest of the United Kingdom but also suffered the particularly humiliating misfortune of having grave-diggers going on strike, leaving the dead unburied.
  • Other notable churches include the Greek Orthodox Church of St Nicholas (built in the Neo-Byzantine architecture style), and the Gustav Adolfus Kyrka (the Swedish Seamen’s Church, reminiscent of Nordic styles).
  • Liverpool’s wealth as a port city enabled the construction of two enormous cathedrals, both dating from the 20th century.
  • Built in a variety of architectural styles, they are recognised as being the symbol of Maritime Liverpool, and are regarded by many as contributing to one of the most impressive waterfronts in the world.
  • Transport in Liverpool is primarily centred around the city’s road and rail networks, both of which are extensive and provide links across the United Kingdom.
  • Liverpool also has a history of performing arts, reflected in several annual theatre festivals such as the Liverpool Shakespeare Festival which takes place inside Liverpool Cathedral and in the adjacent historic St James’ Gardens every summer, The Everyword Festival of new theatre writing, the only one of its kind in the country, Physical Fest, an international festival of physical theatre, organised by Tmesis, the annual festivals run by John Moores University Drama department and LIPA, and by the number of theatres in the city.
  • There are two Jewish schools in Liverpool, both belonging to the King David Foundation.
  • Liverpool is home to the Premier League football clubs Everton and Liverpool F.C.
  • Liverpool have played at Anfield since 1892, when the club was formed to occupy the stadium following Everton’s departure due to a dispute with their landlord.