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Facts about New Brunswick For Kids

New Brunswick is one of Canada’s three Maritime provinces and is the only province constitutionally bilingual. It was created as a result of the partitioning of the British Colony of Nova Scotiain 1784.

  • Fredericton is the capital, Moncton is the largest metropolitan (CMA) area and Saint John is the most populous city.
  • In the 2011 nationwide census, Statistics Canada estimated the provincial population to have been 751,171.
  • The majority of the population is English-speaking, but there is also a large Francophone minority (33%), chiefly of Acadian origin.
  • The province is named for the city of Braunschweig, known in English as Brunswick, located in modern-day Lower Saxony in northern Germany.
  • The then-colony was named in 1784 to honour the reigning British monarch, George III. Braunschweig is the ancestral home of the British monarch George I and his successors.
  • The original First Nations inhabitants of New Brunswick were members of three distinct tribes.
  • The whole maritime region was at that time claimed by France and was designated as the colony of Acadia.
  • The Maliseet from their headquarters at Meductic on the Saint John River, participated in numerous raids and battles against New England during Father Rale’s War and King William’s War.
  • Fort Anne (Fredericton) fell during the 1759 campaign, and following this, all of present-day New Brunswick came under British control.
  • There were exceptions however, such as the coming of New England Planters to the Sackville region and the arrival of Pennsylvania Dutch settlers in Moncton in 1766.
  • By the late 1830s, population growth and competing lumber interests in the upper Saint John River valley created the need for a definite boundary in the area.
  • Government services were often not available in French, and the infrastructure in predominantly Francophone areas was noticeably less developed than in the rest of the province; this changed with the election of Premier Louis Robichaud in 1960.
  • Both Nova Scotia and Prince Edward Island are either surrounded by, or are almost completely surrounded by water.
  • Since the city’s transition to bilingualism, Moncton has experienced an upsurge in French in-migration from elsewhere in the province.
  • New Brunswick has a comprehensive parallel system of Anglophone and Francophone public schools providing education to both the primary and secondary levels.