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List of Animals That Migrate and Fun Facts

What is Migration

Animal migration is the traveling of long distances in search of a new habitat. The trigger for the migration may be local climate, local availability of food, or the season of the year. Bird migration is the regular seasonal journey undertaken by many species of birds. Bird movements include those made in response to changes in food availability, habitat, or weather. Fish usually migrate because of diet or reproductive needs, although the reason for migration remains unknown in some cases. Insect migration is the seasonal movement of insects, particularly those by species of dragonflies, beetles, butterflies, and moths. Below is a list of animals that migrate, travel to avoid bad weather, find food, or reproduce. What is the animal that travels the longest distance to migrate? The Arctic tern migrates the longest distances of any animal. It flies over 21,750 miles each year.

Fun Facts about Migrating Animals

The whale that migrates the longest is the Gray Whale, which migrates about 12,500 miles.
The insect that migrates the longest is the desert locust, which travels about 2,800 miles.
The butterfly that migrates the longest is the Monarch, which migrates up to 2,000 miles.
The land animal that migrates the longest is the caribou, which travels about 700 miles.

List of Animals that Migrate

  • African Elephant: It migrates to find food during the wet and dry seasons.
  • American Buffalo: The American Buffalo is the heaviest land animal in North America.
  • American Golden-Plover: The American Golden Plover is a medium-sized shorebird.
  • Arctic Tern: A small bird that flies from the Arctic to the Antarctic and back again each year.
  • Basking Shark: A huge filter feeder and the second largest fish.
  • Bat: Bats are the only flying mammal. Some bats, like the Red bat, migrate.
  • Beluga Whale: A small, white, toothed whale that lives mostly in cold, Arctic waters.
  • Birds: Many birds, like the bobolink, the Arctic tern, and the Golden Plover, migrate.
  • Blue Shark: A sleek, fast-swimming shark with blue skin.
  • Bowhead Whale: A baleen whale rich in blubber.
  • Bull Shark: A blunt-nosed, dangerous, gray shark can that lives in freshwater rivers and lakes.
  • Canada Goose: The Canada goose is a large North American bird that honks.
  • Caribou: Caribou are herbivores that live in Arctic regions.
  • Cockatoo: Cockatoos are birds with a large, feathery crest and a hooked bill.
  • Crab: A crab is an animal with a shell. Many crabs migrate to reproduce.
  • Dogfish Shark: A small, very common, relatively harmless shark found worldwide.
  • Dolphin: A dolphin is a small, toothed whale, a marine mammal.
  • Earthworm: An earthworm is a little animal with a long, soft body and no legs.
  • Elephant: There are two types of elephants, the Indian elephant, and the African elephant.
  • Frog: Frogs are amphibians that migrate back to the pond, marsh, or lake where they hatch as tadpoles and lay their own eggs there.
  • Fruit Bat: Fruit bats are large bats that eat fruits and flowers.
  • Hammerhead Shark: Large predators with a hammer-shaped head.
  • Gnu: The gnu is a fast-running, herding, grass-eater from eastern Africa.
  • Goose: The Canada goose is a large North American bird that honks.
  • Gray Whale: A baleen whale that is a bottom feeder; it migrates long distances.
  • Great White Shark: An enormous, ferocious predator found worldwide.
  • Greenland Shark: A large, slow-swimming shark with glow-in-the-dark eyes.
  • Hammerhead Shark: Large predators with a hammer-shaped head.
  • Hummingbird: Hummingbirds are tiny birds that eat flower nectar.
  • Humpback Whale: A long-flippered baleen whale that sings and frolics in the water.
  • Ladybug: Tiny flying insects that eat garden pests. Some ladybugs migrate.
  • Mako Shark: Large predators that are the fastest swimming fish!
  • Mallard Duck: The Mallard is a common wild duck that is the ancestor of most domestic ducks.
  • Manatee: Manatees are gentle, slow-swimming aquatic mammals.
  • Salmon: Salmon are fish that live in the sea and spawn in freshwater.
  • Nightingale: A small songbird that sings beautiful, complex songs, often at night.
  • Oriole: The Baltimore Oriole is a black and orange bird that eats fruit and nectar.
  • Reindeer: Reindeer are herbivores that live in Arctic regions.
  • Sea Turtle: Sea turtles are large marine turtles.
  • Snow Goose: Snow Geese are migratory birds from North America.
  • Swordfish: The swordfish is a large fish with a long, sharp bill.
  • Tiger Shark: Large predators found worldwide in warm seas.
  • Toad: Toads are amphibians with poison glands. Toads migrate back to the pond, marsh, or lake where they hatched as tadpoles and lay their own eggs there.
  • Tuna: A large, bony fish that migrates thousands of miles across the oceans.
  • Umbrellabird: A bird with a large tuft of feathers on its head.
  • Wildebeest: The wildebeest is a fast-running, herding, grass-eater from eastern Africa. Also known as the gnu.
  • Zebra: Zebras are hoofed mammals that have black and white stripes.