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Facts about Morocco for Kids

Geographically, Morocco is characterized by a rugged mountainous interior and large portions of desert. Its distinct culture is a blend of Arab, indigenous Berber, African, and European influences. Morocco annexed the territory in 1975, leading to a guerrilla war with indigenous forces until a cease-fire in 1991.

  • Executive power is exercised by the government, while Legislative power is vested in both the government and the two chambers of parliament, the Assembly of Representatives and the Assembly of Councillors.
  • Moroccan Arabic, referred to as Darija, and French are also widely spoken.
  • Skeletal similarities have been suggested between the Iberomaurusian “Mechta-Afalou” burials and European Cro-Magnon remains.
  • North Africa and Morocco were slowly drawn into the wider emerging Mediterranean world by the Phoenicians, who established trading colonies and settlements in the early Classical period.
  • Mogador was a Phoenician colony as early as the early 6th century BC. Morocco later became part of a North African empire headquartered in Carthage.
  • The Idrisids established Fes as their capital and Morocco became a centre of Muslim learning and a major regional power.
  • Under the Saadi Dynasty, the country repulsed Ottoman incursions and a Portuguese invasion at the battle of Ksar el Kebir in 1578.
  • Morocco was the first nation to recognize the fledgling United States as an independent nation in 1777.
  • A month later, Spain agreed to leave the Spanish Sahara, soon to become Western Sahara, and to transfer it to joint Moroccan-Mauritanian control, despite the objections and threats of military intervention by Algeria.
  • There were renewed tensions in 2005 as hundreds of African migrants tried to storm the borders of the Spanish enclaves of Melilla and Ceuta.
  • During the 2011–12 Moroccan protests, thousands of people rallied in Rabat and other cities calling for political reform and a new constitution curbing the powers of the king.
  • The Atlas Mountains run down the backbone of the country, from the northeast to the south west.
  • Morocco claims that the Western Sahara is part of its territory and refers to that as its Southern Provinces.
  • Morocco is included in the European Union’s European Neighbourhood Policy (ENP) which aims at bringing the EU and its neighbours closer.