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Facts about Mount Kilimanjaro For Kids

Mount Kilimanjaro is a dormant volcanic mountain in Tanzania.It is the highest mountain in Africa, and rises approximately 16,001 ft from its base to 19,341 ft above sea level. The first recorded ascent to the summit of the mountain was by Hans Meyer and Ludwig Purtscheller in 1889.

  • The mountain is part of the Kilimanjaro National Park and is a major climbing destination.
  • The mountain has been the subject of many scientific studies because of its shrinking glaciers.
  • Kilimanjaro rises approximately 16,001 ft from its southern base in the plains near the municipality of Moshi to its summit height of 19,341 ft.
  • Kilimanjaro is a large stratovolcano and is composed of three distinct volcanic cones: Kibo, the highest; Mawenzi at 16,893 ft; and Shira, the shortest at 13,140 ft.
  • Kibo is the largest cone and is more than 15 miles wide at the “Saddle Plateau” altitude.
  • Within this caldera is the Inner Cone and within the crater of the Inner Cone is the Reusch Crater, which the Tanganyika government in 1954 named after Gustav Otto Richard Reusch upon his climbing the mountain for the 25th time.
  • About 100,000 years ago, part of Kibo’s crater rim collapsed, creating the area known as the Western Breach and the Great Barranco.
  • European explorers had adopted the name by 1860 and reported that “Kilimanjaro” was the mountain’s Kiswahili name.
  • In August 1871, missionary Charles New became the “first European to reach the equatorial snows” on Kilimanjaro at an elevation of slightly more than 13,000 feet.
  • Later in 1887 during his first attempt to climb Kilimanjaro, the German geology professor Hans Meyer reached the lower edge of the ice cap on Kibo, where he was forced to turn back because he lacked the equipment needed to handle the ice.
  • In 1889, Meyer returned to Kilimanjaro with the Austrian mountaineer Ludwig Purtscheller for a third attempt.
  • The first ascent of the highest summit of Mawenzi was made on 29 July 1912, by the German climbers Edward Oehler and Fritz Klute, who christened it Hans Meyer Peak.
  • Wheelchair-bound Bernard Goosen scaled Kilimanjaro in six days in 2007, while in 2012 Kyle Maynard, who has no forearms or lower legs, crawled unassisted to the summit of Mount Kilimanjaro.
  • Kilimanjaro National Park generated US $51 million in revenue in 2013, the second-most of any Tanzanian national park.