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Niobium (Nb): Fun Facts and Information About the Element

What is the symbol? Nb
What is the atomic number? 41
What is the atomic weight? 92.9064
What is the melting point in Celsius? 2468
What is the boiling point in Celsius? 4927
What is the density (g/cm3)? 8.57
What year was it discovered? 1801
Who discovered the element? Charles Hatchett
What group is the element in? 5
What is the electron configuration? [Kr] 4d4 5s1
What is the ionization energy? 6.7589
What element category is it in? Transition Elements

Where is Niobium Found?

The element is found in niobite, niobite-tantalite, parochlore, and euxenite. Extensive ore reserves are found in CanadaBrazil, Nigeria, Zaire, and in Russia.

What is Niobium Used For?

Niobium is used in arc-welding rods for stabilized grades of stainless steel. Niobium has been used in advanced air frame systems such as in the Gemini space program. Niobium is also commonly used for jewelry.