Skip links

Facts about Prince Edward Island for Kids


The maritime province of Prince Edward Island is the smallest in the nation in both land area and population.The island has a few other names: “Garden of the Gulf” referring to the pastoral scenery and lush agricultural lands throughout the province; and “Birthplace of Confederation”, referring to the Charlottetown Conference in 1864, although PEI did not join the confederation until 1873, when it became the seventh Canadian province.

  • It is located approximately 200 km north of HalifaxNova Scotia and 600 km east of Quebec City.
  • Prince Edward Island is located in the Gulf of St.
  • Lawrence, west of Cape Breton Island, north of the Nova Scotia peninsula, and east of New Brunswick.
  • The largest surrounds Charlottetown Harbour, situated centrally on the island’s southern shore, and consists of the capital city Charlottetown, and suburban towns Cornwall and Stratford and a developing urban fringe.
  • The provincial government has enacted laws to preserve the landscape through regulation, although there is a lack of consistent enforcement, and an absence of province-wide zoning and land-use planning.
  • As part of the French colony of Acadia, the island was called “Île Saint-Jean”.
  • The troops fled and New Englanders burned the capital to the ground.
  • In an attempt to attract settlers from Ireland, in one of his first acts Patterson led the island’s colonial assembly to rename the island “New Ireland”, but the British Government promptly vetoed this as exceeding the authority vested in the colonial government; only the Privy Council in Londoncould change the name of a colony.
  • Two armed schooners, Franklin and Hancock, from Beverly, Massachusetts, made prisoner of the attorney-general at Charlottetown, on advice given them by some Pictou residents after they had taken eight fishing vessels in the Gut of Canso.
  • The 1787 dismissal of Governor Patterson and his recall to London in 1789 dampened his brother’s efforts, leading John to focus on his interests in the United States.
  • The provincial economy is dominated by the seasonal industries of agriculture, tourism, and the fishery.
  • The sovereign is Queen Elizabeth II, who also serves as head of state of 15 other Commonwealth countries, each of Canada’s nine other provinces, and the Canadian federal realm, and resides predominantly in the United Kingdom.
  • As such, the Queen’s representative, the Lieutenant Governor of Prince Edward Island, carries out most of the royal duties in Prince Edward Island.
  • The provincial government has recently committed to enhancing primary care and home care services and has invested in health care facilities in recent capital budgets; mostly replacements and upgrades to provincial government operated nursing homes and hospitals.
  • In 2008, and 2009 Prince Edward Island Hosted the “Tour de PEI” a province wide cycling race consisting of women from around the world.