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New Hampshire (NH): State Guide and Fun Facts

When was NH founded?: 1629

Who Founded NH?: Captain John Mason and Sir Ferdinando Gorges (also the founder of Maine)

First settlers located at: Odiorne’s Point, Rye, New Hampshire

Square Miles: 9,350 square miles

US Rank: 46th largest state

Capital City

Concord, NH is the capital city. It is located in the southern central part of the state in Merrimack County. It was originally settled by Pennacook Indians hundreds of years ago (before the pilgrims settled on the land). Because of its centralized location, it was named the capital of New Hampshire at the beginning of the 19th century. Its original driving industries included the quarrying of granite in nearby locations and furniture making. The city is moderately small; a 2008 census estimated that the population of Concord was 42,000.


What is New Hampshire famous for?

1. The New Hampshire primary – New Hampshire is the first state in the country to hold the American Presidential primary. The Secretary of State must schedule the NH primary one week or more before all other state primaries. Historically, the New Hampshire primary has been extremely influential in state voting trends following the initial primary

2. Granite – New Hampshire’s nickname is the granite state, as the area is home to a substantial number of granite quarries.

3. Old Man of the Mountain – The Old Man of the Mountain flanks highway road signs, the NH license, license plates, postage stamps and the state quarter. The natural rock formation was the result of glaciers and in 1805, a team that was surveying the area noted that the profile of the cliff resembled a man’s face. In 2003, the Old Man of the Mountain collapsed, despite efforts to save the cracking forehead.

What is NH Economy?

1. Tourism – New Hampshire’s main industry is tourism. The state attracts visitors to the mountains and lakes located in its central region. 18 milesof coastline, primarily fronted by state owned beaches are a large attraction in the summer months. New Hampshire is also home to the White Mountains and the Presidential ranges. Many skiing resorts attract winter sports enthusiasts to the Appalachian mountains of New Hampshire as well.

2. Textile Mills – Historically important to the state, however most have closed due to the influx of modern industry

3. High-technology companies – Many have moved into the previous textile buildings from locations in Boston and Massachusetts to escape the high taxes.

4. Lumbering – This has been a key industry for New Hampshire for a very long time, however most of the lumber today is used in paper production rather than lumber material supplies.


NH Historical Landmarks

1. Canterbury Shaker Village – Located in Canterbury, NH, Shaker Village is an historically preserved town that belonged to the Canterbury Shakers (related to the Quaker people) in the 1600s. Tours and museums within the campus tell of the history of the people through tours, programs, exhibits and real-life reenactments.

2. Franklin Pierce Homestead – The home of the 14th president of the United States is located in Hillsboro, NH and is open to the public for tours. The house was a tavern before it was home to Franklin Pierce and features a variety of meeting rooms and entertaining spaces, all preserved to their original condition.

3. Robert Frost Farm – Located in Derry, NH, the farm has been preserved the way that it was when noted poet, Robert Frost, lived there. The land is beautiful, and contains fields, woods, orchards, streams and meadows. It was at this farm that Robert struggled to get by. He did not receive acclaim for his work until late in life, and spent many a hungry year writing poetry and teaching English at nearby Pinkerton Academy. The farm is open to the public and also provides guided tours with a history of the property and the poet.