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Ohio (OH): State Guide and Fun Facts

When was Ohio Founded? March 1, 1803

Who Founded Ohio? General Rufus Putnam founded Marietta Ohio in 1788.

Early Inhabitants of Ohio: Iroquois, Shawnee, Delaware, Wyandot and Miami Native American Tribes

Square Miles: 44,828

US Rank: 34th

State Flower: Scarlet Carnation

State Bird: Cardinal

State Motto: With God All Things Are Possible”

Capital City

Columbus – Columbus was established as a city in 1812 and became the state capital of Ohio in 1816. Throughout the city’s history, it has created for itself a widespread and diverse economic platform, allowing it to withstand times of hardship. The city was able to fare better during the Great Depression in the 1930s because its industries were many and varied. The same thing has happened in the recent recession that began in 2007. Columbus is home to government jobs, Limited Brands, Wendy’s, Nationwide Insurance, JP Morgan Chase, American Electric Power and Owens Corning.

What is Ohio famous for?

1. Ohio State University Football – The Ohio State Buckeyes have been playing football since May 3, 1890 under the leadership of Alexander S. Lilley. For a number of the early years, the team did not do well, with losing records at the end of most seasons. The team was almost disassembled in 1899, when head coach John Segrist was killed during a game. The team began winning streak in 1912 that afforded them enough fans to warrant the building of a larger stadium. In 1922, Ohio Stadium was opened, built entirely on fan donations. Over the years, Ohio State’s team rose to the ranks of the Big Ten, and today the school football team remains fiercely competitive.

2. Wright Brothers Birthplace – Wilbur and Orville Wright lived in Dayton, Ohio for most of their lives. The pioneers of flight were businessmen that involved themselves in many industries. Most notably, they opened a bicycle repair business in 1892 in Dayton, Ohio. The shop soon grew into a manufacturing plant for their own line of bicycles, the first of which were called the Van Cleve and St. Claire. The business grew successfully and the Wright brothers used the money they made from sales to experiment with their aviation fascination. Their travels took them across the country, but their lifetime home remained in Dayton.

3. Rock and Roll Hall of Fame – The Hall of Fame and Museum is located in Cleveland, Ohio, along the banks of Lake Erie. The Hall of Fame established itself in 1983, however it acted only as an organization and did not have a permanent home until 1995. The museum now lives in a glass pyramid nearly 200 feet tall, designed by I.M. Pei. Inside the museum are permanent and moving exhibits that tell the history of rock and roll since its beginnings. The Hall of Fame is located on the third level of the building and showcases all of the inductees’ signatures. The first inductees to the museum in 1986 were James Brown, Little Richard, Elvis Presley, Fats Domino, Ray Charles, Chuck Berry, Sam Cooke, The Everly Brothers, Buddy Holly and Jerry Lee Lewis.

What is Ohio’s economy?

1. Agriculture – Ohio is a leader producer of livestock including hogs, chicken eggs, beef cattle, young chickens, turkeys and sheep. Sheep are also raised for their wool, as Ohio is the largest wool-producing state in the eastern United States. Ohio’s most prominent crops are soybeans, corn, nursery plants, wheat, hay, oats, apples, grapes, peaches, strawberries, cucumbers, potatoes, sweet corn and tomatoes.

2. Manufacturing – Ohio is one of the largest manufacturing states in the nation, and the state gains the majority of its revenue from this sector. The main producing industries in the state are transportation, fabricated metals, industrial chemicals, pants, varnishes and soaps.

3. Mining – Ohio mines a variety of products, the largest of which is coal. Other mined products in the state include natural gas, sandstone, lime (to make cement, chemicals, fertilizer and steel), clay for bricks, salt, petroleum, sand, gravel, dolomite and gypsum.


Ohio Historical Landmarks

1. Cleveland Arcade – Built in 1890 by Stephen V. Harkness and designed by John Eisenmann, the Cleveland Arcade is known to be the first indoor shopping mall in the United States. Its structure include two nine-story towers build beside each other that were joined by an enormous skylight that measures over 300 feet long. The arcade has remained, without many changes, as it was the day it opened. Today, the Hyatt Regency Hotel carries on operations on the top floors of both towers, while the lower levels are open to public shops and eateries.

2. Thomas Edison Birthplace – Thomas Edison was born on February 11, 1847 in Milan, Ohio. His home is a modest brick structures that once stood surrounded by trees and open land. Today, the home has been built around and it located in a historic neighborhood. Edison’s descendents now run the house as a museum with tours and artifacts recalling the life of the great inventor.

3. Serpent Mound – Located in Peebles, Ohio, the Serpent Mound is an ancient ceremonial mound built by some of the first inhabitants of the area. Based on archaeological research, the mound was used by a few different prehistoric cultures. It was likely built around 1070 CE by the Allegheny People, the Hopewell culture, the Adena culture or the Fort Ancient culture. The mount itself winds its way along an open grassy area for approximately 1,370 feet. It is not very wide, and ranges in height from one to three feet.

4. Zero Gravity Research Facility – Located at NASA’s Glenn Research Center in Cleveland, the Zero Gravity Research Facility is used to research the effects of non-gravity environments on a variety of subjects. The structure itself is a cylinder that measures 470 feet long and 20 feet in diameter. Inside of the cylinder, objects are either dropped from above to experience a free fall, or launched upward from below with a pneumatic accelerator. This allows the object to typically stay in the air twice as long as if it was only in free fall. The Zero Gravity Research Facility is the only structure to be capable of performing these tests worldwide.