The North Island or Te Ika-a-Māui is one of the two main islands of New Zealand, separated from the slightly larger but much less populous South Island by Cook Strait. Listing from north to south, they are Whangarei, Auckland, Hamilton, Tauranga, Rotorua, Gisborne, New Plymouth, Napier, Hastings, Whanganui, Palmerston North, and Wellington, the capital, located at the south-west extremity of the island.
- It is normal to use the preposition in rather than on, for example “Hamilton is in the North Island”, “my mother lives in the North Island”.
- The sub-national GDP of the North Island was estimated at US$102.863 billion in 2003, 79% of New Zealand’s national GDP.
- The North Island is divided into two ecoregions within the Temperate broadleaf and mixed forests Biome, the northern part being the Northland temperate kauri forest, and the southern part being the North Island temperate forests.
- The island has an extensive flora and bird population, with numerous National Parks and other protected areas.
- Northland Auckland Waikato Bay of Plenty Gisborne Taranaki Manawatu-Wanganui Hawkes Bay Wellington The North Island has a larger population than the South Island with both the country’s largest city, Auckland as well as the capital, Wellington at either ends of the island.
- Healthcare in the North Island is provided by fifteen District Health Boards (DHBs).