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Maryland (MD): State Guide and Fun Facts

When was Maryland Founded?1634

Who Founded Maryland? Lord Baltimore II (Cecilius Calvert)

First settlers: Nanticoke, Powhatan and Susquehannock Native American tribes

Square Miles: 12,407

US Rank: 42nd

State Flower: Black-eyed Susan

State Bird: Baltimore Oriole

State Motto
Italian: Fatti Maschii, Parole Femine
Translation: Manly deeds, womanly words

Capital City

Annapolis – The capital of Maryland is small, with a population of only 36,524. The town is located on the Chesapeake Bay and is well known for being home to the United States Naval Academy. The city retains is rich history, with many houses built in the 1700s still intact and inhabited. Streets are named after colonial rulers such as King George’s and Hanover Streets. Although the kings and lords have long since ended their rule of the eastern state, their memory and history remains alive.

What is Maryland famous for?

1. Blue Crab – Although it can be found all along the eastern seaboard, the Blue Crab is Maryland’s state crustacean, and it commonly fished and served near the Chesapeake Bay area of the state. This particular type of Blue Crab is known as the Chesapeake Bay Blue Crab, and it migrates seasonally to the southern area of the Bay for mating and laying eggs. The crab is responsible for generating a heavy amount of revenue for the fisherman and for the state of Maryland.

2. Star Spangled Banner – The song, written by Francis Scott Key, was first writted in 1814 after Key was unlucky enough to watch the attack of Ford McHenry in the Chesapeake Bay by the British. It steadily gained popularity and became officially used as a patriotic song in 1916 when Woodrow Wilsonnamed it the country’s National Anthem. The song as it is known today is an abbreviated form of the original, which continued for three more verses.

3. Babe Ruth’s Birthplace – In 1895, George Herman Ruth, Jr. was born in a bad part of Baltimore, Maryland. While he lived there he attended St Mary’s Industrial School for Boys, an orphanage. He attended school there for 12 years and while there, was taught the sport of baseball by Brother Matthias Boutlier. In 1913, when he was still a teenager, Ruth was seen playing baseball by a scout named Jack Dunn, who brought him on to play for the Baltimore Orioles. Teammates nicknamed Ruth “Jack’s newest babe”, and from then on he was often referred to as Babe Ruth. One year later, Ruth was traded to the Boston Red Sox, where he remained until he was sold to the New York Yankees. While with the Yankees, Ruth won 7 Pennants and 4 World Series Titles, cementing his spot as perhaps the most well known ballplayer in the history of the sport.

What is Maryland’s economy?

1. Maryland’s high technology field is growing faster than any other state in the US. The state is home to many federal companies such as the National Institutes of Health, the National Institute of Standards and Technology, the National Aeronautics and Space Administration and the Goddard Space Flight Center. These companies and others make the high tech industry in Maryland a constantly changing and growing economic contributor.

2. Agriculture and Fishing – Both of these industries are extremely important to Maryland’s economy. The state has more than 6 million acres of area, 2 million of which are dedicated to farmland. Fishing in the Chesapeake Bay is a vital economic driver as well. The most popular harvests are blue crabs, clams and oysters.

3. The state was first situated on the Chesapeake Bay because of its ideal trade location. Trade still remains and important part of the economy today, both in the Bay and in the Delaware Canal. The area is convenient to many highways, which allows for easy unloading from the ships onto trucks for cross-country shipping.

Maryland Historical Landmarks

1. Clara Barton National Historic Site – The Clara Barton House is located on this landmark site in Glen Echo, Maryland. It was the home of the founder of the American Red Cross, and was used as its early headquarters. The house itself was constructed partially from salvaged materials that were originally used to build emergency houses at the Johnstown Flood of 1889. Without knowing it, Clara Barton pioneered another cause, which 100 years later became knows as deconstruction and salvaged material use.

2. Edgar Allen Pie House and Museum – Located in Baltimore, Maryland, the house sits quietly on a city street corner, among other brick row houses of its kind. Poe moved into the home when he was 23 and three years later married the daughter of the homeowner, who was only 13 when the ceremony took place. Today, the home is open to the public for self-guided tours.

3. Flag House and Star Spangled Banner Museum – The house was built in 1793 and was home to Mary Pickersgill, the woman who sewed the “Star Spangled Banner”, which had 15 stars and 15 stripes.. The flag she created was raised over Fort McHenry in 1814, and was said to have been the inspiration for Francis Scott Key’s song, which later became our National Anthem. Today, the house is a museum that pays tribute to the early 1800s history of the area.

4. United States Naval Academy – The USNA is a federal service academy and was the second of the five service academies established in the United States. Admission is extremely competitive and applicants must undergo a rigorous process to gain acceptance. Tuition is paid for by the US government, however, upon graduation the student must enter into active duty for a specified amount of time.