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Facts About Luxembourg For Kids

Luxembourg, officially the Grand Duchy of Luxembourg, is a landlocked country in western Europe, bordered by Belgium, France, and Germany. It has two principal regions: the Oesling in the north as part of the Ardennes massif, and the Gutland (“good country”) in the south.

  • Luxembourg has a population of 512,353 (as of February 2011) in an area of 998 sq mi.
  • A representative democracy with a constitutional monarch, it is ruled by a grand duke and remains the world’s only remaining sovereign grand duchy.
  • Luxembourg is one of the world’s most developed countries, with an advanced economy and the world’s second highest GDP (PPP) per capita, according to the IMF.
  • Its historic and strategic importance dates back to its founding as a Roman era fortress and Frankish count’s castle site in the Early Middle Ages.
  • It was an important bastion along the Spanish Road when Spain was the principal European power influencing the whole western hemisphere and beyond in the 16th–17th centuries.
  • Reflecting its geographic position, Luxembourg’s culture is a fusion of Romance and Germanic Europe, borrowing customs from each of the distinct traditions.
  • Luxembourg is a trilingual country: German, French and Luxembourgish are official languages.
  • The Belgian Revolution of 1830–1839 reduced Luxembourg’s territory by more than half, as the predominantly francophone western part of the country was transferred to Belgium.
  • Luxembourg’s independence and neutrality were again affirmed by the 1867 Second Treaty of London, after the Luxembourg Crisis nearly led to war between Prussia and France.
  • During World War I Luxembourg was invaded and occupied by Germany, but was allowed to maintain its independence and political mechanisms.
  • Under the constitution of 1868, executive power is exercised by the Grand Duke and the cabinet, which consists of several other ministers.
  • Luxembourg is one of the smallest countries in Europe, and ranked 170th in size of all the 194 independent countries of the world; the country is about 998 sq mi in size, and measures 82 km (51 mi) long and 57 km (35 mi) wide.
  • The number of cars per 1000 persons amount to 680.1 in Luxembourg — only British overseas territory Gibraltar and the Principality of Monaco scoring higher.
  • Luxembourg has two Internet exchange points and one Carrier Ethernet Exchange points.
  • Since the beginning of the Yugoslav wars, Luxembourg has seen many immigrants from Bosnia and Herzegovina, Montenegro, and Serbia.
  • Three languages are recognized as official in Luxembourg: French, German, and Luxembourgish, a Franconian language of the Moselle region that is also spoken in neighboring parts of France and Germany.
  • The National Museum of Military History (MNHM) in Diekirch is especially known for its representations of the Battle of the Bulge.