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Facts About Meteorology For Kids

Meteorology is the interdisciplinary scientific study of the atmosphere. Studies in the field stretch back millennia, though significant progress in meteorology did not occur until the 18th century. The 19th century saw breakthroughs occur after observing networks developed across several countries.

  • After the development of the computer in the latter half of the 20th century, breakthroughs in weather forecasting were achieved.
  • Meteorological phenomena are observable weather events which illuminate, and are explained by the science of meteorology.
  • Those events are bound by the variables that exist in Earth’s atmosphere; temperature, air pressure, water vapor, and the gradients and interactions of each variable, and how they change in time.
  • Different spatial scales are studied to determine how systems on local, regional, and global levels impact weather and climatology.
  • Meteorology, climatology, atmospheric physics, and atmospheric chemistry are sub-disciplines of the atmospheric sciences.
  • In 1742, Anders Celsius, a Swedish astronomer, proposed the “centigrade” temperature scale, the predecessor of the current Celsius scale.
  • The group included Carl-Gustaf Rossby (who was the first to explain the large scale atmospheric flow in terms of fluid dynamics), Tor Bergeron (who first determined the mechanism by which rain forms) and Jacob Bjerknes.
  • To make frequent weather forecasts based on these data required a reliable network of observations, but it was not until 1849 that the Smithsonian Institution began to establish an observation network across the United States under the leadership of Joseph Henry.
  • It was not until later in the 20th century that advances in the understanding of atmospheric physics led to the foundation of modern numerical weather prediction.
  • Mesoscale meteorology is the study of atmospheric phenomena that has horizontal scales ranging from microscale limits to synoptic scale limits and a vertical scale that starts at the Earth’s surface and includes the atmospheric boundary layer, troposphere, tropopause, and the lower section of the stratosphere.
  • Hydrometeorology is the branch of meteorology that deals with the hydrologic cycle, the water budget, and the rainfall statistics of storms.