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Facts about Manhattan for Kids


Is it true that Manhattan Island was bought from the Indians for $24? Peter Minuit gave the Manhattoe tribe a package of trinkets and cloth valued at 60 guilders- roughly equivalent to $24

Located primarily on the island of Manhattan at the mouth of the Hudson River, the borough is conterminous with New York County, an original county of the state of New York. The original city of New York began at the southern end of Manhattan, expanded northward, and then between 1874 and 1898, annexed land from surrounding counties.

  • New York County is the most densely populated county in the United States, and one of the most densely populated areas in the world, with a 2010 population of 1,585,873 living in a land area of 22.96 square miles, or 69,464 residents per square mile (26,924/km²), more dense than any individual American city.
  • It is also one of the wealthiest counties in the United States, with a 2005 per capita income above $100,000.
  • Anchored by Wall Street in Lower Manhattan, New York City functions as the financial capital of the world, with an estimated GDP of over $1.2 trillion.
  • A permanent European presence in New Netherland began in 1624 with the founding of a Dutch fur trading settlement on Governors Island.
  • The Sons of Liberty developed on Manhattan in the days following the Stamp Act protests.
  • From January 11, 1785 to the fall of 1788, New York City was the fifth of five capitals under the Articles of Confederation, with the Continental Congress meeting at New York City Hall.
  • Central Park, which opened to the public in 1858, became the first landscaped park in an American city and the nation’s first public park.
  • In 1874, the western portion of the present Bronx County was transferred to New York County, and in 1895 the remainder of the present Bronx County was annexed.
  • The construction of the New York City Subway, which opened in 1904, helped bind the new city together, as did additional bridges to Brooklyn.
  • Manhattan is loosely divided into Downtown (Lower Manhattan), Midtown (Midtown Manhattan), and Uptown (Upper Manhattan), with Fifth Avenue dividing Manhattan’s east and west sides.
  • Several small islands are also part of the borough of Manhattan, including Randall’s Island, Wards Island, and Roosevelt Island in the East River, and Governors Island and Liberty Island to the south in New York Harbor.
  • Marble Hill at one time was part of Manhattan Island, but the Harlem River Ship Canal, dug in 1895 to improve navigation on the Harlem River, separated it from the remainder of Manhattan as an island between the Bronx and the remainder of Manhattan.
  • Its only direct connection with the fifth New York City borough is the Staten Island Ferry across New York Harbor, which is free of charge.
  • Chelsea is a neighborhood with a large gay population, and recently a center of New York’s art industry and nightlife.
  • Each borough president had a powerful administrative role derived from having a vote on the New York City Board of Estimate, which was responsible for creating and approving the city’s budget and proposals for land use.