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Facts about Moscow for Kids


Moscow is a major political, economic, cultural and scientific center in Russia and in Europe. According to Forbes, Moscow has the largest community of billionaires in the world.

  • Moscow is the northernmost megacity on Earth, the most populous city in Europe, and the 5th largest city proper in the world.
  • It’s also the largest city in Russia with a population, according to the 2010 Census, of 11,503,501.
  • By its territorial expansion on July 1, 2012 southwest into the Moscow Oblast, the capital increased its area 2.5 times; from about 1,000 square kilometers (390 sq mi) up to 2,500 square kilometers (970 sq mi), and gained additional population of 230,000 people.
  • In the course of its history the city has served as the capital of a progression of states, from the medieval Grand Duchy of Moscow and the subsequent Tsardom of Russia to the Soviet Union.
  • Moscow is the site of the Moscow Kremlin, an ancient fortress that is today the residence of the Russian president and of the executive branch of the Government of Russia.
  • The city is served by an extensive transit network, which includes four international airports, nine railway terminals, and one of the deepest underground metro systems in the world, the Moscow Metro, third to Tokyo and Seoul in terms of passenger numbers.
  • The city is named after the river.
  • Nine years later, in 1156, Prince Yuri Dolgorukiy of Rostov ordered the construction of a wooden wall, the Kremlin, which had to be rebuilt multiple times, to surround the emerging city.
  • Since then, the emergence of a market economy in Moscow has produced an explosion of Western-style retailing, services, architecture, and lifestyles.
  • Moscow is situated on the banks of the Moskva River, which flows for just over 500 km through the East European Plain in central Russia.
  • The highest temperature ever recorded was +38.2 °C (100.76 °F) at the VVC weather station and +39.0 °C (102.20 °F) in the center of Moscow and Domodedovo airport on July 29, 2010.
  • Stalin’s plans for the city included a network of broad avenues and roadways, some of them over ten lanes wide, which, while greatly simplifying movement through the city, were constructed at the expense of a great number of historical buildings and districts.
  • There are also 450 square kilometres (170 sq mi) of green zones besides 100 square kilometres (39 sq mi) of forests.
  • Moscow was the host city of the 1980 Summer Olympics, although the yachting events were held at Tallinn, in present-day Estonia.
  • However, contemporary Moscow has also engulfed a number of territories outside the Ring Road, such as Solntsevo, Butovo, and the town of Zelenograd.
  • A part of Moscow Oblast’s territory was merged into Moscow on July 1, 2012; as a result, Moscow is no longer surrounded by Moscow Oblast and now has a border with Kaluga Oblast.
  • And although districts are not designated by income, as with most cities, those areas that are closer to the city center, metro stations or green zones are considered more prestigious.
  • In 2008, Moscow had 74 billionaires with an average wealth of $5.9 billion, which placed it above New York’s 71 billionaires.
  • Besides these, there are 222 institutions of higher education, including 60 state universities and the Lomonosov Moscow State University, which was founded in 1755.
  • Among the best are the Finance Academy under the Government of RF; Plekhanov Russian Economic University; The State University of Management, and the State University – Higher School of Economics.
  • Institutions in Moscow, as well as the rest of post-Soviet Russia, have begun to offer new international certificates and postgraduate degrees, including the Master of Business Administration.
  • There are five primary commercial airports serving Moscow: Sheremetyevo International Airport Domodedovo International Airport Bykovo Airport Ostafyevo International Airport Vnukovo International Airport Sheremetyevo International Airport is the most common entry point for foreign visitors, handling sixty percent of all international flights.