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Facts and History of Los Angeles California for Kids


Los Angeles is the second-largest city in the United States, the most populous city in the U.S. state of California, and the county seat of Los Angeles County. Situated in Southern California, Los Angeles is known for its mediterranean climate, ethnic diversity, sprawling metropolis, and as a major center of the American entertainment industry. The city was officially founded on September 4, 1781, by Spanish governor Felipe de Neve.

  • In 1848, at the end of the Mexican–American War, Los Angeles and the rest of California were purchased as part of the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo, thereby becoming part of the United States.
  • The city is the focal point of the larger Los Angeles metropolitan area and the Greater Los Angeles Area region, which contains 13 million and over 18 million people, respectively, as of 2010, making it one of the most populous metropolitan areas in the world as well as the second-largest in the United States.
  • Los Angeles is the seat of Los Angeles County, the most populated county in the United States.
  • Los Angeles hosted the Summer Olympic Games in 1932, 1984, and is currently bidding for the 2024 Summer Olympics.
  • Today, the pueblo is commemorated in the historic district of Los Angeles Pueblo Plaza and Olvera Street, the oldest part of Los Angeles.
  • During Mexican rule, Governor Pío Pico made Los Angeles Alta California’s regional capital.
  • Following the end of World War II, Los Angeles grew more rapidly than ever, sprawling into the San Fernando Valley.
  • The city is divided into the following areas: Downtown Los Angeles, East Los Angeles and Northeast Los Angeles, South Los Angeles, the Harbor Area, Greater Hollywood, Wilshire, the Westside, and the San Fernando and Crescenta Valleys.
  • The eastern end of the Santa Monica Mountains stretches from Downtown to the Pacific Ocean and separates the Los Angeles Basin from the San Fernando Valley.
  • Located at the boundary between the Pacific Plate and the North American Plate, it is vulnerable to the “big one”, a potentially large earthquake striking California through the San Andreas fault.
  • The coastal region around Los Angeles has a climate that is comparable to coastal areas of Rabat, Morocco, in temperature range and variation, as well as annual precipitation levels and rainfall distribution.
  • The Latino population is spread throughout the city of Los Angeles and its metropolitan area but it is most heavily concentrated in the East Los Angeles region, which has a long established Mexican-American and Central American community.
  • African Americans have the largest establishment in South Los Angeles, including the industrial neighborhoods of Crenshaw and Watts.
  • South Los Angeles, as well as neighboring communities such as the city of Compton that were home to predominant African American populations are now transforming into Hispanic communities.
  • Los Angeles is the second-largest city in the United States but since 1995 has had no NFL team.
  • The Charter of the City of Los Angeles ratified by voters in 1999 created a system of advisory neighborhood councils that would represent the diversity of stakeholders, defined as those who live, work or own property in the neighborhood.
  • The LA County Metropolitan Transportation Authority and other agencies operate an extensive system of bus lines, as well as subway and light rail lines across Los Angeles County, with a combined monthly ridership of 38.8 million as of September 2011.