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Facts about Paris For Kids

Paris is situated on the river Seine, in northern France, at the heart of the Île-de-Franceregion. As of January 2009 the city of Paris, within its administrative limits largely unchanged since 1860, has a population of about 2,300,000.

  • Its metropolitan area is one of largest population centers in the European Union and Europe, with more than 12 million inhabitants An important settlement for more than two millennia, Paris had become, by the 12th century, one of Europe’s foremost centers of learning and the arts and the largest city in the Western world until the 18th century.
  • The Paris region is the first in Europe in terms of research and development capability and expenditure and through its 17 universities and 55 grandes écoles has the highest concentration of higher education students in the European Union.
  • Paris’ inhabitants are known in English as “Parisians” and in French as Parisiens and Parisiennes.
  • The Parisii, a sub-tribe of the Celtic Senones, inhabited the area near the river Seine from around 250 BC.
  • A century later, Paris was the centre stage for the French Revolution, with the Storming of the Bastille on 14 July 1789 and the overthrow of the monarchy in September 1792.
  • The discontent of Paris’ populace with the new armistice-signing government seated in Versailles resulted in the creation of the Paris Commune government, supported by an army created in large part of members of the city’s former National Guard who would both continue resistance against the Prussians and oppose the army of the “Versaillais” government.
  • Central Paris endured World War 2 practically unscathed, as there were no strategic targets for Allied bombers.
  • The suburbs began to expand considerably, with the construction of large social estates known as cités and the beginning of the business district La Défense.
  • Since the 1970s, many inner suburbs of Paris have experienced deindustrialization, and the once-thriving cités have gradually become ghettos for immigrants and experienced significant unemployment.
  • The most emblematic project is the construction by 2025 of a new automatic metro which will consist of 150 km rapid-transit lines connecting the Grand Paris regions to one another and to the centre of Paris.
  • More recently, the average temperature for July 2011 was +17.6 °C, with an average minimum temperature of 12.9 °C and an average maximum temperature of 23.7 °C.
  • Place de la Concorde is at the foot of the Champs-Élysées, built as the “Place Louis XV”, site of the infamous guillotine.
  • From the 1960s, the line was prolonged even farther west to the La Défense business district dominated by a square-shaped triumphal Grande Arche of its own; this district hosts most of the tallest skyscrapers in the Paris urban area.
  • Parisians tend to share the same movie-going trends as many of the world’s global cities, that is to say with a dominance of Hollywood-generated film entertainment.
  • The 1999 census indicated that, of the 5,089,170 persons employed in the Paris urban area, 16.5% worked in business services; 13.0% in commerce; 12.3% in manufacturing; 10.0% in public administrations and defense; 8.7% in health services; 8.2% in transportation and communications; 6.6% in education, and the remaining 24.7% in many other economic sectors.
  • Health care and emergency medical service in the city of Paris and its suburbs are provided by the Assistance publique – Hôpitaux de Paris (AP-HP), a public hospital system that employs more than 90,000 people in 44 hospitals.
  • In medieval times, Paris was governed by a merchant-elected municipality whose head was the provost of the merchants.