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Cool Facts about Mount Everest for Kids


Mount Everest is the Earth’s highest mountain, with a peak at 29,029 ft above sea level. In 1856, the Great Trigonometric Survey of British India established the first published height of Everest, then known as Peak XV, at 29,002 ft.

  • In 1865, Everest was given its official English name by the Royal Geographical Society upon a recommendation by Andrew Waugh, the British Surveyor General of India.
  • Waugh named the mountain after his predecessor in the post, Sir George Everest.
  • Although Tibetans had called Everest “Chomolungma” for centuries, Waugh was unaware of this because Nepal and Tibet were closed to foreigners.
  • The highest mountain on the Earth attracts many well-experienced mountaineers as well as capable climbers willing to hire professional guides.
  • While not posing substantial technical climbing challenges on the standard route, Everest presents dangers such as altitude sickness, weather and wind.
  • The British were forced to continue their observations from Terai, a region south of Nepal which is parallel to the Himalayas.
  • Many local names existed, including “Deodungha” (“Holy Mountain”) in Darjeeling and the Tibetan “Chomolungma”, which appeared on a 1733 map published in Paris by the French geographer D’Anville.
  • So, he decided that Peak XV should be named after George Everest, his predecessor as Surveyor General of India.
  • He wrote: I was taught by my respected chief and predecessor, Colonel Sir George Everest to assign to every geographical object its true local or native appellation.
  • Waugh’s proposed name prevailed despite the objections, and in 1865, the Royal Geographical Society officially adopted Mount Everest as the name for the highest mountain in the world.
  • The official Tibetan name for Mount Everest is Qomolangma.
  • A detailed photogrammetric map (at a scale of 1:50,000) of the Khumbu region, including the south side of Mount Everest, was made by Erwin Schneider as part of the 1955 International Himalayan Expedition, which also attempted Lhotse.
  • It is thought that the plate tectonics of the area are adding to the height and moving the summit northeastwards.
  • The summit of Everest is the point at which the Earth’s surface reaches the greatest distance above sea level.
  • Everest has two main climbing routes, the southeast ridge from Nepal and the north ridge from Tibet, as well as many other less frequently climbed routes.
  • Climbers then hike to Base Camp, which usually takes six to eight days, allowing for proper altitude acclimatization in order to prevent altitude sickness.
  • Above the icefall is Camp I at 19,900 ft.
  • Controversy has raged in the mountaineering community whether one or both of them reached the summit 29 years before the confirmed ascent of Everest by Sir Edmund Hillary and Tenzing Norgay in 1953.
  • In 1933, Lady Houston, a British millionairess, funded the Houston Everest Flight of 1933, which saw a formation of aircraft led by the Marquess of Clydesdale fly over the summit in an effort to deploy the British Union Flag at the top.
  • He needed to land for two minutes to set the Fédération Aéronautique Internationale (FAI) official record, but he stayed for about four minutes, twice.
  • The revelation sparked wide debate on climbing ethics, especially as applied to the arduous conditions in the death zone of the highest 850 m of Everest.