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Facts about Monaco For Kids

Monaco is a sovereign city-state and microstate, located on the French Riviera in Western Europe. France borders the country on three sides while the other side borders the Mediterranean Sea.

Monaco has an area of 0.78 sq mi and a population of about 37,800; it is the second smallest and the most densely populated country in the world. Monaco has a land border of 2.7 mi, a coastline of 2.5 mi, and a width that varies between 5,577 and 1,145 ft.

  • The highest point in the country is a narrow pathway named Chemin des Révoires on the slopes of Mont Agel, in the Les Révoires Ward, which is 528 feet above sea level.
  • Monaco is a principality governed under a form of constitutional monarchy, with Prince Albert II as head of state.
  • Despite Monaco’s independence and separate foreign policy, its defense is the responsibility of France.
  • Economic development was spurred in the late 19th century with the opening of the country’s first casino, Monte Carlo, and a railway connection to Paris.
  • Monaco is not formally a part of the European Union (EU), but it participates in certain EU policies, including customs and border controls.
  • Monaco joined the Council of Europe in 2004.
  • Though the Republic of Genoa would last until the 19th century, they let the Grimaldis to keep Monaco, and, likewise, both France and Spain left it alone for hundreds of years.
  • The princes of Monaco thus became vassals of the French kings while at the same time remaining sovereign princes.
  • In 1869, the principality stopped collecting income tax from its residents—an indulgence the Grimaldis could afford to entertain thanks solely to the extraordinary success of the casino.
  • Until the Monegasque Revolution of 1910 forced the adoption of the 1911 constitution, the princes of Monaco were absolute rulers.
  • The treaty, endorsed in 1919 by the Treaty of Versailles, established that Monegasque international policy would be aligned with French political, military, and economic interests, and resolved the Monaco Succession Crisis.
  • In 2015, Monaco unanimously approved a modest land reclamation expansion intended primarily for some desperately needed housing and a small green/park area.
  • Monaco is also the world’s second smallest monarchy, and is the most densely populated country in the world.
  • According to the constitution of 1911, the principality was subdivided into three municipalities: Monaco-Ville, the old city on a rocky promontory extending into the Mediterranean, known as the Rock of Monaco, or simply “The Rock”; Monte Carlo, the principal residential and resort area with the Monte Carlo Casino in the east and northeast; La Condamine, the southwestern section including the port area, Port Hercules.
  • Traditional quarters and modern geographic areas[edit] The four traditional Quartiers of Monaco are: Monaco-Ville, La Condamine, Monte Carlo and Fontvieille.
  • However, the suburb of Moneghetti, the high-level part of La Condamine, is generally seen today as an effective fifth Quartier of the Monaco, having a very distinct atmosphere and topography when compared with low-level La Condamine.
  • Monaco is a sovereign city state, with 5 Quartiers and 10 Wards, located on the French Riviera in Western Europe.
  • It is bordered by France’s Alpes-Maritimes département on three sides, with one side bordering the Mediterranean Sea.
  • Monaco’s population is unusual in that the native Monegasques are a minority in their own country: the largest group are French nationals at 28.4%, followed by Monegasque (21.6%), Italian (18.7%), British (7.5%), Belgian (2.8%), German (2.5%), Swiss (2.5%) and U.S. nationals (1.2%).