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Neodymium (Nd): Fun Facts and Information About the Element

What is the symbol? Nd
What is the atomic number? 60
What is the atomic weight? 144.24
What is the melting point in Celsius? 1010
What is the boiling point in Celsius? 3127
What is the density (g/cm3)? 7.01
What year was it discovered? 1885
Who discovered the element? Carl F. Auer von Welsbach
What group is the element in? 101
What is the electron configuration? [Xe] 4f4 6s2
What is the ionization energy? 5.525
What element category is it in? Lanthanoids

Where is Neodymium Found?

The element may be obtained by separating neodymium salts from other rare earths by ion-exchange or solvent extraction techniques, and by reducing anhydrous halides such as NdF3 with calcium metal.

What is Neodymium Used For?

Didymium, of which neodymium is a component, is used for coloring glass to make welders goggles. Glass containing neodymium can be used as a laser material to produce coherent light. Neodymium salts are also used as a colorant for enamels.